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not be given to Captain Barton for the improvement and extension which he has effected in military instruction, both theoretical and practical. And he is able to report that Cornell University, relieved of the necessity of asking for exemptions, “is now complying with the laws, regulations, and instructions of the War Department governing the military instruction at educational institutions where are detailed officers of the army.” Freslimen are required to take military training ; but it was a very encouraging circumstance that when the year opened 116 students above the grade of freshmen elected this course.

METHODS OF ADMISSION

The Committee on Admission by Certificate recommended the withdrawal of the certificate privilege from private schools. The Faculty referred the recommendation to the Committee on University Policy for further consideration and report. Some facts pertinent to the case will be found in the report of the Dean of the University Faculty (Appendix II, pp. VIII-X). As the College Entrance Examination Board now holds examinations at 141 points, the inconvenience resulting from the withdrawal of the certificate privilege from private schools would be greatly reduced. But the question has other aspects and deserves, as it will doubtless receive, careful consideration before final action is taken.

Certificates issued to graduates of the schools of the City of New York will hereafter be accepted for admission to Cornell University in all subjects approved by the department concerned.

The fuller recognition of science work in the high schools which was discussed in last year's Report (pp. 37-39) has been effected along the lines there suggested. For such work in physics and chemistry (which are the only sciences concerned) credit towards a University degree will be given on the passing of satisfactory examinations by the candidates. For mere admission po examination is necessary if the student's certificate and note-books are found satisfactory.

THE GRADUATE DEPARTMENT The attendance in the Graduate Department which was 197 in 1903-1904 and 211 in 1904-1905 rose to 232 in 19051906. Of course this does not include the 262 graduates who are registered in undergraduate and professional courses. The members of the Graduate Department represent as usual a very large number of colleges and universities, American and foreign. In the last eighteen years 1,620 graduate students have been enrolled, and the institutions they came from numbered 207.

Of the 232 graduates in the Graduate Department 41 were candidates for the A. M. degree and 116 for the Ph.D. Of the former 13 and of the latter 19 received their diplomas at commencement. At the same time five master's degrees in engineering and u in agriculture were also conferred. In engineering the members of the faculties incline to the opinion that original investigation is most advantageously conducted after the candidate has had practical experience in the work of his profession. Hence the number of students in engineering who enter the Graduate Department is small and of these very few go beyond the first year, which is mainly a continuation of undergraduate methods of instruction. In the arts and sciences, on the other hand, and also in agriculture (so far as the basal sciences are concerned) the student of ability who receives a first degree is encouraged to go on at once with work in the Graduate Department-work, which in the last year or two, takes on the character of independent investigation. Such students (mentioning only groups of 10 or more members) selected in 1905-1906 their major subjects as follows : in philosophy there were 13, in history and political science 21, in mathematics 14, in physics 18, in chemistry 31, in botany 13, in entomology 10, and in the agricultural sciences 31. Latin and Greek were elected as major subjects by nine graduate students.

THE COLLEGES (1) In the College of Arts and Sciences there were 705 undergraduates in 1905-1906, a gain of 21 over the attendance in 1904-1905. The completion and dedication of Goldwin Smith Hall for the exclusive use of the Arts departments render the year a memorable one in the history of the College. Languages and literature, history and political science, mental and moral philosophy have always been taught at Cornell, and taught by accomplished professors; but hitherto the work has been done in different buildings, no hall ever having been assigned exclusively to these humanistic departments or to any division of them. Henceforth they can boast the largest, the most beautiful, the best equipped, and the most imposingly located hall on the campus.

The Goldwin Smith Hall has a frontage toward the west of 384 feet, and the north and south ends measure 160 feet. In the interior the ground floor of the principal building is devoted to the Museum of Casts, the generous and beautiful gift of the late Henry W. Sage, and the main floor above it has been assigned to the departments of Greek and English, while the Latin department gets the first floor of the south wing, and the German department the first floor of the north wing. The next story of the main building has been assigned to the President White School of History and Political Science and to the department of education, and the corresponding story of the north and south wings has been assigned respectively to the departments of French

and to the Sage School of Philosophy (which at last secures a home worthy of Mr. Sage's munificient endowment). The central portion of the attic has been finished as a reading and study room for the use of students when not engaged in the class rooms. Every department has class rooms of its own and there are also three large general class rooms which accommodate from 175 to 250 students. Finally, the Hall contains, not only the Dean's offices, but also offices or studies for all the professors and assistant professors in the Arts departments.

The dedication of the Goldwin Smith Hall took place in commencement week. The illustrious scholar whose name it bears, the ever-constant friend of Cornell University, in spite of his four score years, came from Toronto to give the address of dedication, which, while a model of domestic informality, was also a message of moving eloquence and quickening inspiration. The high note he struck was nobly maintained by Mr. Richard Watson Gilder, whose impassioned speech finally burst the shackles of prose and poured itself forth in elevated poetry. There was also an admirably written paper by Dean Crane giving an exhaustive history of the College. The only other speaker was the President, who made a brief opening address.

Mr. Goldwin Smith on the following day at the urgent invitation of the alumni spoke at their banquet, and at commencement, by special request, he also addressed the graduating classes. Rarely, if ever, has a speaker impressed himself more profoundly on an academic community. Gifts, attainments, fame, character, largeness and clarity of vision, unceasing aspiration, and, finally, affection for Cornell University and interest in Cornell graduates and students combined to draw all minds and hearts to the eponymous scholar whose service to the University began a generation ago and whose name will remain for generations

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to come an ideal for the scholars who cultivate letters, philosophy, history, and politics in the Goldwin Smith Hall which he so fittingly dedicated.

The housing of the Arts departments in the Goldwin Smith Hall will of necessity develop among the teachers in those departments a deeper consciousness of unity and community of interest, work, and ideals. This is a consummation greatly to be desired at Cornell, especially in view of the admirable esprit de corps which already animates the professional and technical colleges. A real schola litterarum humaniorum should now emerge even though in name and administrative mechanism it remains a division of the College of Arts and Sciences. This schola will be the home and organ of the humanities at Cornell. It is the humanistic touch that makes the Arts departments all akin. A recognition of this unity and solidarity is apparent in the action taken by the Trustees, on the recommendation of the President, placing the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences in charge of Goldwiu Smith Hall. The Dean observes that he cannot properly perform this duty without being in touch with the educational work of all the Arts departments. A way accordingly seems to be opening up for the development of that more efficient organization in the "College of Arts'' at which the Trustees especially aimed by the resolution of December uth, 1903, which, however, as worded, failed to secure the approval of the Faculty. Indeed the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences explicitly recognizes in his report the need of reorganization and leadership. The magnitude of the scientific departments, their isolation and separate laboratories, the heterogeneity of their subject-matter, and their vital relation to the technical and professional colleges mark them off as autonomous entities, some of which, for administrative purposes, might fairly be compared with the Arts group

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