wiolin into the cradle, – my father had "there's something a-coming that 'll presented me with a cradle that he had make you open your eyes. A-Saturmade out of some boards that had been day night says I, 'I feel like dancing,' used once and rejected on account of says 1 ; 'so, Dan'l, give us one of knots, but just as good, you know, – your liveliest tunes !' and with that I and then he flounced into bed, and began to hop about like a lark. Of he never walked into his sleep that course he was took in, and the wionight!”

lin was n't touched; but O how he “ You cunnin' little thing !” cries did walk into his sleep! Wisible to John, overcome with her smartness, everybody! In wain I argued that and hugging her close. “Who but walking into sleep was wulgar, in wain you would ever 'a' thought on 't? Such I coaxed, and in wain I cried, - though a sleek deception !”

tears will sometimes prewail when “Well, a-Wednesday night he would nothing else will, that is, if they ain't n't touch his wiolin, and that night, too woluntary. Some women or rather along towards morning, he to shed 'em woluntary, and then they walked into his sleep, and a-Thursday are not so prewailing, which it was night he would n't play a stroke agin; never my case, Captain, never! I in wain I put the wiolin into his sight; cried for sheer spite and for nothing and that night he just dewoted himself else; it was always the way with me, to walking, – making himself wisible to especially after I was dethroned ; and the neighbors, even. So thinks says I, when tears did n't prewail, thinks says this won't do ; and a-Friday night, says I, I must take adwice, which I took I, I says to him, says I, “I hate the it, - adwice here and adwice there, old wiolin,' says I; "and I 've a good and one adwised one thing and one notion to burn it up!'

another; but the adwice I took was “ You just wenter!' says he, and adwice that it liked to have landed he takes it up and slants it agin his me where I never should have seen shoulder, and turns his head kind a the light of this blessed day, nor seen, sideways, all the time a-keeping his nor seen, nor seen eye onto me, and he seesaws and see- John put both arins round her insaws till I falls asleep into my chair, stead of one, and held her fast, lest and then he seesaws and seesaws till she might vanish like a phantom. I wakes and rubs my eyes, and still “ You seem so like a sweet wision his head is kind a sideways, and his of the night!” he said. And then he wiolin agin his shoulder, aslant like, asked her what was the wicious adwice. just as if he had n't moved ; and then “I do feel as if I'd wanish, sure I pertends to sleep, and I pertends enough,” says the widow, " if it was n't and pertends and pertends, and at for your wine-like arms a-holding me last pertence is clear wore out, and up so nice, for I never can repeat this I wakes up like, and I says, says I, part of my sufferings without being • Dan'l, it must be aʼmost ten o'clock, quite wanquished, — just a leetle closer, ain't it?' - I knew it was daylight. if you please ; now your shoulder, so And all at once his wisage changed, that it will catch my head if it should and the wiolin fairly dropt from his happen to fall. You have wisely called shoulder, and he hild up his head the adwice which I was adwised to that had been kind a sideways all that wicious,” says she ; “but what will while, and went to bed peaceable as you say when you hear the adwice a lamb, he did, and for the rest of which I was adwised ? Nerve yourthe night he did n't walk into his self up, Captain, but don't let go of sleep at all!"

me, not the least bit, I am so liable “ You angel !” says John, ““to get to be wanquished by my feelings. round him so."

There, that 'll do, - the dear knows “ Just wait,” says the widow; it's all because of my fear. Well, the

- you !"

