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give the queen some account to-morrow morning, I therefore desire to be excused for writing no more

MR. FRANCIS BACON TO SIR ROBERT to-night : to-morrow you shall hear from me again.

CECIL. I wish you what you wish yourself in this and all

MY MOST HONOURABLE GOOD COUSIN, things else, and rest Your affectionate friend,

Your honour in your wisdom doth well perceive,

ESSEX. that my access at this time is grown desperate in This Friday at night.

regard of the hard terms, that as well the earl of Indorsed, March 29, 1594.

Essex as Mr. Vice-chamberlain, who were to have been the means thereof, stand in with her Majesty, !

according to their occasions. And therefore I am MR. FRANCIS BACON TO THE EARL OF

only to stay upon that point of delaying and preESSEX.*

serving the matter entire till a better constellation ; which, as it is not hard, as I conceive, considering

the French business and the instant progress, &c. 80 I THANK your lordship very much for your kind I commend in special to you the care, who in sort and comfortable letter, which I hope will be follow- assured me thereof, and upon whom now, in my ed at hand with another of more assurance. And I lord of Essex's absence, I have only to rely; and, must confess this very delay hath gone so near me, if it be needful, I humbly pray you to move my lord as it hath almost overthrown my health ; for when your father to lay his hand to the same delay. And I revolved the good memory of my father, the near so I wish yon all increase of honour. degree of alliance I stand in to my lord treasurer,

Your honour's poor kinsman in faithful service your lordship’s so signalled and declared favour, the

and duty, honourable testimony of so many counsellors, the

FRANCIS BACON. commendations unlaboured, and in sort offered by

From Gray's-Inn, this Ist of May, 1594. my lords the judges and the master of the rolls elect; † that was voiced with great expectation, and, though I say it myself, with the wishes of most men, to the higher place ; I that I am a man, that the

SIR ROBERT CECIL'S ANSWER.|| queen hath already done for; and that princes, especially her Majesty, love to make an end where they

Cousin, begin; and then add hereunto the obscureness and I do think nothing cut the throat more of your many exceptions to my competitors: when, I say, I present access than the earl's being somewhat revolve all this, I cannot but conclude with myself, troubled at this time. For the delaying I think it that no man ever read a more exquisite disgrace; not hard, neither shall there want my best endeavour and therefore truly, my lord, I was determined, if to make it easy, of which I hope you shall not need her Majesty reject me, this to do. My nature can to doubt by the judgment which I gather of divers take no evil ply; but I will, by God's assistance, circumstances confirming my opinion. I protest I with this disgrace of my fortune, and yet with that suffer with you in mind, that you are thus gravelled ; comfort of the good opinion of so many honourable but time will founder all your competitors, and set and worthy persons, retire myself with a couple of you on your feet, or else I have little understanding. men to Cambridge, and there spend my life in my studies and contemplations without looking back. I humbly pray your lordship to pardon me for troubling you with my melancholy. For the matter itself, EARL OF ESSEX TO MR. FRANCIS BACON.S I commend it to your love; only I pray you communicate afresh this day with my lord treasurer and

Sir, Sir Robert Cecil ; and if you esteem my fortune, I wrote not to you till I had a second conference remember the point of precedency. The objections with the queen, because the first was spent only in to my competitors your lordship knoweth partly. I compliments; she in the beginning excepted all pray spare them not, not over the queen, but to the business: this day she hath seen me again. After great ones, to show your confidence, and to work I had followed her humour in talking of those their distrust. Thus longing exceedingly to exchange things, which she would entertain me with, I told troubling your lordship with serving you, I rest her, in my absence I had written to Sir Robert Cecil, Your lordship’s, in most entire and faithful

to solicit her to call you to that place, to which all service,

the world had named you ; and being now here, I FRANCIS BACON.

must follow it myself; for I know what service I

should do her in procuring you the place ; and she I humbly pray your lordship I may hear from knew not how great a comfort I should take in it. you some time this day.

