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warrant the statement that we have sufficient clinical material for the satisfactory teaching of clinical medicine, surgery, and obstetrics. The greatest hindrance to that service now is the lack of suitable buildings for examinations, clinics, and hospital for medical cases.

Effective teaching along practical lines has been greatly enhanced by lectures on special subjects by experienced practitioners. Dr. George H. Berns of Brooklyn, Dr. F. H. Miller of New York, and Dr. David S. White of Columbus, Ohio, have each given a valuable course of lectures on practical subjects in veterinary medicine and surgery. In addition to these there has been a course of lectures given by distinguished veterinarians of the State. These are the important changes and additions that have been put into operation during the year. A number of equally significant changes along other lines are being made. Among these are suitable provisions for veterinary graduates. In addition to the advanced courses which have heretofore been offered in the different departments, special courses for graduates have been arranged in hygiene and sanitation, pathology, bacteriology, and surgery, for next year.

In January a two-day Conference for Veterinarians was held. An instructive program was provided and about seventy-five practitioners of the State attended. This Conference brought out very clearly the positive value of the State Veterinary College to veterinarians already in practice and opened one of the important avenues for its future usefulness. One of the functions of the College is to increase the efficiency of the veterinary service of the State in every way possible.

RESEARCH

The investigations by Dr. Fish into the action of drugs upon the circulation and respiration of the horse have been continued. Research has been started in the same department on serum therapy in canine distemper. Considerable work has been done on the condition of the blood in cases of skin diseases of dogs and cats. Dr. Williams has identified the granular venereal disease of cattle, known in Germany, in this State and is making extended investigations into its relations to abortion and sterility in dairy cattle. In the Department of Pathology there has been considerable research on the etiology and diagnosis of rabies, the elimination of tubercle bacilli from infected cows, and an undescribed disease in cattle due to one of the higher bacteria. The excessive demand on our time for diagnoses has materially hindered research work during the past year.

DIAGNOSES

We have made a large number of diagnoses of animal diseases for the veterinarians of the State and the Commissioner of Agriculture. There have been 404 examinations for rabies and over a hundred for glanders. We have prepared and distributed 25,740 doses of tuberculin, 3,000 doses of anthrax vaccine, and 1,026 doses of mallein.

The Department of Pathology took an active part in the International Congress on Tuberculosis, held in Washington, D. C., September, 1908. Honorable mention by special award was accorded by the Congress to the New York State Veterinary College for its pathological exhibit, and also honorable mention was awarded for an exhibit of a practical method for the eradication of bovine tuberculosis.

A large number of inquiries have been answered and a circular of nineteen pages on the preparation and use of tuberculin has been issued to the veterinarians of the State.

The members of the Faculty have contributed a number of articles to various veterinary journals, reports of societies, and congresses. Dr. Burnett has published a valuable work on the "Clinical Pathology of the Blood of Animals,” and Dr. Williams a comprehensive volume on “Veterinary Obstetrics." Drs. Fish, Williams, and Moore have rendered considerable service educationally by giving lectures at institutes, granges, and farmers' gatherings of various kinds, on hygiene and methods for the prevention of animal diseases.

The growing demands upon the College are sufficient to justify the statement that increased facilities are mandatory. The more immediate needs of the College were presented to the last Legislature under four requests: (1) An increase of $5,000 maintenance; (2) $10,000 for the study of animal diseases, on a farm provided by the University; (3) $20,000 for the enlargement of the north wing of the main building; and (4) $130,000 for much needed clinical buildings. Of the four items, the first three were granted. This generous response on the part of the Legislature warrants the belief that the further needs of the College will be met. While we fully appreciate the appropriations made in the interests of the work of this College, the fact must not be overlooked that students can not be trained in clinical medicine in an office and lecture room. Suitable equipment and hospital facilities are absolutely necessary to properly prepare veterinary students to render efficient service to the livestock owners of the State. Without the necessary mechanism the desired results can not be obtained.

The Faculty of the College fully appreciates its obligations to the veterinary profession and also to the livestock owners of the State It is the purpose of the College to fulfil as far as it can these obligations by carrying out as effective a curriculum as possible, and by doing as much research work in the line of seeking the cause, methods of prevention, and treatment of animal diseases as the available facilities will permit. The medium through which new knowledge of the nature of animal diseases and the approved methods for their prevention or treatment will reach and benefit the individual animal owner is the veterinary practitioner, who comes in direct contact with the problems. What an efficient health officer is to the health of the people of a community, the skilled veterinarian is to the health of the animals, which is the greatest asset in animal industry. Our first obligation is to make such veterinarians.

