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inconvenience is now greatly diminished by the examinations of the College Entrance Examination Board which in 1905 were held at 141 points, of which 5 were in Europe. The number of students taking these examinations is rapidly increasing. The total number of candidates examined in 1905 was 2,077, an increase of 260 over the number examined in 1904, and 457 over the corresponding number for 1903. In 1905 308 candidates announced their intention to enter Cornell University, an increase of 57 since 1904.

A certain number of the public schools of New York State are not under the system of Regents' examinations, but have local systems of their own. This is the case with the Greater New York schools and those of Rochester, Syracuse, and some other cities. It was felt by the committee that these schools should be placed upon the same basis with the public schools under the Regents’ system, and it was decided that certificates in favor of graduates of Greater New York City schools who pass the (Maxwell) examinations be accepted in all subjects approved by the department concerned at Cornell, and further, that the English Department be authorized to waive the entrance examination for candidates graduated from a full four years' course in the public schools of New York, Rochester, Syracuse, and other cities of this state not under the Regents' system.

2. STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS. (Cp. President's Reports for 1899-1900, pp. 14-15 and 72-74 ; 1900

1901, pp. x-xi ; 1901–1902, pp. ix-xi ; 1902-1903, pp. ix-xi; and 1903-1904, pp. 11-13.)

During the current year the business of the Committee on Student Organizations has consisted chiefly in the determination of leaves of absence and the excuses from drill granted to members of athletic teams.

In my report for 1904-1905, page XI, I stated that it was proposed to try for the ensuing year a new mode of procedure in regard to the absences of students on account of athletics. Not more than seven days of absence were to be allowed to any individual from the opening of the academic year to the first of April and not more than seven from the first of April to the close of the academic year. This procedure has been carried out and a careful record kept of the individual leaves of abence in the Office of the Registrar, where it is accessible to members of the Faculty. It is to soon perhaps to pronounce upon the success of the new mode of procedure, but it has already proved beneficial in the case of students who are members of various organizations, athletic and otherwise, in reducing the number of absences which would have been granted under the old system.

It has not been thought expedient to continue the tabular statement formerly given of leaves of absence grante

to various organizations as it does not follow that the organizations avail themselves of the full number of days of absence granted by the Committee on Student Organizations.

The following recommendation of the committee was approved by the University Faculty.

"No leaves of absence shall be granted to athletic teams to compete with other than representatives of educational institutions."

In regard to students excused from drill on account of athletics, with the approval of the commandant, it may be stated that such students are required to take a corresponding amount of physical culture under university supervision. The work done in athletics is credited so far as it goes, and the balance of time due for physical culture is completed in the gymnasium under the supervision of the Department of Physical Culture.

The following important changes in the rules governing athletics were made during the year by the Faculty upon the reommendation of the Committee on Student Organizations.

I. No student shall represent the University on a 'Varsity athletic team until he has been in residence one year.

II. No student shall represent the University on a 'Varsity athletic team in the four main branches of sport (rowing, baseball, football, track athletics) :

For more than three years including therein any years in which he has represented another college or university in any of those branches;

b. After the class with which he entered this or another institution has graduated unless he has been out of residence for one or more terms for reasong other than failure in work or breach of discipline.

In applying rule II a and b, only those years are to be counted which are regarded as an equivalent of the college years in this University

The object of these rules is to prevent freshmen from representing the University on 'Varsity athletic teams and to make three years the normal time in which students may represent the University on 'Varsity athletic teams in the four main branches of sport.

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For the constitution of the Committee on Student Conduct see Dean's Report, 1902-1903, p. XI.

The vacancy caused by the resignation of Professor W. E. Mott was filled by the election of Professor W. W. Rowlee. The committee has dealt almost exclusively during the year with cases of fraud in examination, and has removed from the Universfty, usually for the remainder of the year, those who were found guilty. The number of students so removed has been smaller than during the preceding years, but it is doubtful whether a decrease in the commission of fraud in examination can be inferred from this. Lax notions on the subject prevail in the secondary schools from which a large number of new students enter the University from year to year, and it is exceedingly difficult to promote proper feelings on the subject throughout the student body. I have always felt that if the matter could be taken up by the various student organizations, fraternities, etc., and the offender could be made to feel that besides punishment on the part of the University he would also incur the disfavor of his fellow students, it might be hoped to uproot the offense. Another difficulty arises from the varying methods of conducting examinations in the different departments. In some there is a more or less strict supervision of the students during the examinations, in others the students are left with little or no supervision. As it does not seem possible to revive the former so-called honor system, it is greatly to be desired that there should some uniform method of supervising examinations.