Her answer in playing just was, that she came not 30th March, 1594.

to me for that, I should talk of those things when I


Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iii. fol. 62, Lambeth library.

+ Sir Thomas Egerton, That of attorney-general.

$ Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iv, fol. 122, in the Lambeth library. Il Tid.

'T Ibid.

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came to her, not when she came to me; the term was coming, and she would advise. I would have FOULKE GREVILL, ESQ. TO MR. FRANCIS replied, but she stopped my mouth. To-morrow or

BACON.T the next day I will go to her, and then this excuse

Mr. Francis Bacon, will be taken away. When I know more, you shall hear more ; and so I end full of pain in my head, SATURDAY was my first coming to the court, from which makes me write thus confusedly.

whence I departed again as soon as I had kissed Your most affectionate friend.

her Majesty's hands, because I had no lodging nearer than my uncle's, which is four miles off. This day I came thither to dinner, and waiting for to speak with the queen, took occasion to tell how

I met you, as I passed through London; and among THE SAME TO THE SAME.*

other speeches, how you lamented your misfortune SIR,

to me, that remained as a withered branch of her I went yesterday to the queen through the gal- roots, which she had cherished and made to flourish leries in the morning, afternoon, and at night. I in her service. I added what I thought of your had long speech with her of you, wherein I urged worth, and the expectation for all this, that the both the point of your extraordinary sufficiency, world had of her princely goodness towards you : proved to me not only by your last argument, but which it pleased her Majesty to confess, that indeed by the opinion of all men I spake withal, and the you began to frame very well, insomuch as she saw point of mine own satisfaction, which, I protested, an amends in those little supposed errors, avowing should be exceeding great, if, for all her unkindness the respect she carried to the dead, with very exand discomforts past, she should do this one thing ceeding gracious inclination towards you. Some for my sake. To the first she answered, that the comparisons there fell out besides, which I leave till greatness of your friends, as of my lord treasurer we meet, which I hope shall be this week. It and myself, did make men give a more favourable pleased her withal to tell of the jewel you offered testimony than else they would do, thinking thereby her by Mr. Vice-chamberlain, which she had rethey pleased us. And that she did acknowledge fused, yet with exceeding praise. I marvel, that as you had a great wit, and an excellent gift of speech, a prince she should refuse those havings of her poor and much other good learning. But in law she subjects, because it did include a small sentence of rather thought you could make show to the utter- despair ; but either I deceive myself, or she was remost of your knowledge, than that you were deep. solved to take it; and the conclusion was very kind To the second she said, she showed her mislike to and gracious. Sure as I will 1001. to 501. that you the suit

, as well as I had done my affection in it; shall be her solicitor, and my friend : in which mind and that if there were a yielding, it was fitter to be and for which mind I commend you to God. From of my side. I then added, that this was an answer, the court this Monday in haste, with which she might deny me all things, if she Your true friend to be commanded by you, did not grant them at the first, which was not her

FOULKE GREVILL. manner to do. But her Majesty had made me suffer and give way in many things else; which all I We cannot tell whether she come to should bear, not only with patience, but with great stay here. I am much absent for want of lodging; contentment, if she would but grant my humble wherein my own man hath only been to blame. suit in this one. And for the pretence of the ap

Indorsed, 17th June, 1594. probation given you upon partiality, that all the world, lawyers, judges, and all, could not be partial to you; for somewhat you were crossed for their own interest

, and some for their friends ; but yet all MR. FRANCIS BACON TO THE QUEEN. did yield to your merit. She did in this as she useth in all , went from a denial to a delay, and said,

