119, 127, no. 8. May ; Future Farmers, 7, no. 1, Oct., 117, no. 8, May; Future Homemakers, 7, no. 1, Oct.; guidance, 86-87, no. 6, Mar., 142, no. 9, June ; home economics, 111, no. 7, Apr.,

134-135, 138, no. 9, June. Vocational Education Through the Cooperative

Part-Time Diversified Occupations Program (Rakestraw), 126, no. 8, May.

of Congress Can Help You, 138, no. 9, June; New Publications of Office of Education, 93, no. 6,

Mar., 107, no. 7, Apr., 118, no. 8, May. What Will the Year 1950 Hold for American Edu

cation ? page 4 of cover, no. 4, Jan. Why Do Boys and Girls Drop Out of School and

What Can We Do About It? 136-137, no. 9, June. Wilkins, Theresa Birch : Accredited higher'insti

tutions, 79, no. 5, Feb. Wood, William R., and Kempfer, Homer : The

Community College-A Challenging Concept for You, 129-130, 140-141, no. 9, June.



Wales, teacher exchange, 36, no. 3, Dec.
War Surplus Property Program Converted to Peace-

time Basis for Schools, Colleges, and Universities

(Harris), 133, 139, no. 9, June. Waters, Elinor B.: Bringing the Smithsonian to

Your Pupils, 117–118, no. 8, May; The Library

You Can Teach About Cancer, 104-106, no. 7. Apr. Youth Is Served by Public Libraries (Beust), 83-84,

94, no. 6, Mar.

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United States History Is Taught in Our High

Schools (Anderson), 46-47, no. 3, Dec.
United States National Museum, 117–118, no. 8,

United States Navy, scholarships, 14, no. 1, Oct.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 14, no. 1,

Oct., 73, no. 5, Feb., 132, no. 9, June.
Veterans' education, legislation, 55, no. 4, Jan.
VFW Supports Education for Democracy, 45, no. 3,

Victorious Voices of Democracy, 81-82, 92, no. 6,

Viles, Nelson E. : Sanitation in Many School Build-

ings Deplorable, 113–114, 125, nod 8, May;
teachers aid in suitable school housing, 14, no. 1,

Vocational education: Apprentice training. 102,

no. 7, Apr.; counseling, 75, no. 5, Feb. ; diversi-
fied occupations, 126, no. 8, May; division of,


OSCAR R. EWING, Administrator






*une; no. 6,

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Apr. -84,

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p. 14

THE Office of Education was estab.

lished in 1867 “for the purpose

of collecting such statistics and

facts as shall show the condition

and progress of education in the sev.

eral States and Territories, and of dif.

fusing such information respecting the

organization and management of schools and

school systems and methods of teaching,

as shall aid the people of the United

States in the establishment and main-

tenance of efficient school sys-

tems, and otherwise promote

the cause of education

throughout the


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HE EDUCATIONAL STATESMAN is high the salary or the prestige carried by unsolved problems in education and more the person who shows unusual courage the position. A holder of a Ph. D. degree really good school systems and institutions

and wisdom in dealing with educa. who heads a great city or State school sys- of higher learning throughout the Nation. tional problems or directing educational tem may or may not have the qualities that Let us look briefly at a few of the imaffairs. The greatest educational states- make him a great educational leader and portant problems and issues being faced by man is the person who has progressed statesman. We always hope he has those education in this country and consider what furthest in understanding and applying qualities because he needs them. We be educational leadership can and should do fundamental principles to the solution of lieve that good training helps to develop about solving these problems. important educational problems as con- those qualities. Yet when we take up our trasted with the person who merely does lantern to search out the educational states- Assuring Competent Leadership what is most expedient, what is easiest, or men in the Nation today we know that the I believe the basic issue in this country, what is designed to bring him the most per- number we discover will be far fewer than

not only in education but in every other sonal credit. This may constitute the sig. the holders of advanced degrees or of im- phase of public life, is whether we can and nificant difference between the great educa. portant educational positions.

will train, select, and place responsibility on tional leader and the little or mediocre per- In fact, it should be apparent that one of persons who have the qualities and courage son, regardless of title, who tries to do the our greatest needs today in education, as in to exercise the highest level of leadership. most popular thing, or the thing which all other fields, is for more persons ranging To the extent that we fail to attain that will add most to his own prestige.

from classroom teachers to college presi- objective we are likely to fail to attain most We do not yet know too much about how dents who have the understanding, the in- every other objective we may consider destatesmanship in any field is developed. sight, the qualities of leadership, and the sirable. While we have made considerable We know that it is not handed out with a unselfish courage necessary to exercise real progress in education, we are still so far college degree no matter how advanced the statesmanship on all occasions. If we had short of the possibilities that the task ahead degree, nor with a position no matter how more such persons, we would have far fewer of us will demand our best thinking.

