Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition

Yale University Press, 1 .. 2008 - 267 ˹
"A tightly woven explanation of the conditions under which cultures that do not tolerate political opposition may be transformed into societies that do."Foreign Affairs
"[Dahl's] analysis is lucid, perceptive, and thorough."Times Literary Supplement
Amidst all the emotional uproar about democracy and the widespread talk of revolution comes this clear call to reasona mind-stretching book that equips the young and the old suddenly to see an ageless problem of society in a new and exciting way. Everything Dahl says can be applied in a fascinating way to the governing of any human enterprise involving more than one personwhether it is a nation-state, a political party, a business firm, or a university.

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LibraryThing Review

Ԩóҡ  - thcson - LibraryThing

Expecting a book on the nature of polyarchy (government by participation and contestation), I was a bit surprised to find that it only dealt with various preconditions that either promote or obstruct ... ҹԴ繩Ѻ

Level of Development
Equalities and Inequalities
Subcultures Cleavage Patterns and Governmental
The Beliefs of Political Activists
Foreign Control
Summary and Qualifications
Some Implications for Strategies
Countries Classified According to Eligi
B Contemporary Polyarchies circa 1969

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˹ 2 - ... all full citizens must have unimpaired opportunities: 1. To formulate their preferences 2. To signify their preferences to their fellow citizens and the government by individual and collective action 3. To have their preferences weighted equally in the conduct of the government, that is, weighted with no discrimination because of the content or source of the preference.
˹ 3 - These three opportunities, in turn, are dependent on the following institutional guarantees: 1. Freedom to form and join organizations 2. Freedom of expression 3. Right to vote 4. Eligibility for public office 5. Right of political leaders to compete for support 5a.