Dear me,

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adwice I was adwised was, as you' sot out, for I never expected to reweal wisely said, wicious, - indeed it was it to anybody, unless it was to -- well, wery wicious, - and yet the woman to some one that either was, or was that she adwised the adwice was a like to be, my husband. woman of wast experience, -- the wife I've undertook too much!” of a wiolent drinker, and the mother “There," says the enraptured lover ; of fourteen children. More than this,

now can't

you go on?her father had been constable once, "I don't know,” says the widow, and she wore French thread-lace al- blushing, but not withdrawing her together! Would you suppose, Cap- cheek. tain, considering her advantages, es- “Try, for my sake!” says the Cappecially as regards her father and her tain, “it's so interestin'. You ’ve unlaces, that she could have adwised me dertook a good deal, but whatever conwith adwice that it was unadwisable ?"

sarns you consarns me.” “ No, I should n't a-dreampt on 't," “Well, I won't wacillate no more, says the Captain ; “but what was the not if it plagues you!” And the adwice that she adwised you that widow looked fondly in his face, and warn't adwisable ?"

then, quite supporting herself upon “I really can't get my consent to his arm, she drooped her eyelids modtell,” says the widow, “now that I 've. estly and resumed.

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"HERE is an American lady living rable talents with which she is en

at Hartford, in Connecticut, whom dowed, she had chanced to possess the United States has permitted to be one more, namely, the excellent gift robbed by foreigners of $200,000. Her of plodding, she had been a consumname is Harriet Beecher Stowe. By mate artist, and had produced immorno disloyal act has she or her family tal works. All else she has, -- the forfeited their right to the protection of seeing eye, the discriminating intelthe government of the United States. ligence, the sympathetic mind, the fluShe pays her taxes, keeps the peace, ent word, the sure and happy touch; and earns her livelihood by honest in and these gifts enabled her to rendet clustry; she has reared children for

her country the precise service which the service of the Commonwealth ; sbe it needed most. Others talked about was warm and active for her country slavery: she made us see it. She when many around her were cold or showed it to us in its fairest and in hostile ; — in a word, she is a good cit- its foulest aspect'; she revealed its izen.

average and ordinary working. There More than that: she is an illustrious never was a fairer nor a kinder book citizen. The United States stands high- than “Uncle Tom's Cabin"; for the er to-day in the regard of every civil- entire odium of the revelation fell upon ized being in Christendom because the Thing, not upon the unhappy morshe lives in the United States. She tals who were born and reared under is the only woman yet produced on its shadow. The reader felt that Lethe continent of America to whom gree was not less, but far more, the the world assigns equal rank in liter- 'victim of slavery than Uncle Tom, ature with the great authoresses of and the effect of the book was to conEurope. If, in addition to the admi- centrate wrath upon the system which

tortured the slave's body and damned mitted the emancipation of the slaves the master's soul. Wonderful magic was of longer growth, and was the of genius! The hovels and cotton- result of a thousand influences. But fields which this authoress scarcely when we consider that the United saw she made all the world see, and States only just escaped dismembersee more vividly and more truly than ment and dissolution in the late war, the busy world can ever see remote and that two great powers of Europe objects with its own unassisted eyes. were only prevented from active interWe are very dull and stupid in what ference on behalf of the Rebellion by does not immediately concern us, un

that public opinion which“ Uncle Tom's til we are roused and enlightened by Cabin” had recently revived and inten-, such as she. Those whom we call sified, we may at least believe, that, if "the intelligent,” or “the educated," the whole influence of that work could are merely the one in ten of the hu- have been annihilated, the final triumph man family who by some chance of the United States might have been learned to read, and thus came under deferred, and come only after a series the intiuence of the class whom Mrs. Jof wars. That book, we may almost Stowe represents.