Most GRACIOUS AND ADMIRABLE SOVEREIGN, when the council were all here, she would think of As I do acknowledge a providence of God towards it; and there was no haste in determining of the me, that findeth it expedient for me tolerare jugum place. To which I answered, that my sad heart had in juventute mea : so this present arrest of mine by need of hasty comfort : and therefore her Majesty his Divine Majesty from your Majesty's service is maust pardon me, if I were hasty and importunate in not the least affliction, that I have proved; and I it . When they come we shall see what will be hope your Majesty doth conceive, that nothing under done; and I wish you all happiness, and rest mere impossibility could have detained me from Your most affectionate friend,

earning so gracious a vail, as it pleased your Ma

ESSEX. jesty to give me. But your Majesty's service by the Indorsed, 18th of May, 1594.

grace of God shall take no lack thereby; and thanks to God, it hath lighted upon him, that may be best spared. Only the discomfort is mine, who never

theless have the private comfort, that in the time I Among the papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iv, fol. + Ibid. folio 132. 12, in the Lambeth library.

Ibid. fol. 141 and 156. L



have been made acquainted with this service, it hath | alleged she was then to resolve with the council been my hap to stumble upon somewhat unseen, upon her places of law. But this resolution was which may import the same, as I made my lord ut supra ; and note, the rest of the counsellors were keeper acquainted before my going. So leaving it persuaded she came rather forwards than otherwise ; to God to make a good end of a hard beginning, and for against me she is never peremptory but to my most humbly craving your Majesty's pardon for pre- lord of Essex. I missed a line of my lord keeper's; suming to trouble you, I recommend your sacred but thus much I hear otherwise. The queen seemMajesty to God's tenderest preservation.

eth to apprehend my travel. Whereupon I was Your sacred Majesty's in most humble obe- sent for by Sir Robert Cecil in sort as from her dience and devotion,

Majesty; himself having of purpose immediately

FR. BACON. gone to London to speak with me; and not finding From Huntingdon, this

me there, he wrote to me. Whereupon I came to 20th of July, 1594.

the court, and upon his relation to me of her Majesty's speeches, I desired leave to answer it in writing ; not, I said, that I mistrusted his report,

but mine own wit; the copy of which answer I send. MR. FRANCIS BACON TO HIS BROTHER We parted in kindness secundum exterius. This ANTONY. *

copy you must needs return; for I have no other ;

and I wrote this by memory after the original was MY GOOD BROTHER,

sent away.

The queen's speech is after this sort. ONE day draweth on another; and I am well Why? I hare made no solicitor. Hath any body pleased in my being here; for methinks solitariness carried a solicitor with him in his pocket? But he collecteth the mind, as shutting the eyes doth the must have it in his own time, (as if it were but yestersight. I pray you therefore advertise me what you day’s nomination,) or else I must be thought to cast find, by my lord of Essex, (who, I am sure, hath him away. Then her Majesty sweareth thus ; “ If been with you,) was done last Sunday; and what I continue this manner, she will seek all England he conceiveth of the matter. I hold in one secret, for a solicitor rather than take me. Yea, she will and therefore you may trust your servant. I would send for Heuston and Coventry $ to-morrow next," be glad to receive my parsonage rent as soon as it as if she would swear them both. Again she entercometh. So I leave you to God's good preservation. eth into it, that “ she never deals so with any as

Your ever loving brother, with me, (in hoc erratum non est,) she hath pulled

me over the bar, (note the words, for they cannot be From Twickenham-Park, this

her own,) she hath used me in her greatest causes. Tuesday morning, 1594.

But this is Essex; and she is more angry with him

than with me." And such like speeches so strange Indorsed, 16 Oct. 1594.

as I should lose myself in it, but that I have cast off the care of it. My conceit is, that I am the least part of mine own matter. But her Majesty

would have a delay, and yet would not bear it herEARL OF ESSEX TO MR. FRANCIS BACON.Tself. Therefore she giveth no way to me, and she

perceiveth her council giveth no way to others; and SIR,

so it sticketh as she would have it. But what the I will be to-morrow night at London. I pur- secret of it is, oculus aquilæ non penetravit. My pose to hear your argument the next day. I pray lord || continueth on kindly and wisely a course woryou send me word by this bearer of the hour, and thy to obtain a better effect than a delay, which to place, where it is. Of your own cause I shall give me is the most unwelcome condition. better account when I see you, than I can do now; Now to return to you the part of a brother, and for that which will be done, will be this afternoon, to render you the like kindness, advise you, whether or to-morrow.

