But chief her shrine where naked Venus keeps,
And Cupids ride the Lion of the deeps ;
Where, eas’d of fleets, the Adriatic main
Wafts the smooth eunuch and enamour'd swain.
Led by my hand, he saunter'd Europe round,
And gather'd ev'ry vice on Christian ground;
Saw ev'ry Court, heard ev'ry King declare
His royal sense of Op'ras or the Fair ;
The stews and palace equally explorid, 315
Intrigu'd with glory, and with spirit whor'd;
Tried all hors-d'auvres, all liqueurs defin'd;
Judicious drank, and greatly-daring din'd;
Dropp'd the dull lumber of the Latin store,
Spoild his own language, and acquir'd no more;
All classic learning lost on classic ground;
And last turn'd Air, the echo of a sound !



the air of a Cato, he reproached them for the levity of their behaviour, at a time when the rest of the Court were languishing in the dungeons of the common prisons.

Ver. 308. And Cupids ride the Lion of the deeps ;] The winged Lion, the Arms of Venice. This Republic heretofore the most considerable in Europe, for her naval force and the extent of her commerce; now illustrious for her Carnivals.

P. W. Ver. 318. greatly-daring din'd;] It being indeed no small risk to eat through those extraordinary compositions, whose disguised ingredients are generally unknown to the guests, and highly inflammatory and unwholesome.

P. W. Ver. 322. And last turn'd Air, the echo of a sound!] Yet less a body than echo itself; for echo reflects sense or words at least, this gentleman only airs and tunes :

Sonus est, qui vivit in illo. Ovid. Met. So that this was not a metamorphosis either in one or the other, but only a resolution of the soul into its true principles ; its real essence being harmony, according to the doctrine of Orpheus, the

inventor VOL. IV.


See now, half-cur’d, and perfectly well-bred,
With nothing but a Solo in his head;
As much estate, and principle, and wit,

As Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber shall think fit;
Stol'n from a duel, follow'd by a nun,
And, if a Borough chuse him not, undone;
See, to my country happy I restore
This glorious Youth, and add one Venus more. 330
Her too receive, for her my soul adores !

may the sons of sons of sons of whores,


inventor of Opera, who first performed to a select assembly of beasts. SCRIBL.

W. Ver. 324. With nothing but a Solo in his head ;] With nothing but a Solo ? Why, if it be a Solo, how should there be any thing else? Palpable tautology! Read boldly an Opera, which is enough of conscience for such a head as has lost all its Latin.

BENTL. P. W. Ver. 326. Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber] Three very eminent perSons, all Managers of Plays; who, though not Governors by profession, had, each in his way, concerned themselves in the education of youth, and regulated their wits, their morals, or their finances, at that period of their age which is the most important, their entrance into the polite world. Of the last of these, and his talents for this end, see Book i: ver. 199, &c.

P. W. Ver. 328. And, if a Borough chuse him not] A severe stroke on some parts of the English Parliament.

Warton. Ver. 331. Her too receive, &c.] This confirms what the learned Scriblerus advanced in his note on ver. 272, that the Governor, as well as the Pupil, had particular interest in this Lady. P.W.

Ver. 332. sons of whores,] For such have been always esteemed the ablest supports of the throne of Dulness, even by the confes



Ver. 332. So may the sons of sons, &c.]
“ Et nati natorum, et qui nascentur ab illis.”

Virg. Æneid. üii.

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Prop thine, O Empress ! like each neighbour throne,
And make a long posterity thy own.”
Pleas’d, she accepts the Hero and the Dame, 335
Wraps in her veil, and frees from sense of shame.

Then look'd, and saw a lazy, lolling sort,
Unseen at Church, at Senate, or at Court,
Of ever-listless Loit'rers, that attend
No cause, no trust; no duty, and no friend. 340
Thee too, my Paridel! she mark'd thee there,
Stretch'd on the rack of a too easy chair,
And heard thy everlasting yawn confess
The pains and penalties of idleness.
She pitied; but her pity only shed

345 Benigner influence on thy nodding head.


sion of those her most legitimate sons, who have unfortunately wanted that advantage. The illustrious Vanini in bis divine encomiums on our Goddess, intitled, De admirandis Naturæ Regina Deæque mortalium Arcanis, laments that he was not born a bastard : O utinam extra legitimum ac connubialem thorum essem procreatus ! &c. He expatiates on the prerogatives of a free birth, and on what he would have done for the Great Mother with those advantages; and then sorrowfully concludes, At quia Conjugatorum sum soboles, his orbatus sum bonis.

