upperclassmen in underclass courses, save especially in such courses as languages, in which the older student is naturally at some disadvantage."

Besides adopting the foregoing report, the Board voted that a freshman, who wished to register for a course not in the authorized list, must secure its permission as well as that of the teacher in charge of the course. This requirement may work out to diminish the number, already small, of freshmen who are taking upperclass courses.

Throughout the year the cordial cooperation of the members of the several committees and the uniform considerateness of my colleagues in the Faculty have greatly lightened the burden of unaccustomed duties.

Respectfully submitted,

CHARLES H. Hull, Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.



To the President of the University:

Sir :- I have the honor to submit the report of the College of Law for the academic year 1908-1909.

Mr. F. D. Colson, Instructor in Procedure, after eight years of devoted and efficient service on the instructing staff of the College, resigned to accept the office of Law Librarian of the State Library, his resignation taking effect at the Thanksgiving recess. Mr. Charles Tracey Stagg, LL.B., 1902, was appointed to succeed him as Instructor and has since been appointed Assistant Professor of Law. Mr. Stagg took up the courses in Bills and Notes and Probate Law at the points where Mr. Colson left them, and carried them to completion. During the second term he has conducted the courses in Mortgages and Procedural Papers. The course in Brief-Making, formerly conducted by Mr. Colson, was continued until the end of the first term by the librarian, Mr. Fraser, who volunteered his services in that behalf. While the work under his direction was of a highly satisfactory character, it was not deemed just to request him to pursue it during the second term and the course was therefore dropped for the second half-year. Mr. Roger W. Cooley, of St. Paul, Minn.,

however, gave in the second term a brief course in Legal Research which in a measure supplied the place of the course in Brief-Making.

Judge Gunnison finding that he would be unable to return from Alaska to give the course in Bankruptcy, Mr. William H. Hotchkiss, who so successfully conducted the course last year, was appointed to give it this year, but his duties as Superintendent of Insurance precluded him from coming to Ithaca until too late in the term, and that course has accordingly not been offered. With the exceptions noted all the announced courses have been regularly conducted.

During the coming academic year, Assistant Professor Stagg will conduct the courses in Brief-Making, Probate Law, Procedural Papers, Bills and Notes, and Mortgages, the course in Conveyancing formerly given by Mr. Colson having been taken by Professor Finch. The course in Municipal Corporations and Public Offices will be given for the first time to the seniors, by Professor Hayes. Suretyship, heretofore a junior course, will be given to the seniors, and Partnership, heretofore a senior course will become a part of the junior curriculum.. This change has been made in order that the study of Suretyship shall be preceded by the courses in Equity Jurisdiction and Bills and Notes, subjects upon which the law of suretyship largely depends.

The registration in the College for the past ten years is shown by the following table:

Seniors Juniors 4 Year 2 4 Year 13 Year 1 Special Total


[blocks in formation]

Owing to the increase in numbers of students in the four-year course they have been separated from the three-year students for the first time in the above table. Formerly all first-year students were grouped in one class, and four-year students in both the second and third years of their course were classed as Juniors. The figures for 1908-1909 under the old classification would be, Seniors 48, Juniors 73, First Year 100.

In addition to the students in the College of Law instruction has been given to 29 students from other departments of the University, making the total number of students receiving instruction in law 256.

Of the regular law students 74 come from outside the State of New York. Last year there were 63, in 1906–1907, 62, in 19051906, 57

The number of students in attendance at this time, May 1, is 201. Of the 26 registered but no longer in attendance, 2 transferred to other Colleges of the University, 9 voluntarily withdrew, and 15 were dropped for failure in or neglect of work.

Of the 75 students pursuing the first year of the three-year course (71 regular students and 4 specials), 2 have the A.B. degree and 22 others have had one or more years of college work. Pursuing the first-year law subjects there are also 15 four-year students in their second year, who have had substantially one year of work in Arts and Sciences. Add to these 29 students (all seniors) from other Colleges of the University, chiefly the College of Arts and Sciences, and 29 four-year students in their first year, we have a total of 148 taking all or a part of the first-year work. Of these, 68 have already had from one to four years of college work and 29 others will have had one year of Arts work before they pursue more than one law subject. This leaves only 57 of the 148 to complete their law course without the foundation of from one to four years of college study.

