needed. Dr. Dresbach has had charge of the experimental work during the year.

In regard to Pathology and Bacteriology, Dr. Moore reports a satisfactory year. Concerning the proposed curriculum for next year and the considerable increase in the work required in Pathology, Dr. Moore says: "The smaller number of students will not lessen the work of the regular course and the additional work called for will greatly increase the work of the instructor.” “I am very sure, to give satisfactory courses in Bacteriology and Pathology to graduate students is going to be a much more difficult task than we are inclined to recognize.” “It will be impossible to combine the course as at present with the Veterinary students.” To care properly for the advanced work included in the new curriculum an additional assistant will be necessary as well as a certain amount of new apparatus.

The courses in Chemistry, Surgery, Medicine, and Obstetrics have been normal and satisfactory.

During the past year a number of investigations have been undertaken by the instructing staff. The following is a list of the subjects of these investigations, some of which are completed, some still in progress:

In the Department of Anatomy during the year, Dr. Kerr has been investigating the occurrence of double-ureter in man, the shape, size, and topography of the stomach, the brachial plexus of nerves, the cloaca in birds and reptiles. Mr. Baldwin has been investigating the arrangement of the accessory pancreatic duct in man, the topography of the spinal nerve roots, duodenal diverticula in man, the ducts of the pancreas in the adult, annular pancreas, and the relations of the middle meningeal and femoral arteries, Dr. Hathaway has been investigating the occurrence of supernumary nipples in the male, the origin of the brachialis muscle in man, and the insertion of the other muscles upon the humerus. Dr. Schæffer has been studying the variations of the palmaris longus muscle, and investigating maxillary sinus in the embryo, child, and the adult man, together with its practical bearing. He is also studying the lateral nasal wall in man. Mr. Ingersoll is studying the nasal septum in man, this work being also investigated from the standpoint of Embryology under the direction of Dr. Kingsbury.

In the Department of Histology and Embryology, Dr. Kingsbury, in collaboration with Dr. H. D. Reed, is investigating the columella auris in Amphibia, a contribution to the knowledge of the vertebrate ear, is studying the development of the Amblystoma, and, with Dr. Hilton, the development of the auditory apparatus in Desmognathus. He has reported a case of Hermaphroditismus verus, lateralis in Sus scrofa. Dr. Hilton has published articles upon the peculiar abnormal teeth in jack rabbits, and the occurrence of Batraceseps and Autodax in Southern California. He has investigated the Hyo-branchial apparatus of Typhlotriton, the tracheal supply of the central nervous system of the larva of Corydalis, the early development of Desmognathus fusca, and the development of the larynx. Miss Pauline Hirsch is studying the Degenerations in the Secondary Spermatogonia in Desmognathus. Mr. Bean is working upon the problem of Hermaphroditism in vertebrates, Miss King upon the morphology and development of the cerebrum in the rat.

In the Department of Physiology, Dr. Simpson has reported upon the Wallerian Degeneration in the Facial Nerves, is engaged in investigations upon animal heat, the pressure of the bile secretion, and is investigating the origin of the motor nerves, and, in association with Dr. Hunter, is studying the effect of thyroidectomy in the sheep on the iodine content of the pituitary gland, and, in association with Miss King, the motor localization in the brain of the sheep and the pyramidal tract in the sheep. Dr. Hunter is investigating the basic albumoses obtainable by peptic digestion, the product of long continued pancreatic digestion of proteins, particularly urocanic acid. Dr. Dresbach has been studying blood pressure of the sheep before and after the removal of the thyroid gland, the effect of temperature upon the variations on the contractions of the skeletal muscles, the origin of the beat of ventricular heart strips in Ringer's solution, and the effect of the transplantation of the suprarenal glands, and, with Mr. Brandt, has been studying the action of caffein and theobromine on heart muscle. Mr. Schrock has been studying the origin and termination of the fillet tract in the cat, Mr. Peterson, the afferent paths in the brain and the spinal cord. Miss Reveley has been tracing the cerebro-spinal motor paths in the guinea pig. Miss King in addition to the work done with Dr. Simpson has been working on the cortico-spinal tracts in the rat, the Histological part of her work being done with Dr. Kingsbury.

In Dr. Moore's Department, in addition to the extensive studies in tuberculosis and much diagnosis work, Dr. Moore has investigated the frequency of the elimination of tubercle bacilli from infected cows, and has been working on the diagnosis and etiology of rabies. Dr. Burnett has been making a study on the clinical examination of the blood of animals.

