Free Will and Four English Philosophers: Hobbes, Locke, Hume and Mill

Burns and Oates, 1906 - 234 ˹
This book contains criticism and analysis of the works of four prominent English philosophers: Thomas Hobbs, John Locke, David Hume and John Stuart Mill.

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˹ 21 - glad tidings " that there exists a Being in whom all the excellences which the highest human mind can conceive, exist in a degree inconceivable to us, I am informed that the world is ruled by a being whose attributes are infinite, but what they are we cannot learn, nor what are the principles of his government, except that " the highest human morality which we are capable of conceiving " does not sanction them ; convince me of it, and I will bear my fate as I may.
˹ 156 - Actions are, by their very nature, temporary and perishing; and where they proceed not from some cause in the character or disposition of the person who performed them, they can neither redound to his honour if good, nor infamy if evil.
˹ 142 - ... when opposed to necessity, is nothing but the want of that determination, and a certain looseness or indifference...
˹ 134 - ... or wheel. His mind runs along a certain train of ideas : The refusal of the soldiers to consent to his escape ; the action of the executioner ; the separation of the head and body ; bleeding, convulsive motions, and death.
˹ 21 - ... the highest human morality which we are capable of conceiving does not sanction them; convince me of it and I will bear my fate as I may. But when I am told that I must believe this, and at the same time call this being by the names which I express and affirm the highest human morality, I say, in plain terms, that I will not.
˹ 78 - If this be so, (as I imagine it is,) I leave it to be considered, whether it may not help to put an end to that long agitated, and I think, unreasonable, because unintelligible question, viz. whether man's will be free or...
˹ 161 - To reconcile the indifference and contingency of human actions with prescience; or to defend absolute decrees, and yet free the Deity from being the author of sin, has been found hitherto to exceed all the power of philosophy.
˹ 187 - Necessity puts out of sight, namely, the power of the mind to co-operate in the formation of its own character, has given to its adherents a practical feeling much nearer to the truth than has generally (I believe) existed in the minds of Necessitarians.
˹ 165 - Necessity is simply this: that, given the motives which are present to an individual's mind, and given likewise the character and disposition of the individual, the manner in which he will act might be unerringly inferred: that if we knew the person thoroughly, and knew all the inducements which are acting upon him, we could foretell his conduct with as much certainty as we can predict any physical event.
˹ 142 - The necessity of any action, whether of matter or of mind, is not, properly speaking, a quality in the agent, but in any thinking or intelligent being who may consider the action ; and it consists chiefly in the determination of his thoughts to infer the existence of that action from some preceding objects...