A Guide to the Examination of the Urine: Intended Chiefly for Clinical Clerks and Students

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H.K. Lewis, 1870 - 88 ˹
 

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˹ 36 - The presence of clay is ascertained by shaking a small quantity of sand in a glass of clear water, then allowing it to stand and settle for a few hours. The sand and clay will separate into two well-defined layers.
˹ 19 - One or two drops of nitric acid are then added, and the test tube is set aside for 24 hours; at the end of that time, the proportion of the coagulated...
˹ 39 - The quantity of sulphuric acid excreted by a healthy male adult in the 24 hours is about '60 grains. Clinical Import. The quantity of the sulphates is increased by a full animal diet ; very little is known for certain of their amount in disease, and that little is at present of not much importance. The following table of the amount of urinary constituents excreted by a male adult in the 24 hours is compiled from Dr. Parkes' work " On the Composition of the Urine.
˹ 27 - Roberts has found that after fermentation, " the number of degrees of ' density lost' indicated as many grains of sugar per fluid ounce," and he proposes to estimate by this means the amount of sugar present. About 4 fluid-ounces of the urine are placed in a 12-ounce bottle with a piece of German yeast of the size of a chesnut. The bottle is then set aside, very lightly covered, in a warm place, such as the mantel piece, or hob, and by its side, a bottle filled with the same urine, but without any...
˹ 67 - ... surface of the urine of pregnant women, when allowed to remain at rest for a few days. It appears to consist chiefly of the mould fungus, globules of fat, and crystals of phosphates. It was formerly regarded as a sign of pregnancy ; but it occurs in the urine of persons who are not pregnant, and is not always present in pregnancy.
˹ 66 - Bright's disease are iresent, together with granular and fatty casts, evidence of the previous alteration of the kidney. Lardaceous or Albuminoid Kidney. The urinary deposit contains hyaline casts, which are often accompanied by pus corpuscles. Atrophied epithelial cells, becoming fatty in the later stages of the disease, are almost invariably present. FUNGI. Many kinds of fungi grow in the urine after it has...
˹ 52 - These two bodies have been detected in the urine in cases of acute yellow atrophy of the liver, of small pox, and of typhus fever.

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