## Decoherence and the Appearance of a Classical World in Quantum TheoryErich Joos, H. Dieter Zeh, Claus Kiefer, Domenico J. W. Giulini, Joachim Kupsch, Ion-Olimpiu Stamatescu Springer Science & Business Media, 9 ÁÕ.¤. 2013 - 496 Ë¹éÒ When we were preparing the first edition of this book, the concept of de coherence was known only to a minority of physicists. In the meantime, a wealth of contributions has appeared in the literature - important ones as well as serious misunderstandings. The phenomenon itself is now experimen tally clearly established and theoretically well understood in principle. New fields of application, discussed in the revised book, are chaos theory, informa tion theory, quantum computers, neuroscience, primordial cosmology, some aspects of black holes and strings, and others. While the first edition arose from regular discussions between the authors, thus leading to a clear" entanglement" of their otherwise quite different chap ters, the latter have thereafter evolved more or less independently. While this may broaden the book's scope as far as applications and methods are con cerned, it may also appear confusing to the reader wherever basic assumptions and intentions differ (as they do). For this reason we have rearranged the or der of the authors: they now appear in the same order as the chapters, such that those most closely related to the "early" and most ambitious concept of decoherence are listed first. The first three authors (Joos, Zeh, Kiefer) agree with one another that decoherence (in contradistinction to the Copen hagen interpretation) allows one to eliminate primary classical concepts, thus neither relying on an axiomatic concept of observables nor on a probability interpretation of the wave function in terms of classical concepts. |

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126 3.3.2.2 Lindblad's Form of

126 3.3.2.2 Lindblad's Form of

**Master Equations**. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 3.3.3 Dynamical Stability of States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 3.3.3.1 Sensitivity to the Presence of an Environment. Ë¹éÒ 34

... account in this universe (when calculating forward in time) by means of stochastic forces (using a Langevin equation) for the individual states, or by means of a corresponding

... account in this universe (when calculating forward in time) by means of stochastic forces (using a Langevin equation) for the individual states, or by means of a corresponding

**master equation**for an ensemble of states, p(p, q; t). Ë¹éÒ 37

The formal theory of

The formal theory of

**master equations**will be discussed in Chap. 7 (see also Zeh 2001). Their approximate foundation in terms of a global unitary Schrödinger equation requires very specific (statistically improbable) cosmic initial ... Ë¹éÒ 38

If the Schrödinger equation is exact, the observed quantum indeterminism can only reflect that of the observer's identity – not one ... The dynamics of formal probabilities, pn(t):= tr{Pnp(t)}, may then be written as a

If the Schrödinger equation is exact, the observed quantum indeterminism can only reflect that of the observer's identity – not one ... The dynamics of formal probabilities, pn(t):= tr{Pnp(t)}, may then be written as a

**master equation**, ... Ë¹éÒ 42

In classical physics, where Hamilton's equations are considered as fundamental, the dynamics of a certain object will in general depend ... For this purpose, the Liouville equation is replaced by some

In classical physics, where Hamilton's equations are considered as fundamental, the dynamics of a certain object will in general depend ... For this purpose, the Liouville equation is replaced by some

**master equation**which is equivalent ...### ¤ÇÒÁ¤Ô´àËç¹¨Ò¡¼ÙéÍ×è¹ - à¢ÕÂ¹º·ÇÔ¨ÒÃ³ì

#### LibraryThing Review

º·ÇÔ¨ÒÃ³ì¨Ò¡¼Ùéãªé - fpagan - LibraryThingDecoherence theory explains why quantum weirdness (superposition, entanglement, etc) is absent at the macroscopic level (except for such exotica as superfluidity, superconductivity, and Bose-Einstein ... ÍèÒ¹¤ÇÒÁ¤Ô´àËç¹©ºÑºàµçÁ

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1 | |

10 | |

41 | |

Decoherence in Quantum Field Theory | 181 |

Consistent Histories and Decoherence | 227 |

Superselection Rules and Symmetries | 259 |

Open Quantum Systems | 316 |

Stochastic Collapse Models | 357 |

Related Concepts and Methods | 383 |

A1 Equation of Motion of a Mass Point | 394 |

Green Functions | 402 |

A4 Quantum Correlations | 415 |

A6 Galilean Symmetry | 425 |

A7 Stochastic Processes | 432 |

Stochastic Differential Equations | 439 |

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algebra approximation assumed atom Brownian motion Chap classical coherence commute components concept configuration consistent histories corresponding coupling decay decohered decoherence decoherence functional defined degrees of freedom density matrix dependence derived described Diósi discussed distribution dynamics eigenstates energy ensemble entanglement entropy environment environmental decoherence equation of motion evolution example expectation values factor field finite formal Ghirardi given Hamiltonian Heisenberg picture Hence Hilbert space initial interaction interference interpretation Joos Kiefer leads linear macroscopic master equation means molecules momentum Neumann nonlocal observables oscillator parameter particle phase space photon physical pointer position probability projection operators projectors properties pure quantum mechanics quantum theory quantum Zeno effect reduced density matrix represent representation result rotation scattering Schrödinger equation Sect spatial statistical operator subspaces subsystem superposition principle superselection rules superselection sectors theorem tion transition unitary variables vector wave function wave packets Wigner function Zeno effect Zurek