it were not a good time to set in strongly with the I am fast unto you, as you can be to yourself, queen to draw her to honour your travels. For in


the course I am like to take, it will be a great and Indorsed, 23 Oct. 1594.

necessary stay to me, besides the natural comfort I shall receive. And if you will have me deal with my lord of Essex, or otherwise break it by mean to

the queen, as that, which shall give me full conMR. FRANCIS BACON TO HIS BROTHER

tentment, I will do it as effectually, and with as ANTONY.

much good discretion, as I can. Wherein if you GOOD BROTHER,

aid me with your direction, I shall observe it. This

as I did ever account it sure and certain to be acSince I saw you this hath passed. Tuesday, complished, in case myself had been placed, and though sent for, I saw not the queen. Her Majesty therefore deferred it till then, as to the proper op

Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq.vol. iv. fol. 197, § Thomas Coventry, afterwards one of the justices of the in the Lambeth library.

common pleas, and faiher of the lord keeper Coventry. + Ibid. fol. 195.

# Ibid. fol. 28.

|| Essex.

portunity; so now that I see such delay in mine that should come from me, should offend her Maown placing, I wish ex animo it should not expect. jesty, whom for these one and twenty years (for so

I pray you let me know what mine uncle Killi- long it is, that I kissed her Majesty's hands upon my grew will do ;* for I must be more careful of my journey into France) I have used the best of my credit than ever, since I receive so little thence wits to please. where I deserved best. And to be plain with you, Next, mine answer standing upon two points, the I mean even to make the best of those small things one, that this mention of travel to my lord of Essex I have with as much expedition, as may be without was no present motion, suit, or request ; but casting loss; and so sing a mass of requiem, I hope, abroad. the worst of my fortune with an honourable friend, For I know her Majesty's nature, that she neither that had long used me privately, I told his lordship careth though the whole surname of Bacons travel of this purpose of mine to travel, accompanying it led, nor of the Cecils neither.

with these very words, that upon her Majesty's rejectI have here an idle pen or two, specially one, ing me with such circumstance, though my heart might that was cozened, thinking to have got some money be good, yet mine eyes would be sore, that I should this term. I pray send me somewhat else for them take no pleasure to look upon my friends ; for that to write out besides your Irish collection, which is I was not an impudent man, that could face out a almost done. There is a collection of king James, disgrace; and that I hoped her Majesty would not of foreign states, largeliest of Flanders ; which, be offended, that, not able to endure the sun, I fled though it be no great matter, yet I would be glad into the shade. The other, that it was more than to have it. Thus I commend you to God's good this; for I did expressly and particularly (for so protection.

much wit God then lent me) by way of caveat reYour entire loving brother, strain my lord's good affection, that he should in no FR. BACON. wise utter or mention this matter till her Majesty

had made a solicitor : wherewith (now since my From my lodging at Twickenham-Park, this 25th of January, 1594.

looking upon your letter) I did in a dutiful manner challenge my lord, who very honourably acknowledged it, seeing he did it for the best: and there

fore I leave his lordship to answer for himself. All LETTER OF MR. FRANCIS BACON TO SIR this my lord of Essex can testify to be true; and I ROBERT CECIL, A COPY OF WHICH WAS report me to yourself, whether at the first, when I SENT WITH THE PRECEDING TO MR. AN- desired deliberation to answer, yet nevertheless said, TONY BACON.