Volume 32, Number 1

condition. Then we read the accident

statistics and talk about reckless youth! TEN YEARS ago the author of this article, Edgar L. Morphet, was largely responsi

We develop a highly industrialized soble for organizing the Southern States Work-Conference on Educational Problems. Since that time, while serving successively as Director of Administration and Finance ciety and 9-months school term with no of the Florida State Department of Education, Executive Secretary of the Florida opportunity even during the summer Citizens Committee on Education, and Associate Research Director of the Council

months for real work-experience for a large of State Governments' study of The Forty-eight State School Systems, he has been

proportion of the youth, then talk in the Executive Secretary and Editor of publications of the Conference. During this

shocked tones about wayward youth and year's Tenth Annual session of the Conference, held at Daytona Beach, Fla., in June, and attended by 150 persons representing the 14 States of the Southern juvenile delinquency! Region, Dr. Morphet was presented with a silver pitcher “in appreciation of his We set up schools as educational instileadership—unselfish, tireless, inspiring.” Mrs. Annie Laurie McDonald of Hickory,

tutions, then assume that they should do a N. C., serving as chairman of the Work-Conference committee on health education,

perfect job in almost complete isolation made the presentation. Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent of Public Instruction in North Carolina and President of the National Council of Chief State School Officers,

from the homes, in spite of the fact that a presided at the meeting. (See accompanying photograph.) The presentation

child learns constantly and that he spends speech was made by Andrew D. Holt, Executive Secretary-Treasurer, Tennessee Edu- less than one-eighth as many hours at school cation Association, the newly elected President of the National Education Association.

as outside school during a school year. Dr. Morphet, who has served as Chief of School Finance in the Division of School

Yes, we even get so interested in subject Administration, Office of Education, since January 1, left this position in September to become Professor of Education in the field of School Administration at the

matter that we tend to forget that the other University of California at Berkeley.

things a child learns may be far more sig. SCHOOL LIFE is pleased to present Dr. Morphet's challenging views on the nificant for him and for the civilization in present-day need for educational statesmanship in our country as included in his which he lives than what he learns or fails address at the recent cooperative Conference for School Administrators sponsored

to learn about any subject. by Northwestern University and the University of Chicago.

To solve problems such as these--to prevent the concepts of education from becom

ing stereotyped before the evidence is all We still select nearly two-thirds of our lished to select persons for these key posi

in—we must have educational statesmanchief State school officers and most of our tions have not exercised enough statesman- ship of the highest order. county superintendents of schools on the ship. In fact, in most instances, we must basis of popular vote. Many times able find the essential qualities of statesmanship

Cooperation Rather than persons are selected by this method, but all in the members of the governing board

Isolationism too often the person selected may not be the before we can feel much confidence about

A third basic issue involves the problem most capable leader available. The very The very finding them in the person selected by the

of what we might call isolationism in educamethod of selection in many instances seems board to serve as its executive officer.

tion. It has been only a few years since to place a premium on qualities other than

we tried to follow the illusion of national statesmanship in education. Thus, before Planning Needed Adjustments

isolationism. The results were all but we can be assured of having the type of edu- A second basic issue arises out of one of disastrous for us and for the world. cational leadership which is needed in many

our characteristics as human beings. We Yet, look at our situation in education toStates and counties, it will be necessary for

are constantly seeking to routinize things; day. Doesn't the evidence indicate that we the citizens themselves to exercise enough to get things settled so we can continue to seem unconsciously to be rather generally statesmanship to develop a plan which will

react according to an established pattern. following the same false premise? I am be more likely to produce desirable results. But unfortunately we tend to try to settle afraid the answer must be "Yes,” but fortuWe cannot afford to continue a system that many things before the evidence is all in. nately there are many communities to which tends to inject personal or partisan politics

For example, we once concluded that ward- that simple answer does not apply. Let us into education either at the local or at the

ing off evil spirits was the way to avoid ill- consider the following aspects of the prob. State level.

ness, so for many years we centered atten- lem: But we must not blame the system of tion on trying to ward off evil spirits instead (1) The Lay Public-In many compopular election alone for our failure to of on what causes illness.

munities the schools have been run pretty have an educational statesman in every im- The basic issue is really: How can we largely by the school people, with sort of a portant position. When we look at some

keep the pattern of education from becom- "public-be-damned attitude," until greater of our college presidents and superintend- ing static before we know what is best? support is needed or serious problems arise. ents of schools who have been appointed Or to put it another

Sometimes the superintendent has even conby boards selected to represent the people, develop a program which will be constantly sidered the board a sort of necessary nuiswe know that we have fallen short some- adapted to meet the needs of a changing ance and sometimes the board has joined where. I suspect we have fallen short, in civilization?

with the superintendent and his staff in conthe first place, because the general public We develop highways and high speed sidering the general public in that category. has not clearly recognized what constitutes motor cars and, as far as most school pro

During recent years we have been brought educational statesmanship in strategic po- grams are concerned, assume that when a

to realize that the schools should be as much sitions and, in the second place, because person is old enough he will know how to

a concern of the lay public as of the educasome of the boards which have been estab. drive a car and keep it in safe operating

(Continued on page 12)

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