An Introduction to Early Judaism

˹
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2001 - 234 ˹
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. Preface. xi. 1. The Time of the Second Temple. 1. . The Persian Period (538-332 BCE). 1. . Beginnings. 2. . Events in Yehud (Judah). 3. . The Work of Ezra and Nehemiah. 3. . Jaddua and Alexander the Great. 6. . Events in Egypt. 7. . Events in Babylon and Persia. 9. . The Hellenistic Age (332-63 BCE). 11. . Ptolemaic Control of Egypt and Judea (ca. 305-198 BCE). 12. . Ptolemy I and Judea. 12. . Ptolemy II and the Greek Translation of the Torah. 13. . The Tobiad Romance. 14. . Seleucid Control/Influence in Judea (198-63 BCE). 16. . Antiochus III (223-187 BCE). 16. . Antiochus IV, High Priests, and Hellenism. 18. . The Hasmonean State (ca. 140-63 BCE). 24. . Simon (142-134 BCE). 25. . John Hyrcanus (134-104 BCE). 27. . Aristobulus I (104-103 BCE) and Kingship. 28. . Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE). 29. . Salome Alexandra (76-67 BCE). 30. . Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II (67-63 BCE). 31. . The Roman Period (63 BCE and Beyond). 32. . The Early Years (63-37 BCE). 32. . Herod (37-4 BCE) and Archelaus (4 BCE-6 CE). 36. . Direct Roman Rule (6-66 CE). 39. . The First Jewish Revolt against Rome (66-73 CE). 41. . The Bar Kokhba Revolt (132-135 CE). 48. . Appendix on Egyptian Judaism. 49. 2. Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period. 53. . Second Temple Texts in the Hebrew Bible. 53. . The Classification of Second Temple Literature. 54. . Apocrypha. 54. . The Catholic Deuterocanonical Books. 55. . Works in Greek Bibles but Not in the Hebrew Bible. 55. . Pseudepigrapha. 56. . Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period. 59. . Narrative Works. 59. . Histories. 59. (1). 1 Esdras. 59. (2). 1 Maccabees. 62. (3). 2 Maccabees. 65. . Tales. 69. (1). Tobit. 69. (2). Judith. 72. (3). Susanna. 75. (4). 3 Maccabees. 78. (5). Letter of Aristeas. 81. (6). The Greek Esther. 85. . Rewritten Scripture. 88. . 1 Enoch. 88. (1). The Astronomical Book of Enoch (1 Enoch 72-82). 89. (2). The Book of the Watchers (1 Enoch 1-36). 91. . Aramaic Levi. 94. . The Book of Jubilees. 97. . The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. 100. . Apocalypses. 102. . The Apocalypse of Weeks (1 Enoch 93:3-10; 91:11-17). 103. . The Book of Dreams (1 Enoch 83-90). 105. . Sibylline Oracles. 107. . The Similitudes or Parables of Enoch (1 Enoch 37-71). 110. . The Testament of Moses. 113. . Wisdom Literature. 115. . The Wisdom of Ben Sira. 115. . The Epistle of Enoch (1 Enoch 91-107 [108]). 119. . Baruch (or 1 Baruch). 121. . The Wisdom of Solomon. 124. . Poetic Works. 128. . The Psalms of Solomon. 128. . The Prayer of Manasseh. 132. . The Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Young Men. 133. . Mockery of Idols. 135. . The Letter of Jeremiah. 135. . Bel and the Dragon. 136. . Philo and Josephus. 138. . Philo of Alexandria. 138. . Josephus. 142. . Great Archeological Discoveries. 147. . The Elephantine Papyri. 147. . The Dead Sea Scrolls. 150. (1). The Manuscripts and Fragments. 151. (2). Archeological Evidence. 158. (3). The Qumran Community and Its History. 160. . Masada. 166. (1). The Story. 166. (2). Archeological Evidence. 170. 3. Synthesis: Leaders, Groups, and Institutions. 175. . Rulers and Leaders. 176. . The Priests. 176. . High Priest. 176. . Leading Priests. 181. . Ordinary Priests. 182. . Civil Rulers. 183. . Sanhedrin/Council. 184. . Groups. 186. . Early Second Temple Period. 186. . Late Hellenistic and Roman Times. 187. . Pharisees. 187. . Sadducees. 189. . Essenes. 191. . Others. 192. . Worship. 193. . The Temple. 194. . The Temple Structure. 194. . The Sacrificial System. 203. . Festivals. 204. (1). Passover. 204. (2). The Festival of Unleavened Bread. 204. (3). Second Passover. 205. (4). The Festival of Weeks. 205. (5). The First of the Seventh Month. 206. (6). The Day of Atonement. 206. (7). The Festival of Tabernacles (or Booths). 207. (8). Hanukkah. 207. (9). Purim. 208. . Other Forms of Worship. 208. (1). Music. 208. (2). Prayer. 210. . The Synagogue. 211. . Scriptures. 213. . Groups of Authoritative Writings. 213. . Versions. 215. . Interpretation. 216. . Bibliography. 219. . Index. 225.
 

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˹ 2 - Cyrus king of Persia: The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever is among you of all his people, may his God be with him, and let him go up...
˹ 3 - Whoever will not obey the law of your God and the law of the king, let judgment be strictly executed upon him, whether for death or for banishment or for confiscation of his goods or for imprisonment.

ǡѺ (2001)


James C. VanderKam is the John A. O'Brien Professor of Hebrew Scriptures Emeritus at the University of Notre Dame. Among his many other books are The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Bible, The Dead Sea Scrolls Today, and the two-volume commentary on the book of Jubilees in the Hermeneia series. He also served as an editor for thirteen volumes in the Discoveries in the Judaean Desert series and was editor of the Journal of Biblical Literature from 2006 to 2012.

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