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MR. JEAN HÉBRARD, of Paris, was appointed acting professor of design in the College of Architecture.

The following were also appointed to assistant professorships : P. R. Pope, German ; G. A. Everett, elocution and oratory ; A. W. Browne, chemistry ; H. D. Reed, neurology and vertebrate zoology; E. W. Kemmerer, political economy ; L. Cooper, English ; J. W. Gilmore, agriculture ; H. H. Whetzel, botany; A. D. MacGillivray, invertebrate zoology ; W. A. Riley, entomology ; L. A. Darling and G. F. Blessing, machine design ; J. G. Needham, limnology ; O. M. Leland, astronomy and geodesy; G. F. Warren, agronomy; W. A. Stocking, dairy bacteriology; and L. B. Judson, horticulture.

Other changes in the staff of instruction are noted in Appendix I of this Report.

SALARIES AND PENSIONS

This subject with other subjects of a kindred nature was discussed at length in the Report for last year (pp. 11-21). It was shown that the rapidly growing attendance at Cornell University calls for the foundation of additional professorships and assistant professorships ; that the increase in the cost of living in the United States necessitates higher salaries for professors and other teachers ; that, to achieve the highest success of which they are capable in original investigation, professors who are properly qualified for the work should be relieved of a portion of the duties now devolving upon them in the instruction of students; and that, finally, professors who are incapitated by old age or disability should be enabled to retire on a pension. Mr. Carnegie's provision for the last desideratum was also described. It only remains to add now that “The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching" has since published the rules under which retiring allowances are granted. Under these rules professors in the institutions embraced by Mr. Carnegie's gift have the same right to pensions as judges of the Supreme Court of the United States. In both cases the pension is a reward, not a charity received. Nothing could more effectively dignify the calling of the teacher, which was Mr. Carnegie's primary object. The appreciation in which Cornell University holds Mr. Carnegie's noble purpose and splendid gift was voiced in the following address which, after being engrossed, illuminated, and bound, was sent to Mr. Carnegie with the signatures of the members of the University Faculty :

“ANDREW CARNEGIE Greeting and Good Will:

In recognition of the noble purpose that found expression in the establishment and endowment of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, we, members of the Faculty of Cornell University, desire to make known to you the grateful appreciation in which we hold this unique provision for promoting the usefulness and dignity of the vocation of the teacher. To many of us it brings relief from anxiety, and to all an added sense of security : but we welcome it as well for the permanent and beneficent influence it will exert upon scholarship and teaching throughout America. May the consciousness of a service so beautiful and so enduring lend an added serenity to the many years which from our hearts we wish you. Cornell University, May, 1906."

As the rules governing the administration of the Professorial Fund which had been donated to Cornell University in 1903 by an anonymous donor provided for the retirement of professors at the age of 70 and the Carnegie Foundation permitted retirement at the age of 65, and as most professors at Cornell University will be eligible to receive both pensions, it seemed desirable to assimilate the age of retirement for a Cornell pension to the age of retirement for a Carnegie pension. With the approval of the donor of the Cornell fund this change was niade by the Board of Trustees. The result is that every professorial appointment at Cornell University expires when the professor reaches the age of 65, and the superannuated professor will then receive a Carnegie pension and may (after 1914) receive a Cornell pension also. In case, however, the University desires to retain a professor in active service after he has passed his 65th year it retains the right to reappoint him. When the reappointment expires (unless it is renewed) the professor becomes eligible for his retiring allowance. No Carnegie pension is paid to a professor who gives any of his time to the work of teaching

The following professors in Cornell University, all of whom are over 70 years of age, have been granted retiring allowances by the Carnegie Foundation: George C. Caldwell, professor of chemistry, emeritus; Hiram Corson, professor of English literature, emeritus ; Isaac P. Roberts, professor of agriculture, emeritus; Charles M. Tyler, Sage professor of history and philosophy of religion and of christian ethics, emeritus ; and Austin Flint, professor of physiology, emeritus (Medical College, New York City).

Under the rule of the Carnegie Foundation that "administrative officers of long tenure, whose salaries may be classed with those of professors and assistant professors, are considered eligible to the benefits of a retiring allowance,” a retiring allowance was also voted to Mr. C. B. Mandeville, whose illness had incapacitated him for the discharge of the duties which for twenty-seven years he had loyally and faithfully performed in the business office of the University.

NUMBER AND DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS The following table shows the number and distribution of students in the University for each year during the past six years :

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Year

Session
Winter Course
in Agriculture

1900-1901 205 755 182 110 237 421 99 23 52 183 661 424||| 94 174 2980

1901-1902 189 831 198 124 309 517

92 44 50 214 792 548% 96 309 3293

1902-1903 201 795 224 107 286 63** 1 14 70 53 253 890 548 121 331 3453

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1904-1905 211 684 228 90 316 110 189 -- 68 385 1060 619 199 318 3841 1905-1906 232 705 222 59 335 88 230'-- 81 425 1096 642 248 241 4122

* Besides in in the winter course in veterinary science.

|| Besides 30 in the summer term in entomology, 28 in the summer term in paleontology, and 18 in the summer school in medicine in New York City.

Besides 8 in the winter course in veterinary science.

& Besides 35 in the summer term iu entomology, 12 in the summer term in paleontology, and 9 in the summer school in medicine in New York City.

** Besides 3 in the winter course in veterinary science. # Besides I in the winter course in veterinary science. • Besides 33 in the summer term in entomology.

It will be seen that the total number of students, excluding all duplicates, enrolled in the University during the year from September 30th, 1905. to September 30th, 1906, was 4,122, an increase over last year's enrollment of 281. This is the first year in which the attendance exceeded 4,000. The rate of increase has been very rapid. For it was only four years ago, in 1901-1902, that the aggregate enrollment first exceeded 3,000.

The foregoing figures include both the Summer Session and the Winter School in Agriculture. Excluding these, and taking account only of students regularly enrolled during the academic year from September to June, the figures for the past six years are as follows :

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This table shows au increase in the attendance during the academic year 1905-1906 of 143 over that of 1904-1905. The Graduate Department shows a gain of 21 and the College of Arts and Sciences a gain of 21. The rest of the increase occurs in the Colleges of Engineering, Architecture, and Agriculture.

Of the 3,461 regularly enrolled students in the academic year 1905-1906, there were 371 women, who were distributed throughout the Colleges as follows: In Arts and Sciences 281, in Law 2, in Medicine 30, in Veterinary

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