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be done in establishing Scholarships and Fellowships. There are each year a limited number of students who wish to spend two or three years in advanced work in one or more departments. To attract more students of this character there is urgent need for at least one or two Scholarships and Fellowships in each department in Stimson Hall.

With the change of the library from the west to the east end of the first floor, and the employment of a librarian and stenographer to give her whole time to the College, the facilities of the library have been much more accessible than heretofore. A number of books have been added to the library during the year. The University is well supplied with works upon the general fundamental subjects of the first two years, and more of these works have been kept in Stimson Hall than heretofore seemed advisable. There are still many volumes of journals and special works on Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics, and the specialties, which it would be desirable to have.

In the Department of Anatomy, the work has progressed normally and satisfactorily. The instructors fortunately have all been here for a number of years and are thoroughly familiar with the work and methods. With the entering class, it has been possible to cover more ground and to do the work more satisfactorily than heretofore and in less time. The department, although well supplied with models and specimens, is still in need of many special preparations, topographical dissections, frozen sections, and some special apparatus.

In regard to the work in the Department of Histology and Embryology, Dr. Kingsbury reports that the separation of the Veterinary and Medical courses has been found to have a distinct advantage. He further says: “Of the four classes of students taking general or introductory work, the Veterinary student requires most direct supervision and personal attention in his work, while the Medical student, as far as may be judged from the experience of a single year, may be dealt with along broader lines and requires less instruction by college and secondary school methods." But, "contrary to the conclusions one would reach from theoretical considerations, it has been my experience that advanced students require more guidance of a certain kind and make greater demands on the time of the one in charge of their work than any other class." He emphasizes the need of more complete correlation of courses either simultaneous or successive. Something in this way has already been accomplished this year in the course in Organology and more is planned for next year in Neurology. The work of the instructors in the Department has been most satisfactory. Dr. Kingsbury feels that in the future he wishes to substitute for assistants who are giving part of their time to work as students in the Medical course,men whose whole time will be devoted to Histology and Embryology. He says: “As already repeatedly stated I believe that such men cannot be obtained and retained at the present salary of an assistant." The quarters occupied by the Department were this year adequate, though there was no excessive space. The projection and dark rooms have been indispensable to the Department, and, without at any time causing inconvenience, have been of use to the Departments of Anatomy and Vertebrate Zoology. The greatest needs of the Department at present are one additional instructor, and a preparator. The needs in regard to equipment are not great: an increase in the working collection of Histological and Embryological series and a small amount of laboratory apparatus.

In the Department of Physiology, Dr. Simpson says he has been particularly struck with the earnestness of the students, with their desire one and all to make the most of the opportunities offered them." The work of the instructors and assistants has been most satisfactory. The laboratory was well supplied with a stock of teaching apparatus, practically the whole of which has been utilized

The collection of Physiological apparatus has been increased by an entirely new installment of recording apparatus of recent pattern and a number of pieces of special apparatus. A limited amount of new apparatus is still needed. Among other urgent needs of the Department are more adequate facilities for experimental animals, and the full time of a suitable mechanic. In Biochemistry Dr. Hunter reports that, although the chemical worktables were not installed until the middle of the year, the arrangements for the work of the Medical students were not disturbed but the advanced work was greatly handicapped. A considerable amount of apparatus is yet required before the laboratory can be considered even approximately well equipped for the sort of work that ought to be done. It is very desirable also that duplicate copies of certain books and files of chemistry journals should be procured so as to be more readily accessible to this laboratory.

In Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics much of the apparatus of the Physiological Department is used and the Department is fairly well equipped. A small amount of additional apparatus is, however,

this year.

needed. Dr. Dresbach has had charge of the experimental work during the year.

In regard to Pathology and Bacteriology, Dr. Moore reports a satisfactory year. Concerning the proposed curriculum for next year and the considerable increase in the work required in Pathology, Dr. Moore says: "The smaller number of students will not lessen the work of the regular course and the additional work called for will greatly increase the work of the instructor.” “I am very sure, to give satisfactory courses in Bacteriology and Pathology to graduate students is going to be a much more difficult task than we are inclined to recognize.” “It will be impossible to combine the course as at present with the Veterinary students." To care properly for the advanced work included in the new curriculum an additional assistant will be necessary as well as a certain amount of new apparatus.

The courses in Chemistry, Surgery, Medicine, and Obstetrics have been normal and satisfactory.

