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tioned purpose. This invitation was accepted and the Dean of the University was present at a meeting in Philadelphia on May 9th, when an organization was effected and a constitution adopted. At a subsequent meeting of the committee appointed for that purpose some rules of procedure were adopted. The constitution and rules of procedure will be submitted to the next meeting of the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland, and, if adopted, will be referred to the colleges of that Association for their approval. It would not be proper here to enter into the details of the proposed “ College Entrance Certificate Board.” But it may be said that its purpose is the same as that of a similar organization in the New England states and in the states of the middle west. The board will decide the questions of the qualification of schools and their continuation upon the list of accredited schools and there will probably be a uniform certificate blank. It is not the purpose of the proposed board to interfere in any way with the College Entrance Examination Board or to favor admission by certificate rather than by examination, but merely to promote the efficiency of the present system in the case of colleges admitting students by certificate.

If the proposed board is approved by the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland and subsequently by a majority of colleges in that Association, the individual colleges which now admit students on certificate will be relieved of many difficulties. The objection to admission by certificate so far as Cornell University is concerned has never been on account of the scholarship of the students admitted by certificate, but almost exclusively on the ground of the difficulty of administering the system. The friction between the University and the schools has at times been considerable and disagreeable. This will, of course, be wholly removed when schools are placed upon the accredited list and removed from it by a board which also prescribes the form of certificate and the rules and regulations for its use. With a view to securing a uniform certificate blank, the chairman of the Committee on Admission by Certificate has entered into correspondence with the various departments in the University which have special requirements for admission, such as the submission of notebooks, detailed statement of studies, names and amount of authors read, etc. It seems probable that in most cases these special requirements will be relinquished and the statement of the school accepted.

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At a meeting of the University Faculty held November 8, 1907, a resolution was introduced abolishing the Committee on Student Conduct and the Committee on Student Organizations and substituting for these two committees a committee to be designated Committee on Student Affairs. On the roth of January, 1908, the Faculty voted that the Committee on Student Conduct be abolished and that its functions, the Trustees consenting, be transferred to the Committee on Student Organizations "whose title is hereby changed to read: The Committee on Student Affairs." The new committee was appointed by the President at the meeting of February 14, 1908, under a resolution presented to the Faculty on December 13, 1907, and passed January 10, 1908. The resolution in question is as follows:

Resolved, that the following standing committees of the University Faculty, namely, Admission by Certificate, Graduate Work and Advanced Degrees, Scholarships and Student Organizations be re-constituted as follows:

"1. Each of these committees shall consist of the Dean, exofficio, and eight members of the University Faculty to be appointed by the President upon the adoption of this resolution. 2.

Of the eight members to be thus appointed, two shall be appointed to serve until November ist, 1908, two until November ist, 1909, two until November ist, 1910 and two until November ist, 1911.

"3. Vacancies to occur by the expiration of a termon November ist of each year shall be filled by appointments to be made annually in October by the President.

“4. A member appointed for a full term of four years, or a member appointed to fill a term of more than one year shall not be eligible to renewed appointment at the end of that term.

"5 Vacancies occurring before the expiration of a term shall be filled by appointment by the President for the remainder of the unexpired term.

"6. In case of temporary inability to act, due to absence from the University or other cause, an ad interim appointment may be made by the President to be effective while the inability of the regular member continues."

It was understood that the Registrar should continue to act as before as secretary of the Committee on Admission by Certificate and the Committee on Student Affairs.

Since February 14, 1908, the functions formerly exercised by the Committee on Student Organizations and on Student Conduct have been discharged by the single Committee on Student Affairs.

The most important action of the year dealing with student organizations was that taken February 14, 1908, when the Univer

sity Faculty on the recommendation of the Committee on Student Affairs adopted the following amendment to the Rules Governing Student Organizations:

"In applying Rule IIc to baseball, any person, who, after April ist, 1908, plays under a name other than his own, or who plays in a contest at which an admission fee is charged except as a member or representative of a school or college team, shall be conclusively presumed to have violated this rule."

The following explanation of this action of the Faculty was made by the chairman of the Committee:

"For a long time the need has been felt of some way of enforcing the rule of the Brown Conference rendering ineligible those who have received remuneration for participation in any branch of sport. The principal difficulty occurs in summer baseball where the players receive remuneration directly or indirectly from the proceeds of the game.

"Owing to the circumstances under which these games are played it is in most cases impossible to establish the violation of the rule. Even where a student plays in such games without remuneration he is suspected of receiving it and discredit is thrown upon the college team on which he afterwards plays.