say, went into every household in the It is not possible to state the amount civilized world which contained one of good which this book has done, is person capable of reading it. And it doing, and is to do. Mr. Eugene was not an essay; it was a vivid exbi. Schuyler, in the preface to the Rus- bition ;- it was not read from a sense sian novel which he has recently done of duty, nor from a desire to get knowlthe public the service to translate, in- edge; it was read with passion; it was forms us that the publication of a little devoured ; people sat up all night readbook in Russia contributed powerfullying it; those who could read read it to to the emancipation of the Russian those who could not ; and hundreds of serfs. The book was merely a col- thousands who would never have read lection of sketches, entitled “The it saw it played upon the stage. Who Memoirs of a Sportsman ”; but it shall presume to say how many sol, revealed serfdom to the men who had diers that book added to the Union lived in the midst of it all their lives army? Who shall estimate its influwithout ever seeing it. Nothing is ence in hastening emancipation in Braever seen in this world, till the search- zil, and in preparing the amiable Cu. ing eye of a sympathetic genius falls bans for a similar measure ? Both in upon it. This Russian nobleman, Tur- Cuba and Brazil the work has been genef, noble in every sense, saw serf- read with the most passionate interest dom, and showed it to his countrymen. If it is impossible to measure the His volume was read by the present political effect of this work, we may Emperor, and he saw serfdom ; and he at least assert that it gave a thrilling has since declared that the reading of pleasure to ten millions of human be that little book was “one of the first ings, -- an innocent pleasure, too, and incitements to the decree which gave one of many hours' duration. We may freedom to thirty millions of serfs.” also say, that, while enjoying that long All the reading public of Russia read delight, each of those ten millions it, and they saw serfdom ; and thus was made to see, with more or less a public opinion was created, without clearness, the great truth that man the support of which not even the ab- is not fit to be trusted with arbitrary solute Czar of all the Russias would power over his fellow. The person have dared to issue a decree so sweep who afforded this great pleasure, and ing and radical.

who brought home this fundamental We cannot say as much for “Un- truth to so many minds, was Harriet cle Tom's Cabin," because the public Beecher Stowe, of Hartford, in the opinion of the United States which per- State of Connecticut, where she keeps

house, educates her children, has a ily to the public. We can all see for book at the grocery, and invites her ourselves how slowly and painfully this friends to tea. To that American wo- beautiful genius was nourished, — what man every person on earth who read

a narrow escape it had from being “Uncle Tom's Cabin" incurred a per- crushed and extinguished amid the sonal obligation. Every individual horrors of theology and the poverty who became possessed of a copy of of a Connecticut parsonage, - how it the book, and every one who saw the was saved, and even nurtured, by that story played in a theatre, was bound, extraordinary old father, that most in natural justice, to pay money to her strange and interesting character of New for service rendered, unless she ex- England, who could come home, after pressly and formally relinquished her preaching a sermon that appalled the right, — which she has never done. galleries, and play the fiddle and riot What can be clearer than this ? Mrs. with his children till bedtime. A piano Stowe, in the exercise of her vocation, found its way into the house, and the the vocation by which she lives, per- old man, whose geniality was of such forms a professional service to ten abounding force that forty years of themillions of people. The service is ology could not lessen it, let his children great and lasting. The work done is read Ivanhoe and the other novels of satisfactory to the customer. What Sir Walter Scott. Partly by chance, can annul the obligation resting upon partly by stealth, chiefly by the force of each to render his portion of an equiv- her own cravings, this daughter of the alent, except the consent of the au- Puritans obtained the scanty nutriment thoress "first had and obtained ”? If which kept her genius from starving. Mrs. Stowe, instead of creating for By and by, on the banks of the Ohio, our light and instruction a glorious within sight of a slave State, the Subwork of fiction, had contracted her fine ject and the Artist met, and there, powers to the point of inventing a nut- from the lips of sore and panting fucracker or a match-safe, a rolling-pin gitives, she gained, in the course of or a needle-threader, every individual years, the knowledge which she repurchaser could have been compelled vealed to mankind in “Uncle Tom's to pay money for the use of her in- Cabin." genuity, and everybody would have When she had done the work, the thought it the most natural and prop- United States stood by and saw her er thing in the world so to do. There deprived of three fourths of her just are fifty American inventions now in and legitimate wages, without stirring use in Europe from which the invent- a finger for her protection. The book ors derive revenue. Revenue ! - not sold to the extent of two millions of a sum of money which, once spent, is copies, and the story was played in gone forever, but that most solid and most of the theatres in which the respectable of material blessings, a English language is spoken, and in sum per annum ! Thus we reward many French and German theatres. those who light our matches. It is In one theatre in New York it was otherwise that we compensate those played eight times a week for twelve who kindle our souls.