The only University rule on the subject is that passed January

8, 1904.

“Resolved, for the purposes of securing order in examinations and avoiding unnecessary temptation it is directed that in each examination students be seated in alternate seats and if possible in alternate rows of seats, and that at least one professor or instructor be always present in the examination room.”

As many of the examinations involve large numbers of students it will be seen that the above rule even if carried out exactly would be inadequate to prevent fraud. It is to be feared that a considerable number of cases of fraud are undetected and that the management of examinations does not materially reduce the temptation to which students are exposed of giving or asking for aid in examinations.

Cases of disorderly conduct on the part of students have been very rare during the present year, and on the whole the conduct of the great mass of students, both within and without the University, has been exemplary.

In my last report I stated that the only serious breach of good order had been in connection with the annual freshman banquet and pointed out the difficulty of dealing with the matter. This year the University Faculty referred the matter to the President with the request that "he prohibit the banquet unless there be assurances of all cessation of interference on the part of the sophomores or other students.” Further, "that should there be any breach of these assurances, the banquet be then prohibited.'

In accordance with this action the President of the University called the students together in the armory and explained to them the reasons of the action of the Faculty.

As no assurances were given by the sophomore class that they would not interfere with the freshman banquet, if held, the banquet was abandoned by the freshmen without any further action on the part of the President. Some slight disorder resulted from a desire on the part of the underclasses to show their disapproval of the action of the Faculty, but in general the action of the Faculty was accepted by the large mass of students without opposition. In my report for last year I stated that the principal difficulty in dealing with the subject is due to the fact that the sophomores and freshmen claim that they are actuated by no unfriendly feelings and that this removes disturbances connected with the freshmen banquet from the category of hazing. This view is confirmed in an interesting way by the fact that the banquet was abandoned by the freshmen as soon as it was found that it must be held, if held at all, without interference on the part of the sophomore class. It is greatly to be hoped that the most serious cause of disturbances in the University has been finally eliminated.

4. GRADUATE DEPARTMENT.

At the first Faculty meeting of the year, October 6, 1905, a new standing committee was created to be known as the Committee on University Policy, consisting of the President, the Dean of the University Faculty, and the Deans of the special faculties, ex-officio. There already existed appropriate standing committees for the consideration of certain classes of University business, and it was felt that an additional committee for the consideration of matters of general University policy would prove of value. This committee will properly consider questions concerning the different colleges of the University and questions of general University policy.

On the uth of April, 1906, a special session of the University Faculty considered the subject of the needs and prospects of the Graduate Department, and a special committee was appointed to consider and report upon the following matters in relation to the Graduate Department.

(a) The publication of a separate announcement of courses for the Graduate Department.

(b) A more thorough organization of the Department.

(c) Deficiencies in professorships and equipment to meet the just demands of graduate students.

(d) The utility and the need of fellowships and scholarships. (e) Publication of investigations.

This special committee was appointed but has not yet presented a report.

In my report for 1904-1905, page xvii, I mentioned an important rule in connection with graduate work which was passed by the Faculty on the 3d of March, 1905. This rule concerned work done by resident graduates not during the regular sessions of the University between September and June and required that special permission should be obtained in order that such work should be credited toward a egree. This rule was amended November 3d, 1905 (Records, p. 315), to read as follows:

“In order that work by resident graduates may be credited towards a degree it must be performed after registration during the regular sessions of the University, between September and June. No work in residence at any other time of the year will be credited except in cases where permission has been obtained from the University Faculty before the work is undertaken. Application for such permission must be filed with the Dean of the University Faculty on or before the first day of June of the summer in which the work is to be taken, and must contain a detailed statement of the conditions under which such work is to be performed, and bear the approval of the professor in charge, as well as of the special committees."

The question involved in the above action is an exceedingly important and perplexing one. The practice of crediting work during the summer arose partly from the fact that graduates of this and other colleges taking work in the summer school desired to receive

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