work at all. The laboratory for the testing of materials has been restored to its former condition.

The large building in the court has been rendered fire proof for the accommodation of all experimental apparatus connected with internal combustion engines. The old equipment will be transferred during the summer and very considerable additions of modern gas producers and engines will be made during the coming year. The mechanical laboratory is the one department of Sibley College where the work suffers for lack of room. The urgent need for more space would be met if a shop building were provided, leaving the present shop quarters for laboratory expansion.

In electrical experimental engineering the course for seniors is now well organized and in satisfactory operation. The course for juniors, included in the original plan, will be given for the first . time next year. Laboratories in the basement of Franklin Hall have been prepared during the present year and the instructing force has been increased for the carrying on of this junior work.

RESEARCH During the past two years an investigation for the accurate determination of the specific heat of superheated steam has been carried on, and results from this work are now available which are of very great value in connection with the design of modern steam-turbines. It is considered a matter of great importance to have some work of investigation under way at all times in Sibley College and it is hoped that this work may grow in amount and usefulness so that we may eventually have here a laboratory of engineering research.


In the department of power engineering important changes have been made in the course. The work in thermodynamics has been changed to the junior year because a knowledge of this subject is necessary to the work of the senior year. It has been incorporated with the course in steam machinery, which has been increased from a four hour course for a half year to a three hour course throughout the year. The work following this in the senior year is now a treatment of power station design with a view to producing the maximum profit on investment.

The need of the modern engineer for an understanding of the problems involved in the design, construction and operation of internal combustion engines and steam turbines has been recognized, and

provision is made to meet this need by giving the following courses:a lecture course on internal combustion engines ; a lecture course on the development and transmission of gas fuel; a drawing room course in the design of internal combustion engines; a lecture course on steam turbines ; a drawing room course in the design of steam turbines. Additional equipment also has been purchased to give increased scope to the experimental work on internal combustion engines and steam turbines.


A one hour lecture course with reports, given in the College of Arts and Sciences, treating of elementary economics, transportation and labor problems, has been made a required sub for seniors in Sibley College. It is believed that an understanding of these subjects is as much a part of the equipment of an engineer as any technical subject in the course, and it is hoped in the future to increase the amount of required work along this line.

The need of the modern engineer for a training much broader than that given by purely technical study is now quite generally recognized. The difficulty of giving anything in a four years' technical course besides technical work is also recognized. It is hoped to accomplish something in this direction by the following plan : in the freshman year a student is only allowed to take the prescribed work; if he proves to be a strong student, however, he may take in the second year, in addition to the prescribed work of seventeen or eighteen hours, an additional three hours which may be elected in any part of the University. Similarly, outside electives may be taken in the junior and senior years, so that a strong student in the technical work may be able to carry during his course thirteen or fourteen hours of work outside of his course. Many students will elect work in the College of Arts and Sciences that is closely akin to the technical work, like physics and chemistry, while others (and it is hoped that this may become a large class) may elect subjects that have no direct bearing upon engineering, but which tend to lead toward broadening thought. This of course only applies to the strong students and therefore it can accomplish only a part of the desired result.


During the past two years members of the University Faculty have been asked to give special lectures before the students of Sibley College upon subjects having no direct relation to the technical work. They have given these lectures cheerfully, even when some personal sacrifice was involved. The students have shown a very deep interest in these lectures. This special course will be continued and it is hoped that its effect will be to start an interest in the minds of many students of Sibley College which shall lead them to extended reading and broader culture.


In last year's report the question of a reading room and department library was briefly discussed. During the past year the material constituting the museum on the first floor of the center section of Sibley College has been rearranged and a portion of it has been distributed to the departments where it could be more conveniently and effectively used. The result of this change has been to make available a large room in which tables and chairs have been placed. This room has been used during the latter part of the year very generally as a study room, and it will be used next year also for a department library. It is hoped that this will contribute to the increased effectiveness of the work.