Respectfully submitted,

V. A. Moore,
Director of the New York State Veterinary College.

APPENDIX VIII

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE NEW YORK STATE

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE

To the President of the University:

Sir:- The work of the College of Agriculture for the past year has been characterized on the part of all its officers by great zeal and industry, and on the part of students by the finest college spirit and the best cooperation with teachers. It is a great pleasure to partake in the enthusiasm that is part of an institution in which everyone, professors and students alike, feels that he is engaged in a work that is designed directly to aid his fellows and to contribute its part toward the reconstruction of society.

Registration in the College has grown steadily and rapidly. Following is the number of students for the year 1908-1909 (including only those who register in the College of Agriculture, and not students in other Colleges who may take more or less work with us):

Graduates
Regulars.
Specials
Winter-Courses

.61 273 147 364

845

Counted twice ....

839

The number of students has now come to be so large that we must at once consider the question of limiting the number. If the present legislature does not provide the additional facilities and maintenance that have been requested, we shall be forced, in my opinion, to limit the number of students to 800. I much dislike to limit the number of students, but it is better for the students and for all concerned that we receive only so many as can be handled effectively. This policy in the long run would produce the best results for the students and the State. If the people of the State desire that more students be given opportunities for college training in country life subjects, the relief lies in their own hands.

STUDENT ACTIVITIES

The persons in the College of Agriculture, staff, students, and all, constitute a social group. The institution is trying to work out a real social cooperative structure.

The students have associated themselves together in a number of organizations representing the several teaching and social activities. Some of these are open to farmers and women who have not been students in the College. The following clubs indicate the nature of this association: Lazy Club (Horticulture); Round-Up Club (Animal Husbandry); Synapsis Club (Plant-Breeding); Jugatæ (Entomology); Plant Doctors; Poultry Association; Cornell Chapter of American Society of Agronomy (composed of members of the faculty and graduate students); Agricultural Girls' Club; Cornell Agricultural Musical Clubs, representing the glee club and the mandolin club; the Athletic Advisory Council of the College of Agriculture, representing the track, crew, baseball, soccer football, and basketball interests; Cornell Dairy Students' Association; Cornell Horticultural Union (resident and former students); Students' Association of the New York State College of Agriculture (resident and former students); New York State Drainage Association (essentially not a student organization);; The Home-Makers' Conference (open to women throughout the State who wish to join. Winter-Course girls in Home Economics are eligible). The students in the winter-courses have their special clubs in addition, and each year have inter-club debates for the Morrison Winter-Course Trophy Cup. Most of the above organizations are represented and united in the Agricultural Association, which is the oldest association of students in Cornell University, having been organized in 1871.

The Agricultural Assembly, which meets on the first Thursday evening of each month during the College year, is the comprehensive association of the interests of the College, when Faculty and students meet together on a common social basis. The College has its own student oratorical stage, and its own student periodical, The Cornell Countryman. The Student Agricultural Extension Committee arranges for meetings of farmers in their local halls, and provides student and faculty speakers who discuss pertinent subjects.

All this student activity should be guided by a sympathetic man who is responsible to the administration of the College. Such guidance should produce results of the very greatest value in the building of character and in the training of young people to work together for the common good. It is with this purpose that I have framed out the field for A. R. Mann, who is in every way well adapted to this work. It represents a new department of activity, but I am convinced that it is capable of being made as important as any regular teaching department, and I hope that it will be maintained and encouraged. It is of the first importance that all the student forces, even outside of regular and recognized classes, be held in hand, and directed into useful and effective effort. This is more important in character-building than the formal work of a recitation-room.

INTERNAL ORGANIZATION

The question of internal organization of departments in a college of agriculture needs now to be considered. The work of a high-class college of agriculture is no longer local. If it does its duty and meets its opportunities, it must cover the State with extension work. This means that some of the officers must be absent from the College a good part of the time. The people are entitled to receive instruction on their farms and at their homes by officers of experience and standing. I conceive that every well established department in this College of Agriculture should contain at least two full professors. One

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