The desirability of requiring at least a year of college work as preparation for the study of law has been emphasized by the President on several occasions and has been referred to in previous reports of the Director. Referring to the change made in 1907 in the fouryear curriculum, whereby that course was designed to afford a year of Arts work prior to any great amount of professional study, it was said in the Director's report for 1906–1907, p. xlvii, “It is expected that the result of this change will aid in determining whether a similar course should be exacted from all students entering the College without previous collegiate work.” At the January examinations in 1909, the four-year students pursuing first-year law subjects maintained an average grade 7% per cent. above that of the threeyear students. The desirability of a requirement of one year at least of college studies, indeed its necessity if a high standard of efficiency is to be maintained, was thus made more clearly manifest. In January, accordingly, the Faculty adopted a resolution recommend ing that “After the academic year, 1910-1911, without changing the requirements for admission to the combined Arts and Law course of four years, there shall be admitted to the three-year course only graduates of universities and colleges and students who have met the entrance requirements and satisfactorily completed one year of study in a university or college of approved standing."

This recommendation was adopted by the Trustees of the University, April 3, 1909. The four-year course will therefore after 1910-1911 be taken by all students coming from the high schools and preparatory schools; the three-year course will be open only to college graduates and to those who have had at least one year of college work at Cornell or elsewhere. This last stated degree of preparation will therefore be possessed by all students pursuing law subjects, except the single subject of Torts, which is taken by the four-year men in their first year.

The desire on the part of students entering the three-year course without previous college work to pursue Arts subjects (referred to in last year's report, pp. xli, xlii), is still manifest. The Faculty has accordingly enacted regulations whereby such students may, until the new requirements take effect, transfer to the four-year course at the end of their first year, and make their sophomore year practically a year of Arts study. All students entering without college work are, however, advised and urged to enter the four-year course at the beginning

Mr. Earl J. Bennett, LL.B., 1901, has during the year given to the University for the College of Law securities to the amount of $2,000. Mr. Bennett had no desire that his name should be used in connection with his gift, although he did not forbid its use; nor did he designate the specific purpose for which the fund should be used. He made the gift broadly to the College, solely in recognition of his obligations thereto. This fund has been devoted to the completion of the collection of session laws upon which the librarian has been for several years engaged, but for which no special resources were available. The collection has therefore been called the “Earl J. Bennett Collection of Statute Law” in recognition of the donor's generosity.

A natural difficulty is presented in exercising a proper supervision of the Arts work of the students in the four-year course, especially in view of their increasing number. Such supervision has been effected by means of monthly reports from the professors in charge of Arts courses taken by these students. For the prompt preparation and transmission of the reports, involving a very considerable expenditure of time and labor, and for their hearty cooperation in accomplishing the objects of the four-year course, the Faculty wishes to express its appreciation to the Dean of Arts and Sciences, his assistant, and the professors giving instruction to law students.

The report of the Librarian is herewith submitted. Through his wise and economical management the efficiency of the library has been so far maintained and all necessary accessions secured without increased appropriations. The time has arrived, however, when a considerable increase in shelf room is imperatively demanded, and it will not be long until it will become necessary to provide additional library space. Two causes operate, moreover, to increase the annual expense of maintaining the series of books now on the shelves. The number of new volumes of current law reports issued each year is continually increasing, and for this reason a fund sufficient to purchase current issues several years ago is no longer sufficient for that purpose. Furthermore, actual wearing out of these reports through constant use entails each year a greater outlay for rebinding and replacing worn volumes. As the wearing out of books from use is the highest proof of the utility and efficiency of the library the expense caused thereby should not cause grave concern.

Respectfully submitted,

FRANK IRVINE, Director of the College of Law,

« ͹˹Թõ