The establishment of a club room was also mentioned in the report of last year. The Mechanical Engineers' Society and the Electrical Engineers' Society have been this year conibined into one organization under the name of the Sibley College Club. This club is to have charge of interests that concern the students of Sibley College apart from instruction, and it is hoped that it may have a considerable influence upon the social needs of the students. It is proposed to have meetings in the reading room on certain appointed evenings with simple informal programs of a non-technical nature. Two enthusiastic meetings were held near the end of the past year and the success of these meetings should augur well for the future usefulness of the club.

Copies of the reports of the departments of Sibley College accom pany this report.

Respectfully submitted,

Director of the Sibley College of Mechanical Engineering and

Mechanic Arts



To the President of the University :

SIR :--I have the honor to present my second annual report as Director of the Summer Session.


The teaching staff of the present year consisted of sixteen professors, twenty-five assistant professors, sixteen instructors, and eleven assistants. Of the forty-one teachers of professorial grade twenty-nine were members of the Cornell University Faculty and twelve were from abroad. These were George E. Condra, professor of geology, University of Nebraska; Stanley Coulter, professor of biology, Purdue University ; Arthur D. Dean, now engaged as expert investigator of industrial education in New England; Charles W. Furlong, well known in literary and art circles; William H. Glasson, professor of history and economics in Trinity College, Durham, N. C.; Charles A. McMurry, professor of theory and practice, Illinois State Normal School, DeKalb, Ill.; Theodore C. Mitchill and Charles M. Stebbins, both of the department of English, Boys' High School, Brooklyn, N. Y.; James E. Peabody, head of the department of biology, Morris High School, New York City; Harvey W. Thayer, preceptor in German, Princeton University ; Claude H. Van Tyne, professor of history, University of Michigan; and Ray H. Whitbeck, supervisor, New Jersey State Normal School, Trenton, N. J. The number of the Faculty for the summer not members of the regular teaching staff of Cornell University is the same as last year. As the total number of the teaching staff has increased from sixty-two to sixty-eight, the relative proportion of this class is less. Some of them have been here for several years. The longest in service in our Summer Session is Dr. McMurry, whose work has been most acceptable and whose interest has always been deep. He has contributed very largely to the success of the work in principles and methods of education. It is with much regret that I learn from him that his duties in the future may prevent his returning again. Last year was tried for the first time the experiment of taking a high school teacher for the work in the training of teachers in secondary instruction. The plan was (as noted in last year's report) highly successful and this year extension of it was made by associating with Mr. Mitchill, who came last year, Mr. Stebbins for English, and further by inviting Mr. Peabody in another department. This procedure is no longer an experiment and, while the plan has its obvious limitations, it offers many advantages.


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1901 1902 1903 1904 1905

1906 1907 Teaching staff


54 60 58 62 68 Students

424 548 470 *718 619 642 755 Cornell University students of previous year

218 259

246 294 225 288 Former Cornell students.

5 64 63 59 59 85 92 Graduates of Cornell University 13 27 13 23 25 23 19 Graduates of other colleges... 139 131 85 97

129 131 Non-graduates from other colleges

61 63 45


59 70 95 Teachers

253 255 154 *356 218 265 302 Holding first degrees.



133 123 Holding higher degrees

42 35 23 25 19

27 New York State -

177 2.19

244 238 288 320 Outside of New York State --- 247 298 269 *474 381 354 435

*Includes 145 Porto Rican teachers admitted under special arrangement with the U. S. Department of Education. Of the teachers in attendance there are engaged in teaching in

1905 1906

1907 Colleges

27 27 Normal Schools


15 18 High Schools

61 :96 Grammar or Elementary Schools

93 95 Private Schools.-

5 26

17 Superintendence and Supervision.

3 6 14 These statistics show a steady growth in the number of students. It is a pleasure to supplement them by saying that the universal verdict of the Faculty is that the quality of the students in the sun

summer steadily improves. The number of students making up by attendance in the summer work in which they had failed during the year is smaller. Although the figures show a considerable increase in “ Cornell University students of previous year,” an inspection of


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