The instruction in general Pathology and Bacteriology for Medical students has been most satisfactory this year. The methods of instruction have been outlined in previous reports. The general course as well as the advanced ones have been taken advantage of hy a number of students in Arts and in other technical colleges of the University. Many additions have been made to the material for teaching Pathology in both microscopic and gross specimens. Several important pieces of advanced work have been undertaken pertaining to the practical application of recent discoveries, to the rapid diagnosis of rabies and of glanders, and investigation of the sediment in milk.

Dr. Moore gave at the beginning of the college year, before the University, a most successful lecture on "Personal Hygiene”, and during the Easter vacation at the request of Dean Polk, he delivered two lectures on "The Relation of the Diseases of Animals to the Diseases of Man." The registration of Medical students in the department of Pathology and Bacteriology has been as follows:

Course 40, General Pathology -
Course 23, Bacteriology-

19 Dr. Wilder's work in Neurology is now given in the second term of the second year. The course will hereafter be designated Morphology of the Brain, and will be divided into two parts, Course 3, lectures, and course 3a, practicums. At his request, since it was not possible to transfer this work to the first year, the work was made elective for Medical students but those who do not elect it are required to substitute an equal amount of work in course 8, Structure, Development and Physiology of the Nervous System. Besides Neurology, students in the five years Medical and the seven years Arts Medical are recommended to take the other courses in Dr. Wilder's department.

The work in Physics, was this year, all given in the first term and, as I pointed out in my last report, this is a distinct advantage. Professor Nichols is more than ever of the opinion that Medical students should receive laboratory instruction in Physics and it is to be hoped that with the completion of Rockefeller Hall, special courses in Physics for Medical students may be offered which shall include laboratory instruction.

The work in Surgery, Medicine and Obstetrics has been normal and satisfactory. At the request of Capt. Barton, Dr. Tinker gave three lectures before the students of the University on“First Aid to the Injured.”

Although the improvements in the Medical College this year have been satisfactory, there are many pressing needs both in a material way as regards equipment and also for additional professors and instructors, and it is to be hoped that the Medical College at Ithaca may soon receive a sufficient independent endowment so that it may keep its place among the front rank of the Medical Colleges of the country both as to teaching and as to research.

Respectfully submitted,


Secretary of the Ithaca Division of the Medical College.




To the President of the University:

SIR—The year 1905 to 19 6 has fairly met expectations as regards the numbers and quality of the students in attendance. For the two previous years the increase in numbers has been more than we could desire with our present equipment, and a continuous growth in the same ratio was to be viewed with apprehension rather than gratification, since laboratory training is the predominant part of our work and rapidly growing numbers would have demanded a corresponding addition to our accommodations and instructing staff. Our attendance for the last three years may be tabulated as follows :

1903-04 1904-05 1905-06 Veterinary students of the ist year


19 Veterinary students of the 2nd year.

23 26 42


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For years it had been realized that the time was propitious for a substantial addition to our entrance requirements, and accordingly the entering class of the present year were required to present four years of successful high school work instead of two years as heretofore. As anticipated in last year's report there was a marked decrease in students of the first year entering under the new rules, the numbers falling from 58 in 1904 to 19 in 1905. Owing to this mainly the total number of students working for a veterinary degree was reduced from 108 in the previous year to 88 in the present one.

A decrease was expected under the circumstances, and hoped for, as it would enable us to do fuller justice to the students in attendance, while on the other hand it brings a better prepared and a more capable class of men under the influence of this fuller college instruction. The final result will be the furnishing of a better educated, stronger and more valuable veterinarian, who will raise the profession to a higher status, to the profit alike of the practitioner and the stock owner.

The marked falling off in the present freshman class is easily explained by the fact, that the intention of raising the entrance requirements in 1905 had been announced two years before. As a result of this, candidates, who could furnish the two years of high school work, seized the opportunity of entering college before the rise had taken effect, and thus the numbers who entered in 1903 and 1904 were in excess of the normal regular increase. It follows that of those desiring to enter the veterinary profession, a lesser nnmber were fully prepared and available for the present year, and the same condition will operate to keep within limits the entering class of 1906. By 1907 there will have been time for the fuller preparation by new candidates, and in that and succeeding years we may therefore hope for a return toward our former numbers and a similar steady normal increase thereafter.