Dr. Tinker has read papers before various Medical societies upon Local Anesthesia in Major Surgery, Results of Operation for Goitre, the Treatment of Lacerated and Contused Wounds and Compound Fractures, Radical Conservatism in the Treatment of Compound Fractures, and the Surgical Treatment of Biliary Tract Affections.

One of the most urgent needs of the Medical College is the establishment of more Assistant Professorships and Instructorships. In the past we have taken as Instructors and Assistants young men with little or no special training, some of whom were taking more or less of their Medical work at the same time that they were teaching in the College. In the future, with graduate students, it will become more and more necessary to have more mature and better trained men as instructors.

Another need of the Medical College is for expert preparators and laboratory attendants. There should be in the Department of Physiology, a mechanic; in Biochemistry, an attendant capable of caring for the supply room and taking care of the stock solutions and apparatus; and in Histology and Embryology, a preparator capable of mounting sections of embryos, and inaking wax plates. In the Department of Anatomy there is already an embalmer who is being trained to care for and prepare the specimens. All of the departments have felt particularly this year the need of an artist adequately to illustrate the research articles which have been prepared.

Respectfully submitted,

Secretary of the Ithaca Division of the Medical College.




To the President of the University:

Sir:- I have the honor to submit the following report of the New York State Veterinary College for the year 1908-1909:


The retirement of Dr. James Law in June, 1908, is the most noteworthy event of the year in connection with the instructing staff. In a special report to the President of the University, in August, 1908, I dwelt somewhat at length on the valuable service which Dr. Law has rendered to the University and the Veterinary profession, as well as to the state and nation. The chair in medicine, made vacant by Dr. Law's retirement, was temporarily filled by the appointment of Dr. D. H. Udall of the Veterinary College of the Ohio State University as Acting Professor of Medicine. Dr. S. H. Burnett, who has been for some years an Instructor, has been made Assistant Professor of Comparative Pathology. At present the Faculty consists of eleven men, exclusive of demonstrators and those engaged in teaching animal husbandry, chemistry, histology, and embryology, which are provided for in other departments of the University.


There has been a steady increase in the number of students since the enforcement of a four-year high-school course as the requirement for entrance. This year there is a total enrollment of 96 students, of whom 38 are freshmen and 4 are graduates. The number of inquiries from prospective students who have their entrance requirements is much larger than at this time last year, which is suggestive of a large entering class next fall.


The instruction in the various departments has continued as heretofore, with various minor changes, except the clinical teaching. The clinics have been reorganized. There are now provided a consulting, a medical, a surgical, a small animal, and an ambulatory clinic. These readjustments and additions have greatly increased the efficiency of the practical teaching. During the summer of 1908 a new operating room was built at the south end of the hospital, which has greatly enhanced the teaching of operative surgery. The number of actual cases that our students have been able to examine and study, under proper supervision, during the present year has been fully a third larger than it was last year. For the ambulatory clinic a team and three-seated surrey have been provided. In this service our senior students have seen 180 medical and obstetrical cases that otherwise would not have come to their notice. The clinic for small animals, under the direction of Dr. Fish, has been well patronized. A small operating room has been temporarily arranged and a number of modern cages have been added to the temporary dog hospital. Over 200 cases have already been treated during the year. A course of three lectures by Dr. F. H. Miller, the distinguished canine specialist of New York City, on diseases of dogs added greatly to the interest and increased the efficiency of this clinic. In the consulting clinic 350 cases have been presented and treated. The separation of the surgical and consulting clinics has made it possible to give better service in both. Dr. Udall has introduced a very helpful course in physical diagnosis in connection with the medical clinic. The very inadequate quarters of the consulting and medical clinics, and also the one for small animals, renders satisfactory service impossible. It is hoped that suitable buildings for these purposes will soon be provided.

Owing to the loss of clinical material in the fall, due to the summer vacation, it has been decided to keep the consulting and ambulatory clinics open during the summer vacation. This will have the additional advantage of affording opportunity for senior students to stay at the College during a part or the whole of the summer vacation and do clinical work. The facilities for clinical diagnosis afforded the students by the laboratories will render this work exceptionally helpful. The steadily increasing number of cases in the ambulatory clinic will soon render this service of great educational value. The results attained during the first seven months of this College year

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