During the past year a number of investigations have been undertaken by the instructing staff. The following is a list of the subjects of these investigations, some of which are completed, some still in progress:

In the Department of Anatomy during the year, Dr. Kerr has been investigating the occurrence of double ureter in man, the shape, size, and topography of the stomach, the brachial plexus of nerves, the cloaca in birds and reptiles. Mr. Baldwin has been investigating the arrangement of the accessory pancreatic duct in man, the topography of the spinal nerve roots, duodenal diverticula in man, the ducts of the pancreas in the adult, annular pancreas, and the relations of the middle meningeal and femoral arteries. Dr. Hathaway has been investigating the occurrence of supernumary nipples in the male, the origin of the brachialis muscle in man, and the insertion of the other muscles upon the humerus. Dr. Schæffer has been studying the variations of the palmaris longus muscle, and investigating maxillary sinus in the embryo, child, and the adult man, together with its practical bearing. He is also studying the lateral nasal wall in man. Mr. Ingersoll is studying the nasal septum in man, this work being also investigated from the standpoint of Embryology under the direction of Dr. Kingsbury.

In the Department of Histology and Embryology, Dr. Kingsbury, in collaboration with Dr. H. D. Reed, is investigating the columella auris in Amphibia, a contribution to the knowledge of the vertebrate ear, is studying the development of the Amblystoma, and, with Dr. Hilton, the development of the auditory apparatus in Desmognathus. He has reported a case of Hermaphroditismus verus, lateralis in Sus scrofa. Dr. Hilton has published articles upon the peculiar abnormal teeth in jack rabbits, and the occurrence of Batraceseps and Autodax in Southern California. He has investigated the Hyo-branchial apparatus of Typhlotriton, the tracheal supply of the central nervous system of the larva of Corydalis, the early development of Desmognathus fusca, and the development of the larynx. Miss Pauline Hirsch is studying the Degenerations in the Secondary Spermatogonia in Desmognathus. Mr. Bean is working upon the problem of Hermaphroditism in vertebrates, Miss King upon the morphology and development of the cerebrum in the rat.

In the Department of Physiology, Dr. Simpson has reported upon the Wallerian Degeneration in the Facial Nerves, is engaged in investigations upon animal heat, the pressure of the bile secretion, and is investigating the origin of the motor nerves, and, in association with Dr. Hunter, is studying the effect of thyroidectomy in the sheep on the iodine content of the pituitary gland, and, in association with Miss King, the motor localization in the brain of the sheep and the pyramidal tract in the sheep. Dr. Hunter is investigating the basic albumoses obtainable by peptic digestion, the product of long continued pancreatic digestion of proteins, particularly urocanic acid. Dr. Dresbach has been studying blood pressure of the sheep before and after the removal of the thyroid gland, the effect of temperature upon the variations on the contractions of the skeletal muscles, the origin of the beat of ventricular heart strips in Ringer's solution, and the effect of the transplantation of the suprarenal glands, and, with Mr. Brandt, has been studying the action of caffein and theobromine on heart muscle. Mr. Schrock has been studying the origin and termination of the fillet tract in the cat, Mr. Peterson, the afferent paths in the brain and the spinal cord. Miss Reveley has been tracing the cerebro-spinal motor paths in the guinea pig Miss King in addition to the work done with Dr. Simpson has been working on the cortico-spinal tracts in the rat, the Histological part of her work being done with Dr. Kingsbury.

In Dr. Moore's Department, in addition to the extensive studies in tuberculosis and much diagnosis work, Dr. Moore has investigated the frequency of the elimination of tubercle bacilli from infected cows, and has been working on the diagnosis and etiology of rabies. Dr. Burnett has been making a study on the clinical examination of the blood of animals.

Dr. Tinker has read papers before various Medical societies upon Local Anesthesia in Major Surgery, Results of Operation for Goitre, the Treatment of Lacerated and Contused Wounds and Compound Fractures, Radical Conservatism in the Treatment of Compound Fractures, and the Surgical Treatment of Biliary Tract Affections.

One of the most urgent needs of the Medical College is the establishment of more Assistant Professorships and Instructorships. In the past we have taken as Instructors and Assistants young men with little or no special training, some of whom were taking more or less of their Medical work at the same time that they were teaching in the College. In the future, with graduate students, it will become more and more necessary to have more mature and better trained men as instructors.

Another need of the Medical College is for expert preparators and laboratory attendants. There should be in the Department of Physiology, a mechanic; in Biochemistry, an attendant capable of caring for the supply room and taking care of the stock solutions and apparatus; and in Histology and Embryology, a preparator capable of mounting sections of embryos, and making wax plates. In the Department of Anatomy there is already an embalmer who is being trained to care for and prepare the specimens. All of the departments have felt particularly this year the need of an artist adequately to illustrate the research articles which have been prepared.

Respectfully submitted,

ABRAM T. RR,
Secretary of the Ithaca Division of the Medical College.

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