Portraits of 'the Whiteman': Linguistic Play and Cultural Symbols Among the Western Apache

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Cambridge University Press, 31 .. 1979 - 120 ˹
'The Whiteman' is one of the most powerful and pervasive symbols in contemporary American Indian cultures. Portraits of 'the Whiteman': linguistic play and cultural symbols among the Western Apache investigates a complex form of joking in which Apaches stage carefully crafted imitations of Anglo-Americans and, by means of these characterizations, give audible voice and visible substance to their conceptions of this most pressing of social 'problems'. Keith Basso's essay, based on linguistic and ethnographic materials collected in Cibecue, a Western Apache community, provides interpretations of selected joking encounters to demonstrate how Apaches go about making sense of the behaviour of Anglo-Americans. This study draws on theory in symbolic anthropology, sociolinguistics, and the dramaturgical model of human communication developed by Erving Goffman. Although the assumptions and premises that shape these areas of inquiry are held by some to be quite disparate, this analysis shows them to be fully compatible and mutually complementary.
 

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Foreword
ix
Preface
xix
Indian models of the Whiteman
1
Cibecue and whitemen
19
Joking imitations of AngloAmericans interpretive functions
35
Joking imitations of AngloAmericans social functions
65
Changing portraits of the Whiteman
77
Appendix
83
Notes
95
References
113
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