I would to you privately declare what had passed,

I said not in effect so much. The conclusion SIR,

shall be, that wheresoever God and her Majesty shall Yore honour may remember, that upon relation appoint me to live, I shall truly pray for her Maof her Majesty's speech concerning my travel, I asked jesty's preservation and felicity. And so I humbly leave to make answer in writing; not but I knew commend me to you. then what was true, but because I was careful to

Your poor kinsman to do you service, Express it without doing myself wrong. And it is

FR. BACON. true, I had then opinion to have written to her

Indorsed, January, 1594.
Majesty : but since weighing with myself, that her
Majesty gave no ear to the motion made by your-

, that I might answer by mine own attendance, I began to doubt the second degree, whether it might The Speeches | drawn up by Mr. Francis Bacon for not be taken for presumption in me to write to her Majesty ; and so resolved, that it was best for me to

the Earl of Essex in a device s exhibited by his follow her Majesty's own way in committing it to

lordship before Queen ELIZABETH, on the anniterFour report.

sary of her accession to the throne November 17,

1595, It may please your honour to deliver to her Majesty, first, that it is an exceeding grief to me, that

THE SQUIRE'S SPEECH. ary not motion (for it was not a motion) but mention, Most excellent and most glorious queen, give me

11. Antony Bacon had written to Sir Henry Killigrew fourth was his own follower to whom the other three imparted (a the lith of January, 15915, to desire the loan of two hun- much of their purpose before thc earl came in. “ Another,” sred pounds for six months. Vol. iv. fol. 4.

adds Mr. Whyte,“ devised with him, persuading him to this I Among the Papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iv. fol. 31. and that course of life, according to their inclinations. Comes Bishop Gibson's papers, vol. v. No. 118.

into the tilt-yard, unthought upon, the ordinary post-boy of An account of this device, which was much applauded, is London, a ragged villain, all bemired, upon a poor lean jade prven by Mr. Rowland Whyte to Sir Robert Sydney, in a galloping and blowing for life, and delivered the secretary a F-tier cated at London, Saturday the 22nd of November, 1595, packet of letters,

which he presently offered my lord of Essex. i printed in the Letters and Memorials of State of the And with this dumb show our eyes were fed for that time. In Sitsey family, vol. i. p. 362. According to this letter, the the after-supper, before the queen; they first delivered a wellmarl of Essex, some considerable time before he came himself penned speech to move this worthy knight to leave his follow1513 the tilt-yard, sent his page with some speech to the queen, ing of love, and to betake him to heavenly meditation; the so returned with her Majesty's glove; and when his lord- secretary's all tending to have him follow matters of state; the a. peame himself, he was met by an old hermit, a secretary soldier's persuading him to the war: but the squire answered of state a brave soldier, and an esquire. The first presented them all, and concluded with an excellent, hut too plain, late with a book of meditations; the second with political dis- English, that this knight would never forsake his mistress's (untes; the third with orations of bravely fought battles; the love, whose virtue made all his thoughts divine; whose wisdom

leave, I beseech your Majesty, to offer my master's the muses is above tempests, always clear and calm; complaint and petition; complaint, that coming a hill of the goodliest discovery that man can have, hither to your Majesty's most happy day, he is tor- being a prospect upon all the errors and wanderings mented with the importunity of a melancholy of the present and former times. Yea, in some cliff dreaming hermit, a mutinous brain-sick soldier, and it leadeth the eye beyond the horizon of time, and a busy tedious secretary. His petition is, that he may giveth no obscure divinations of times to come. So be as free as the rest; and, at least, whilst he is that if he will indeed lead vitam vitalem, a life here, troubled with nothing but with care how to that unites safety and dignity, pleasure and merit; please and honour you.

if he will win admiration without envy ; if he will be in the feast, and not in the throng; in the light,

and not in the heat; let him embrace the life of THE HERMIT'S SPEECH IN THE PRESENCE.

