## Macroeconomics: Canada in the Global Environment |

### ¨Ò¡´éÒ¹ã¹Ë¹Ñ§Ê×Í

¼Å¡ÒÃ¤é¹ËÒ 1 - 3 ¨Ò¡ 94

Ë¹éÒ 38

You can now "see" very clearly the

There is indeed a tendency for the government's deficit to get bigger when the

unemployment rate gets higher. But the

.

You can now "see" very clearly the

**relationship**between these two variables.There is indeed a tendency for the government's deficit to get bigger when the

unemployment rate gets higher. But the

**relationship**is by no means an exact one.

Ë¹éÒ 39

Part (a) illustrates a linear

as we move along the curve. Part (b) illustrates a positive

slope becomes steeper as we move along the curve away from the origin.

Part (a) illustrates a linear

**relationship**— a**relationship**whose slope is constantas we move along the curve. Part (b) illustrates a positive

**relationship**whoseslope becomes steeper as we move along the curve away from the origin.

Ë¹éÒ 48

Chapter 2 Making and Using Graphs Use these data together with those in

problem 1 to draw a scatter diagram showing the

and the interest rate. Use this diagram to determine whether there is a

Chapter 2 Making and Using Graphs Use these data together with those in

problem 1 to draw a scatter diagram showing the

**relationship**between inflationand the interest rate. Use this diagram to determine whether there is a

**relationship**...### ¤ÇÒÁ¤Ô´àËç¹¨Ò¡¼ÙéÍ×è¹ - à¢ÕÂ¹º·ÇÔ¨ÒÃ³ì

àÃÒäÁè¾ºº·ÇÔ¨ÒÃ³ìã´æ ã¹áËÅè§¢éÍÁÙÅ·ÑèÇä»

### à¹×éÍËÒ

Introduction | 1 |

What Is Economics? | 5 |

Making and Using Graphs | 27 |

ÅÔ¢ÊÔ·¸Ôì | |

84 à¹×éÍËÒÍ×è¹æ äÁèä´éáÊ´§äÇé

### ¤ÓáÅÐÇÅÕ·Õè¾ººèÍÂ

aggre aggregate demand curve aggregate expenditure curve aggregate planned expenditure aggregate supply curve amount autonomous expenditure Bank of Canada billion hours billions of 1986 business cycle capital cars Chapter consumption expenditure consumption function curve for real decrease deficit deposits disposable income dollars equilibrium expenditure example expected exports factors factors of production falls Figure firms fiscal policy fluctuations GDP deflator government purchases graph growth households inflation rate investment demand curve long-run aggregate supply macroeconomic marginal propensity ment million tapes monetary policy money supply money wage rate multiplier open market operation opportunity cost output percent Phillips curve price level production possibility frontier quantity demanded quantity of labour quantity of money quantity of real quantity supplied Real GDP billions real GDP increases real interest rate real wage rate recession relationship rises short-run aggregate supply slope tapes a week taxes tion trade transfer payments unemployment rate