months. Considerable fortunes have “ Uncle Tom's Cabin,” like every been gained by its performance, and other novelty in literature, was the late- it is still a source of revenue to actmaturing fruit of generations. Two ors and managers. We believe that centuries of wrong had to pass, before there are at least three persons in the the Subject was complete for the Art- United States, connected with theaist's hand, and the Artist herself was a tres, who have gained more money flower of an ancient and gifted family. from “Uncle Tom's Cabin " than Mrs. The Autobiography of Lyman Beecher Stowe. Of all the immense sums has made known this remarkable fam- which the exhibition of this story

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upon the stage has produced, the au- thousand dollars, honestly hers, is a thoress has received nothing. When most moderate and safe statement. Dumas cr Victor Hugo publishes a nov- This money was due to her as entireel, the sale of the right to perform it as ly as the sum named upon a bill of a play yields him from eighty thousand exchange is due to the rightful ownto one hundred and twenty thousand er of the same. It was for “ value francs. These authors receive a share received.” A permanently attractive of the receipts of the theatre, the book, moreover, would naturally be only fair arrangement, — and this share, more than a sum of money ; it would we believe, is usually one tenth ; which be an estate ; it would be an income. is also the usual percentage paid to This wrong, therefore, continues to the authors upon the sale of their books. present moment, and will go on longer If a French author had written “Uncle than the life of the authoress. While Tom's Cabin,” he would have enjoyed, we are writing this sentence, probably, - 1. A part of the price of every copy some German, French, Spanish, Italsold in France ; 2. A share of the re- ian, Russian, or English bookseller is ceipts of every theatre in France in dropping into his “till ” the price of which he permitted it to be played; a copy of “ Uncle Tom's Cabin,” the 3. A sum of money for the right of whole of which he will keep, instead translation into English ; 4. A sum of of sending ten per cent of it to Hartmoney for the right of translation into ford on the ist of January next. German. We believe we are far with- We have had another literary sucin the truth when we say, that a literary

cess in these years, - Mr. Motley's Hissuccess achieved by a French author tories of the Dutch Republic and of equal to that of “Uncle Tom's Cabin" the United Netherlands. As there are would have yielded that author half a fifteen persons in the world who can million dollars in gold ; and that, too, enjoy fiction to one that will read in spite of the lamentable fact, that much of any other kind of literary America would have stolen the product production, the writers of fiction usuof his genius, instead of buying it. ally receive some compensation for

Mrs. Stowe received for “ Uncle their labors. Not a fair nor an adeTom's Cabin " the usual percentage up- quate compensation, but some. This on the sale of the American edition; compensation will never be fair nor which may have consisted of some three adequate until every man or woman in hundred thousand copies. This per

the whole world who buys a copy of centage, with some other trifling sums, a novel, or sees it played, shall, in so may have amounted to forty thousand doing, contribute a certain stipulated dollars. From the theatre she has sum to the author. Nevertheless, the received nothing; from foreign coun- writers of fiction do get a little montries nothing, or next to nothing. ey, and a few of them are able to live This poor forty thousand dollars almost as well as a retired grocer. about enough to build a comfortable Now and then we hear of an author house in the country, and lay out an who gets almost as much money for acre or two of grounds — was the pro- a novel that enthralls and enchants duct of the supreme literary success of two or three nations for many months, all times ! A corresponding success in as a beardless operator in stocks somesugar, in stocks, in tobacco, in cotton, times wins between one and two P. M. in invention, in real estate, would have It is not so with the heroes of research, yielded millions upon millions to the like Motley, Buckle, Bancroft, and Carlucky operator. To say that Mrs. lyle. Upon this point we are ready to Stowe, through our cruel and shame- make a sweeping assertion, and it is ful indifference with regard to the this. No well-executed work, involvrights of authors, native and foreign, ing original research, can pay exhas been kept out of two hundred penses, unless the author is protected VOL. XX. NO. 120.


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