study and contemplation. And if he will accept of

no other reason, yet because the gift of the muses Though our ends be diverse, and therefore may will enworthy him in love, and where he now looks be one more just than another; yet the complaint of on his mistress's outside with the eyes of sense, this Squire is general, and therefore alike unjust which are dazzled and amazed, he shall then behold against us all. Albeit he is angry, that we offer her high perfections and heavenly mind with the ourselves to his master uncalled, and forgets we eyes of judgment, which grow stronger by more come not of ourselves, but as the messengers of self- nearly and more directly viewing such an object. love, from whom all that comes should be well taken. He saith, when we come, we are importunate. If he mean, that we err in form, we have that

THE SOLDIER'S SPEECH. of his master, who being a lover, useth no other form of soliciting. If he will charge us to err in matter, I SQUIRE, the good old man hath said well to you; for my part will presently prove, that I persuade him but I dare say, thou wouldst be sorry to leave to to nothing but for his own good. For I wish him carry thy master's shield, and to carry his books: to leave turning over the book of fortune, which is and I am sure thy master had rather be a falcon, a but a play for children; when there be so many bird of prey, than a singing bird in a cage. The books of truth and knowledge, better worthy the muses are to serve martial men, to sing their farevolving; and not fix his view only upon a picture mous actions; and not to be served by them. Then in a little table, when there be so many tables of hearken to me. histories, yea to life, excellent to behold and admire. It is the war that giveth all spirits of valour, not Whether he believe me or no, there is no prison to only honour, but contentment. For mark, whether the prison of the thoughts, which are free under the ever you did see a man grown to any honourable greatest tyrants. Shall any man make his conceit, commandment in the wars, but whensoever he gave as an anchorite, mured up with the compass of one it over, he was ready to die with melancholy ? beauty or person, that may have the liberty of all Such a sweet felicity is that noble exercise, that contemplation ? Shall he exchange the sweet tra- he, that hath tasted it thoroughly, is distasted for velling through the universal variety, for one weari- all other. And no marvel; for if the hunter takes some and endless round or labyrinth ? Let thy mas- such solace in his chace ; if the matches and ter, Squire, offer his service to the muses. It is wagers of sport pass away with such satisfaction long since they received any into their court. They and delight; if the looker on be affected with pleagive alms continually at their gate, that many come sure in the representation of a feigned tragedy ; to live upon; but few they have ever admitted into think what contentment a man receiveth, when they, their palace. There shall he find secrets not dan- that are equal to him in nature, from the height of gerous to know; sides and parties not factious to insolency and fury are brought to the condition of hold; precepts and commandments not penal to dis- a chased prey; when a victory is obtained, whereof obey. The gardens of love, wherein he now placeth the victories of games are but counterfeits and himself, are fresh to-day, and fading to-morrow, as shadows; and, when in a lively tragedy, a man's the sun comforts them, or is turned from them. But enemies are sacrificed before his eyes to his fortune. the gardens of the muses keep the privilege of the Then for the dignity of military profession, is it golden age; they ever flourish, and are in league not the truest and perfectest practice of all virtues ? with time. The monuments of wit survive the of wisdoms in disposing those things, which are monuments of power. The verses of a poet endure most subject to confusion and accident: of justice, without a syllable lost, while states and empires in continual distributing rewards: of temperance, pass many periods. Let him not think he shall in exercising of the straitest discipline: of fortitude, descend; for he is now upon a hill, as a ship is in toleration of all labours, and abstinence from mounted upon the ridge of a wave: but that hill of effeminate delights : of constancy, in bearing and taught him all truc policy; whose beauty and worth were at dant, and that Mr. Tobie Matthew was the squire. all times able to make him fit to command armies. He world,” says Mr. Whyte,“ makes many untrue constructions showed all the defects and imperfections of all their times; of these speeches, comparing the hermit and the secretary to and therefore thought his course of life to be best in serving two of the lords ; and the soldier to Sir Roger Williams. But · his mistress.” Mr. Whyte then mentions, that the part of the queen said, that if she had thought there had been so the old hermit was performed by him, who at Cambridge much said of her, she would not have been there that night; played that of Giraldi; that Morley acted the secretary, and and so went to bed." thai the soldier was represented by him, who acted the pe

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