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THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT

OF THE MORAL IDEAS

MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED
LONDON BOMBAY. CALCUTTA

MELBOURNE

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
NEW YORK. BOSTON, CHICAGO

DALLAS. SAN FRANCISCO

THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, LTD.

TORONTO

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MARTIN WHITE PROFESSOR OF SOCIOLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF LONDON

PROFESSOR OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF FINLAND, HELSINGFORS

AUTHOR OF THE HISTORY OF HUMAN MARRIAGE

IN TWO VOLUMES

Vol. I

SECOND EDITION

MACMILLAN AND CO.,

AND CO., LIMITED
ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON

1924.

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The frequent references made in the present work, on my own authority, to customs and ideas prevalent among the natives of Morocco, require a word of explanation. Seeing the close connection between moral opinions and magic and religious beliefs, I thought it might be useful for me to acquire first-hand knowledge of the folk-lore of some non-European people, and for various reasons I chose Morocco as my field of research. During the four years I spent there, largely among its country population, I have not only collected anthropological data, but tried to make myself familiar with the native way of thinking; and I venture to believe that this has helped me to understand various customs occurring at a stage of civilisation different from our own. I

purpose

before long to publish the detailed results of my studies in a special monograph on the popular religion and magics of the Moors.

Forthese researches I have derived much material support from the University of Helsingfors. I am also indebted to the Russian Minister at Tangier, M. B. de Bacheracht, for his kindness in helping me on several occasions when I was dependent on the Sultan's Government. All the time I have had the valuable assistance of

my

Moorish friend Shereef 'Abd-es-Salâm el-Bakkali, to whom credit

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