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366 348

3,318 3,461

Medicine 1, in Agriculture 21, in Architecture 4, and in
the Graduate Department 32. The first academic year of
the 20th century showed the highest enrollment of women
the University ever had, namely, 400. And since that
time there has been a steady decline in the attendance of
weinen up to 1905-1906, when there was an increase of 23
over the attendance of 1904-1905. The figures are
follows:
No. of Women in

Total
Year
the University

enrollment 1900-1901.

372

2,521 1901-1902

400

2,845 1902-1903

384

3,022
1903-1904-

3,091
1904-1905
1905-1906.

371 Naturally in an institution which has between 3,000 and 4,000 men students and only between 300 and 400 women students the latter have not the same “political” or social influence as their sisters in the state universities in which the sexes are sometimes equally represented. At Cornell, too, women have occasionally complained of a certain frigidity in the atmosphere which is created by and which envelopes the undergraduate community. It is not pretended, however, that the lack of cordiality or of welcome on the part of some of the men students interferes with the educational purpose for the sake of which the women have come to Cornell. And to the fulfilment of that purpose they have as a body always devoted themselves with a zeal and diligence altogether admirable, were they not at times pushed to the verge of overwork and collapse. Meanwhile the authorities of the University have always acted on the maxim that the rights of women were at least equal to the rights of men. Complaints having been made last winter to the President that the women students were not as well treated in the Infirmary as men students, a thorough investigation was made, and, though grounds for the complaint were not discovered, instructions were given to the Superintendent to exercise the utmost care in the assignment of nurses, while certain changes have been made in the building which will add to the convenience of the quarters assigned to women. In Sage College, too, where over 200 of the women students reside, improvements in the equipment and furniture have been made with a view to making this women's home not only safe and convenient, but comfortable, agreeable, and beautiful.

The women of the University have profited also by the appointment of Dr. Emily Dunning Barringer as medical examiner. All new students (no matter of what grade) were examined, and all sophomores as well as those juniors and seniors who desired to engage in certain sports and athletics. Altogether Dr. Barringer examined 236 women, many of them more than once. And in regard to some of them she freely conferred with Miss Canfield, their instructor in physical culture, and also with Miss Loomis, the warden of Sage. Dr. Barringer's conclusions afford matter for serious reflection, if not indeed for positive alarm. She finds that “the health of the average entering woman is not good. She is apt to be run down, tired, and poorly nourished, suffering from indigestion, anæmia, etc., and not in good physical condition to take up vigorous mental work.'' Dr. Barringer also confirms the opinion often expressed by the President that the women work too hard, sometimes from love of learning or excess of ambition, sometimes also from the necessity which circumstances are supposed to impose. And, speaking of all classes examined, Dr. Barringer sums up as follows: “Many of the women need medicine, rest, and care. The vast majority of them need good constant medical supervision."

This is a situation which should not be suffered to continue. What is the use of education if the student's health is ruined in securing it? And, according to Dr. Barringer, the injury is done before the student reaches the University. She suggests, therefore, "a required health standard for admission.” A second suggestion which she makes is that the Faculty should prevent “ruthless overwork” on the part of students who have been admitted. And, thirdly, she advises for them better nourishment, which, of course, means dearer board. Perhaps these recommendations and suggestions may be quite as effective when communicated to the community in the form of professional and expert advice as they would be if enacted into mandatory rules for the guidance of women students. As they are free to board and lodge where they will, it is impossible to compel them to take better nourishment for higher pay; but a private house situated near the campus would be in a good position to try the experiment. So, again, the Faculty could not easily supervise the home studies of women students with a view to preventing overwork; but the cases may generally be reached by the watchful eyes and friendly advice of the warden, the assistant warden, and the instructor in physical culture. Finally, it may be inexpedient to set up a “ required health standard” for admission ; but advice from the medical examiner and the instructor of physical culture, founded upon actual examinations, would probably prove sufficient.

Miss Loomis has proved an admirable warden of Sage College, and she is gradually realizing her own ideal, not “as governor or watchman so much as counselor and friend." To her well-digested and very interesting report (Appendix XII), the President must refer for further information in regard to Sage College and the life of the women at Cornell.

STUDENTS' SPORTS AND PHYSICAL TRAINING

This subject was discussed at length (pp. 28-33) in the Report of last year. The teams and crews who represent the University in intercollegiate contests engross public attention, though they constitute, all told, not more than 125 students. For them the most important event of the year was the revision of the rules of football at the hands of a national and representative committee of which Professor Dennis was chairman.

Two rules of importance relative to the participation of students in Varsity Athletics have been adopted by the University Faculty. They have the effect of excluding freshmen from Varsity contests and otherwise decreasing the time during which a student may take part in the major branches of sport.

Rule I as adopted in the meeting of the University Faculty April 6th, 1906, reads as follows :

"No student shall represent the University on a Varsity Athletic team until he has been in residence at the University one year.'

Rule II as adopted in a meeting of the University Faculty May 6th, 1906, is as follows:

"No student shall represent the University on a Varsity athletic team in the four maiy branches of sport (rowing, baseball, football, track athletics):

a. For more than three years including therein any years in which he has represented another college or university in any of these branches ;

b. After the class with which he entered this or another institution has graduated unless he has been out of residence one or more terms for reasons other than failure in work or breach of discipline."

But the University has a much deeper concern in the sports and recreations of the great body of students. And the President reports with much gratification the completion for their use of the first playground on the Alumni Field, on which the alumni and old students have spent over $15,000. This playground comprises about seven and a half acres, and about fourteen acres remain for additional playgrounds. The rest of the Alumni Field (which consists approximately of fifty-seven acres of land immediately cast of the campus) is to be used for athletic purposes ; and of this the alumni have rough-graded over twenty-three acres at a cost of about $17,000. For their successful achievement the Alumni Committee, of which Mr. George W. Bacon is chairman, deserves the hearty thanks of all friends of the University.

For the further encouragement of sports and recreations for the general student body Mr. John Henry Barr, '89, an Alumni Trustee, has presented a cup to be held during the succeeding year by the College of Cornell University whose eight oar crew shall win the championship of the University in an annual regatta. In furtherance of this plan Mr. F. C. Tomlinson, '74, has provided an eight-oar boat for the College of Civil Engineering. A gift having a similar object was made by Mr. Willard Beahan, '78. He has generously offered a cup to be held by the champion in an annual series of football contests between the four classes.

There is still greatly needed for the physical training of the general student body a gymnasium for indoor exercise in winter aud a boathouse with plenty of boats for use during the rest of the year. At present the great majority of the students get little benefit from Cayuga Lake.

Freshmen and sophomores are required to take systematic physical and military training, and other students may elect it. Professor Young's success in training them by means of gymnastic exercises and outdoor sports has been recognized by his promotion to the permanent headship of the department of physical culture. Too much praise can

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