W. Ver. 341. Thee too, my Paridel!] The poet seems to speak of this young gentleman with great affection. The name is taken from Spenser, who gives it to a wandering courtly Squire, that travelled about for the same reason, for which many young Squires are now fond of travelling, and especially to Paris. P. W.



Ver. 342. Stretch'd on the rack

And heard, &c.]
“ Sedet, æternumque sedebit,
Infelix Theseus, Phlegyasque miserrimus omnes
Admonet”- Virg. Æneid. vi.

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But Annius, crafty Seer, with ebon wand, And well-dissembled em’rald on his hand, False as his gems, and canker'd as his coins, Came,cramm’d with capon, from where Pollio dines. Soft, as the wily fox is seen to creep,

351 Where bask on sunny banks the simple sheep, : Walk round and round, now prying here, now there, So he; but pious, whisper'd first his pray’r.

Grant, gracious Goddess,grant me still to cheat! O may thy cloud still cover the deceit! Thy choicer mists on this assembly shed, But pour

them thickest on the noble head. So shall each youth, assisted by our eyes, See other Cæsars, other Homers rise;



Ver. 347. Annius,] The name taken from Annius, the Monk of Viterbo, famous for many impositions and forgeries of ancient manuscripts and inscriptions, which he was prompted to by mere vanity ; but our Annius had a more substantial motive. P. W.

The sudden appearance of this character, whom we never heard of before, makes this passage very obscure. By Annius, was meant Sir Andrew Fountaine.

Warton. Annius appears in his place; nor does there seem to be any particular reason why he should have been heard of before. It is not likely that Pope meant to allude to Sir Andrew Fountaine, who was a particular friend of Swift. Vide Journal to Stella.

Ver. 355. still to cheat !] Some read skill, but this is frivolous; for Annius hath that skill already; or if he had not, skill were not wanting to cheat such persons. BENTLEY.

P. W. :


Ver. 355. grant me still to cheat !

O may thy cloud still cover the deceit !]

Da, pulchra Laverna,
Da mihi fallere-
Noctem peccatis et fraudibus objice nubem.” Hor. Pot

Thro’ twilight ages hunt th’ Athenian fowl,

’ Which Chalcis, Gods, and mortals call an Owl; Now see an Attys, now a Cecrops clear, Nay, Mahomet! the pigeon at thine ear; Be rich in ancient brass, tho' not in gold, 365 And keep his Lares, though his house be sold; To heedless Phæbe his fair bride postpone, Honour a Syrian Prince above his own; Lord of an Otho, if I vouch it true; Blest in one Niger, till he knows of two.” 370 Mummius o'erheard him; Mummius, fool-re

nown'd, Who like his Cheops stinks above the ground,



Ver. 361. hunt th Atherian forl,] The Owl stamped on the reverse of the ancient money of Athens.

" Which Chalcis, Gods, and mortals call an Owl,” is the verse by which Hobbes renders that of Homer,

Χαλκίδα κικλήσκεσι Θεοί, άνδρες δε Κύμινδιν. P. W. Ver. 363. Attys and Cecrops] The first Kings of Athens, of whom it is hard to suppose any coins are extant; but not so improbable as what follows, that there should be any of Mahomet, who forbade all images; and the story of whose pigeon was a monkish fable. Nevertheless one of these Anniuses made a counterfeit medal of that impostor, now in the possession of a learned Nobleman.

P. W. Ver. 364. Nay, Mahomet !] The circumstance of Mahomet professing to receive his inspiration from Heaven through the means of a pigeon, is well known.

Bowles. Ver. 367. To heedless Phæbe his fair bride postpone,

Lord of an Otho,]
A trivial variation from himself, in his Epistle to Addison :

“ And Curio, restless by the fair-one's side,

Sighs for an Otho, and neglects his bride." Wakefield. Ver. 371. Mummius] This name is not merely an allusion to the Mummies he was so fond of, but probably referred to the Roman


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