The Indonesian Parliament and Democratization

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2008 - 238 ˹
Democratization in Indonesia has altered the political decision-making processes in many ways. It has also brought about tremendous change to the role of the Indonesian parliament in the country's political system. Once characterized as a powerless rubber stamp, the parliament has developed into a comprehensive and more representative body able to fulfil its functions more adequately. In the literature on democratic transition, the impact of parliaments on regime changes and on the democratic reorganization of the most important state institutions and regulations is usually neglected. In the Indonesian case, however, the national parliament was one of the most decisive actors and is therefore the focus of this book. The author analyses the parliament's contribution towards the process of democratization. Thus, this book contributes not only to research on the Indonesian democratization process, but also to the comparative research on parliaments in transition processes in general.


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˹ 19 - Perhaps the most common generalization linking political systems to other aspects of society has been that democracy is related to the state of economic development. The more well-to-do a nation, the greater the chances that it will sustain democracy.
˹ 21 - ... 1. Freedom to form and join organizations 2. Freedom of expression 3. Right to vote 4. Eligibility for public office 5. Right of political leaders to compete for support 5a.
˹ 25 - Civil society" can be defined as: the realm of organized social life that is voluntary, self-generating, (largely) self-supporting, autonomous from the state, and bound by a legal order or set of shared rules.
˹ 25 - society" in general in that it involves citizens acting collectively in a public sphere to express their interests, passions, and ideas, exchange information, achieve mutual goals, make demands on the state, and hold state officials accountable.
˹ 85 - In transformations those in power in the authoritarian regime take the lead and play the decisive role in ending that regime and changing it into a democratic system.
˹ 138 - Democracies become consolidated when people learn that democracy is a solution to the problem of tyranny, but not necessarily to anything else.
˹ 223 - MPR/1998 tentang Penyelenggaraan Otonomi Daerah, Pengaturan, Pembagian dan Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Nasional yang Berkeadilan, serta Perimbangan Keuangan Pusat dan Daerah Dalam Kerangka Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia.
˹ 64 - There is semiopposition by groups that are not dominant or represented in the governing group and that engage in partial criticism but are willing to participate in power without fundamentally challenging the regime.
˹ 25 - A regime does not collapse unless and until some alternative is organized in such a way as to present a real choice for isolated individuals.

ǡѺ (2008)

Patrick Ziegenhain is Senior Research Fellow at the Department of Political Science, University of Trier, Germany.