"The Faculty on the recommendation of the Committee on Student Affairs, (the former Committee on Student Organizations), has therefore adopted a rule creating a presumption arising from ascertainable facts which usually accompany a violation of the rule. There can be no justification for playing under an assumed name, and while a student may play without remuneration in games for which admission is charged, it is felt that for the sake of the reputation of the college all suspicion of the violation of the rule should be avoided."

The rule to which the amendment applies is IIc of the Rules Governing Student Organizations and reads as follows:

“II. Intercollegiate Athletic Contests in General.- No person shall represent the University in any intercollegiate athletic contest either at home or abroad;

"c. If he receives or has ever received any remuneration or consideration of any sort for his services in any branch, as performer, player, coach, or otherwise, apart from such necessary expenses as are actually incurred by him as a member of a college team, or of a permanent amateur organization in connection with occasional amateur contests."

The amendment is:

"In applying Rule IIc to baseball, any person, who, after April ist, 1908, plays under a name other than his own, or who plays in a contest at which an admission fee is charged, except as a member or representative of a school or college team, shall be conclusively presumed to have violated this rule."

The action of the Committee so far as it relates to student conduct has consisted in investigating cases of fraud in examination and of other cases of violation of the University rules reported to the Committee. The behavior of the student body in general has been excellent and events like the freshman banquet and “Spring Day" passed off without disorder or objectionable features. While, as I have said, the behavior of the student body in general is exemplary, there is, unfortunately, a small number of students who bring discredit upon the University by their disorderly conduct and one event during the last year, namely, the senior banquet, was attended by most reprehensible conduct on the part of a considerable number of the class. The best method of dealing with this subject has occupied the attention of the Committee on Student Affairs and two plans have been suggested. One is the employment of a University officer who as proctor shall have certain powers and duties for the repression of disorderly conduct. The second method is to obtain, if possible, the cooperation of the student body by means of a general committee composed from the upper classes to act with the Committee on Student Affairs in matters dealing with student conduct. If the various student organizations now existing, fraternities, clubs, etc., should take a firm and decided stand in regard to the conduct of their members in public, a great deal would be accomplished. But, unfortunately, cases of fraud in examination and public intoxication are too often considered as venial offenses and no action whatever is taken by the organization to which the offender belongs. The large majority of students are in favor of honorable behavior within and without the University, and if their cooperation could be secured by the Committee on Student Affairs, the evils complained of could be largely abated, if not wholly abolished. The Committee on Student Affairs proposes at the beginning of the next academic year to meet with representatives of the various classes with the above ends in view. It is to be hoped that this movement may result in the establishment of a representative committee of the students which shall become a permanent institution and afford the Committee on Student Affairs a convenient means of communicating with the student body.

GRADUATE DEPARTMENT

3. In my report for 1905–1906, page xiv, I stated that on April 11, 1906, a special session of the University Faculty considered the subject of the needs and prospects of the Graduate Department, and a committee was appointed to consider and report upon certain matters in relation to the Graduate Department. On February 8, 1907, this committee recommended to the Faculty the adoption of the following resolution:

"Resolved, that the University Faculty recommend to the Board of Trustees the establishment of a graduate school under the administration of a separate Faculty to consist of the professors in those departments in which graduate work is offered."

After a brief debate it was moved and carried that the report of the committee be accepted and the committee discharged.

In my report for 1906–1907, page xx, I said that I regretted that the report of this Committee received so little attention and I trusted that the whole subject might receive the careful consideration of the University Faculty next year. On November 8, 1907, it was moved in the University Faculty that a committee of five be appointed by the President to consider and to report on the organization of a graduate school. It was also voted at the same meeting that the committee on the organization of a graduate school to be appointed by the President, as soon as it has sufficiently proceeded with its inquiries, request the Committee on Graduate Work to confer with it. The President of the University subsequently appointed the following committee in pursuance of the first resolution:

The Dean, chairman, Professors E. B. Titchener, E. L. Nichols, W. F. Willcox and A. Ross Hill.

This committee met frequently during the year and considered various means for increasing the efficiency of the Graduate Department, such as the appropriation of money for research work in the graduate department; retirement of professors under the service clause of the Carnegie Foundation with subsidiary pensions from the University to enable them to devote themselves exclusively to research without great pecuniary sacrifice; shortening of the teaching year and reduction of the routine and administrative duties to a minimum, etc. They also considered such secondary aid to the Graduate Department as might consist in special announcements containing not merely courses, but a statement of facilities for research, list of titles of investigations published during previous years and of those in progress; and, finally, the committee consid. ered the modification of admission requirements in the direction of greater liberality and the admission of our own students to graduate standing at the beginning or middle of the senior year in cases where

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