Ҿ˹˹ѧ
PDF
ePub

Kappa celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of its foundation. The principal feature was an address-a wise and thoughtful address—in Sage Chapel by President Eliot of Harvard, whom the entire University community received with the acclaim and honor befitting his character, standing, and high achievements as an educator.

Synchronously with this celebration the annual meeting of the New York State Association of Colleges and Universities was held at Cornell. There were present representatives of the following colleges and universities : Alfred University, Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, Canisius College, the College of the City of New York, Columbia University, Fordham University, Hobart College, Manhattan College, the Normal College of the City of New York, Rochester University, St. Angela College, St. Francis Xavier College, St. John's College, Union College, the University of the State of New York, Wells College, and Cornell University. The subjects under discussion during the two days session were Liberal Culture and Athletics. President Eliot took part in the discussion on athletics and clearly and forcibly set forth his views and criticisms. Later in the day there was a boat race on Cayuga Lake between the crews of Harvard and Cornell, to which the members of the Association were invited by the management. They were further entertained by the University at two luncheons and also in automobile rides about the campus and its surroundings. The delegates showed great appreciation of the hospitality they had received. Altogether it was felt that good feeling and fellowship had been promoted among the colleges and universities of the State.

There have been many occasions of mentioning the part played last year by the new Goldwin Smith Hall in the work of liberal education at Cornell. Its service to æsthetic culture should not be passed over in silence. The Hall itself has been described by a well-known writer as one of the very few beautiful collegiate buildings in America. But it is not only its external architecture that gratifies the lover of beauty. Inside, the front rooms of the ground floor throughout the entire length of the building-380 feet -are devoted to the museum of casts of Greek and Roman sculpture, which Mr. E. P. Andrews with astonishing ingenuity, watchfulness, and toil succeeded in removing from McGraw Hall without any damage. The museum, with its wealth of beautiful casts admirably arranged and amply spaced, is a veritable school of æsthetic culture for students in all departments, to whom it stands open all day and every day. To make it of still more educational value all the statues should be labeled and a brief catalogue should be published.

Not only through the plastic arts, but through pictures also has Goldwin Smith Hall during the past year contributed to the æsthetic life of the University. Mr. Childe Hassam generously lent fourteen of his best pictures, which Professor Brauner, through whose agency the loan was secured, hung for exhibition in the Faculty room and adjoining room of Goldwin Smith Hall. They were seen by hundreds of students, professors, and others, many of whom returned again and again to enjoy their wonderful beauty of form and light and color. In recognition of this appreciation Mr. Hassam kindly allowed the pictures to remain twice as long as originally planned. It is hoped that his generous example will be followed by other artists and that annual exhibitions of paintings, taking only one American artist at a time, may become a feature of future years. The President desires officially to thank Mr. Hassam for his active and unselfish interest in art education at Cornell and to assure him that the generous loan of his own paintings was highly appreciated. After Mr. Hassam the University is indebted to Professor Brauner for the refined and elevated pleasure which through the exhibition was afforded to all its members.

With architecture, sculpture, painting, and poetry last year music was also united in Goldwin Smith Hall. The big amphitheatre was the training place of the student choirs which rendered such fine music at the annual festival in April. Thanks to Professor Dann, fine music is now habitual at the Sunday services in Sage Chapel and on all University occasions. A student who lives four years in this atmosphere of art-plastic, pictorial, poetic, and musical-must be strangely obtuse if, along with scholarship and intellectual training, he does not carry away with him some ästhetic culture, some interest in art, some love of beauty, which, like gold shot through silk, will enrich and brighten all his subsequent life.

THE WORK IN PURE SCIENCE

The work in pure science has been facilitated by an extension of laboratories and class-rooms affecting several departments. The largest gain came to physics with the transfer to Rockefeller Hall, a building for instruction and research in physics which is larger and better suited for its purposes than that possessed by any other university in America. The department of mathematics has been admirably housed in White Hall where class-rooms and offices have now been fitted up for the instructing staff in accordance with the plans of the professors. The department of general invertebrate zoology and entomology has been provided with spacious and well-lighted quarters in the main building of the new group erected for the College of Agriculture. McGraw Hall, after its evacuation by the museum of casts, has at considerable expense been remodeled to furnish additional rooms to the departments of geology and physical geography. Already the departments of physiology, anatomy, and histology were ideally accommodated in Stimson Hall. So that only the department of botany is now in pressing need of a new laboratory, its present scanty quarters in Sage College being altogether inadequate and in demand too to increase the capacity of Sage as a lodging place for women students. If, however, one looks forward a short time, it will be obvious that the rapidly growing department of chemistry cannot for many years longer be contained in Morse Hall, which it is now filling almost to the utmost limits.

The departments of science, speaking generally, are committed to three or perhaps to four kinds of work. They are expected to cultivate research and investigation, to give instruction to students in technical and professional courses in which the sciences are prescribed, to teach elementary science to undergraduates who take the subject as a means of general culture, and to conduct through more advanced and specialized courses those students who, without planning to go so far as graduate work, yet desire to know more of the subject than is given either in the courses for beginners or the courses prescribed for students in the technical colleges.

How successfully are the departments of science discharging this fourfold function? The question is one of vital importance to Cornell University. And, as no department is to be mentioned by name, the question may be considered with the utmost frankness. If evils are to be eliminated, the first step is to recognize their existence.

The President believes that, with rare exceptions, the departments of science in Cornell University are unusually successful in the discharge of the first and last of the four functions mentioned above. Graduate students who devote themselves to research and undergraduates who

take advanced work almost always find here the stimulus, the guidance, and the instruction they need and desire. And when they complete their studies they go out as living epistles of the University to be known and read of all men. Here is what one department of Cornell University is able to report :

“The students who have taken advanced degrees in physics in the past have in a large majority of cases become teachers of physics in colleges and technical schools. In this state the professorship of physics is held by a Cornell man at Columbia, Hamilton, Colgate, and Rochester. In the state universities of Wisconsin, Indiana, Missouri, North Dakota, Utah, and Florida the head of the physics department is from Cornell, as well as in Purdue University, Tulane, and Winnipeg. Head professorships in electrical engineering are held by men who were graduate students here, with physics as their major study, at Massachusetts Institute, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Ohio State University, Purdue, University of Minnesota, and Stanford. If we were to include the younger men holding assistant professorships and instructorships, and those in secondary school work, this list of former graduate students at Cornell who now hold important teaching positions would be greatly increased.”

Other departments could undoubtedly make a similar showing, if not in all cases so striking and impressive. Even the new department of experimental psychology (to take an example outside the domain of physical and natural science) has, besides establishing a reputation for its investigations, furnished professors to a goodly number of state universities in the west and to colleges in the east. But there is no need of laboring the point. In the matter of research and advanced instruction the work of the departments of science at Cornell University is perhaps unexcelled.

There remain, however, for consideration the other two functions with which these departments are charged : the instruction of beginners in science and the more extensive instruction given to students in the technical colleges. The latter involves many hundreds of students. But with the large lecture rooms and laboratories which the University now possesses there is no difficulty in suitably accommodat

« ͹˹Թõ
 »