Then we may contemplate our long expected extension of the course to four years, and the placing of the profession upon the elevated plane to which it is entitled by reason of the numerous genera of its patients and the wide range of studies which it exacts.

A movement is on foot, and advocated by the only other veterinary college in the State, the New-York-American, looking toward the lowering of the requirements for the veterinary degree in this State, on the ground of the alleged need of a larger influx of veterinary students and graduates to meet the steady depletion in the ranks of practitioners. This is regretable, coming as it does at the critical moment when the matriculation requirements are being increased, and when the resulting decrease in the classes gives apparent support to the argument, but it can only be looked on as a step backward and downward, and therefore one to be opposed at all hazards. The better and more thorough education, though a transient deterrent to the youth who aims mainly at a cheap diploma, and an easy entrance on a lucrative living, is that which is alone compatible with the increasing breadth and depth of the science and literature, and which will bring to the live stock industry the medical help to which it is entitled. A steadfast hold on what makes for knowledge and skill, may be trying at the outset, in the face of a short sighted opposition, clamorous for immediate returns, but will in the end bring a far more substantial and enduring prosperity alike in increasing classes and in the worth of the graduates.


Dr. Hopkins, like Professor Gage, is outspoken in praise of the entering class of the present year, attributing their unusual, all-over excellence largely to the better preparation which they have had in the high school. The improvement has been in the general average, the less fit have been eliminated by the higher requirements. Another point especially insisted on by Dr. Hopkins, is the distraction of the student by outside interests operating as an element which retards his advancement. Our course, being tuition-free to New York State students, offers a temptation to ambitious young men to eke out a scanty purse by outside work. Though a very worthy ambition it accords badly with an especially exacting curriculum, which our three year course pronouncedly is. Otherwise the smaller entering class has permitted a closer supervision and more thorough training of the students, and left opportunity for research work which has been profitably availed of. Dr. English has made a special investigation of the anatomy of the sinuses of the bovine head, involving numerous hitherto unrecognized points bearing on pathology and surgery, while Messrs. Chamberlain and Hills have engrossed in a common thesis a long series of photographs of sections of frozen horses, vertical and horizontal, which in themselves constitute a most elaborate, true and natural exhibit of equine anatomy.

For work of this kind as well as for the regular work of the class, Dr. Hopkins greatly desires a first class photographic camera and a series of models to cost in the aggregate about $200.00. PHYSIOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY, MATERIA MEDICA AND

THERAPEUTICS Dr. Fish reports a most successful year, the reduced numbers in the entering class, permitting a closer supervision, and, together with the better preparation, securing a more uniform progress. The large class of last year however demanded a separation into two sections, yet with the enthusiastic assistance of Dr. McNair and Mr. Backus the results were all that could be desired.

Dr. Fish again draws attention to the great need for further accommodation for patients and reiterates his opinion that a cheap barn erected in the paddock, might be used to shelter subjects, until means could be obtained to provide a new medical ward.

COMPARATIVE PATHOLOGY AND BACTERIOLOGY In these subjects the work has been more than usually strenuous by reason of the unprecedentedly large number of students in the junior and senior classes and the continued illness of Dr. Mack. The difficulties have been successfully surmounted and relief will be secured in the coming year, by the smaller class entering in 1905. A new course in Special Pathology was inaugurated, as a means of preparing the student for the better study of infectious diseases.

The department has had a constantly increasing demand for tuberculin, mallein and anthrax immunizing serum and for the supply of the first of these it has now reached its full capacity. With an increasing demand the supply of a new thermostat is imperative.

A number of advanced students have carried on the work of research in various liues, such as; the relation of bacteria to milk sediment; the agglutination method for the diagnosis of glanders ; and the Negri bodies as a means of rapid diagnosis in rabies.

Dr. Moore urgently requires for an additional thermostat $100.00,

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