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" ... 1. Freedom to form and join organizations 2. Freedom of expression 3. Right to vote 4. Eligibility for public office 5. Right of political leaders to compete for support 5a. "
The Indonesian Parliament and Democratization - ˹ 21
Patrick Ziegenhain - 2008 - 238 ˹
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Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition

Robert A. Dahl - 2008 - 267 ˹
...political leaders to compete for votes 6. Alternative sources of information 7. Free and fair elections 8. Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference Now from examination of the list of eight institutional guarantees, it appears that they might provide...
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The Nation-State and Violence: Volume 2 of A Contemporary Critique of ...

Anthony Giddens - 1987 - 408 ˹
...Alternative sources of information 8 Elections to decide who is to hold top authority 9 Organizations for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference. The modes in which these are given concrete form obviously may vary very considerably and phrases such...
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On Measuring Democracy: Its Consequences and Concomitants

Alex Inkeles - 1991 - 234 ˹
...for support and votes, (6) alternative sources of information, (7) free and fair elections, and (8) institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference. Table 1 classifies Dahl's eight "requirements for a democracy" under either the political rights or...
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The State and the Mass Media in Japan, 1918-1945

Gregory J. Kasza - 1993 - 356 ˹
...include freedom of expression, access to alternative sources of information, free and fair elections, and institutions for making government policies depend...on votes and other expressions of preference; these requirements could not be met in the absence of autonomous media organs.43 The close logical association...
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Citizenship and Social Theory

Bryan S. Turner - 1993 - 208 ˹
...alternative sources of information (what we would call a free press), 7 free and fair elections, 8 institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference. This list, taken from Robert Dahl's Polyarchy (1971) and used by many social scientists in the past...
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The Idea of Civil Society

Adam B. Seligman - 1995 - 241 ˹
...alternative sources of information (what we would call a free press), (7) free and fair elections, and (8) institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference.1 This list, taken from Robert Dahl's Polyarchy, published in 1971 and used by many social...
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Strong Parties and Lame Ducks: Presidential Partyarchy and Factionalism in ...

Michael Coppedge - 1997 - 241 ˹
...polyarchy: universal suffrage, freedom of expression, and the formal institutions, such as legislatures, "for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference." But because all the conditions are interconnected, the parties' interference with one condition distorts...
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State Building and Democratization in Africa: Faith, Hope, and Realities

Kidane Mengisteab, Cyril Daddieh, Cyril K. Daddieh - 1999 - 295 ˹
...for support [and] ... for votes 6. alternative source of information 7. free and fair elections 8. institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference.68 These conditions "cover three main dimensions of political democracy, namely competition,...
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International Relations: Section V. The liberal peace. Section VI. Marxism

Andrew Linklater - 2000 - 2177 ˹
...vote; eligibility for public office; the right of political leaders to compete for support and votes; alternative sources of information; free and fair...policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference.16 The absence of any of these guarantees casts serious doubt on the authenticity of a regime's...
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Developments in Russian Politics 5

Stephen White, Alex Pravda, Zvi Y. Gitelman - 2001 - 332 ˹
...right to compete for support/votes; alternative sources of information; free and fair elections; and institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference (Dahl, 1971). Both definitions encompass the sources of authority for government, the purposes served...
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