this that likewise hath made the foreigner recipro-persuaded, if a penny in the pound which hath cally more plausible with the rebel. Therefore a been spent in poena, for this kind of war is but toleration of religion, for a time, not definite, except pæna, a chastisement of rebels, without fruit or emoit be in some principal towns and precincts, after lument to this state, had been spent in præmio, that the manner of some French edicts, seemeth to me is, in rewarding, things had never grown to this to be a matter warrantable by religion, and in policy extremity. But to speak forwards. The keeping of absolute necessity. And the hesitation in this of the principal Irish persons in terms of contentpoint, I think, hath been a great casting back of the ment, and without cause of particular complaint ; affairs there. Neither if any English papist or re- and generally the carrying of an even course becusant shall, for liberty of his conscience, transfer tween the English and the Irish ; whether it be in his person, family, and fortunes thither; do I hold competition, or whether it be in controversy, as if they it a matter of danger, but expedient to draw on un- were one nation, without that same partial course dertaking, and to further population. Neither if which hath been held by the governors and counRome will cozen itself, by conceiving it may be some sellors there, that some have favoured the Irish, degree to the like toleration in England, do I hold and some contrary, is one of the best medicines of it a matter of any moment; but rather a good mean that state. And as for other points of contentment, to take off the fierceness and eagerness of the as the countenancing of their nobility as well in humour of Rome, and to stay further excommunica- this court as there; the imparting of knighthood; tions or interdictions for Ireland. But there would the care of education of their children, and the like go hand in hand with this, some course of advancing points of comfort and allurement; they are things religion indeed, where the people is capable thereof; which fall into every man's consideration. as the sending over some good preachers, especially For the extirpating of the seeds of troubles, I of that sort which are vehement and zealous per- suppose the main roots are but three. The first, the suaders, and not scholastical, to be resident in princi- ambition and absoluteness of the chief of the famipal towns; endowing them with some stipends out lies and septs. The second, the licentious idleness of her Majesty's revenues, as her Majesty hath of their kernes and soldiers, that lie upon the country, most religiously and graciously done in Lancashire: by cesses and such like oppressions. And the third, and the recontinuing and replenishing the college the barbarous laws, customs, their brehon laws, begun at Dublin, the placing of good men to be habits of apparel, their poets or heralds that enchant bishops in the sees there, and the taking care of the them in savage manners, and sundry other such versions of Bibles and catechisms, and other books dregs of barbarism and rebellion, which by a numof instruction, into the Irish language; and the like ber of politic statutes of Ireland, meet to be put in religious courses, both for the honour of God, and execution, are already forbidden ; unto which such for the avoiding of scandal and insatisfaction here, additions may be made as the present time requireth. by the show of a toleration of religion in some parts But the deducing of this branch requireth a more there,

particular notice of the state and manners there, For justice : the barbarism and desolation of the than falls within my compass. country considered, it is not possible they should For plantations and buildings, I do find it strange find any sweetness at all of justice; if it shall be, that in the last plot for the population of Munster, which hath been the error of times past, formal, there were limitations how much in demesne, and and fetched far off from the state ; because it will re- how much in farm, and how much in tenancy; quire running up and down for process ; and give again, how many buildings should be erected, how occasion for polling and exactions by fees, and many many Irish in mixture should be admitted, and other delays and charges. And therefore there must other things foreseen almost to curiosity: but no be an interim in which the justice must be only restraint that they might not build sparsim at their summary; the rather, because it is fit and safe for a pleasure ; nor any condition that they should make time the country do participate of martial govern- places fortified and defensible : which omission was ment; and therefore, I could wish in every principal a strange neglect and secureness, to my understandtown or place of habitation, there were a captain ing. So as for this last point of plantations and or governor ; and a judge, such as recorders and buildings, there be two considerations which I hold learned stewards are here in corporations, who may most material; the one for quickening, and the have a prerogative commission to hear and determine other for assuring. The first is, that choice be secundum sanam discretionem; and as near as may made of such persons for the government of towns be to the laws and customs of England ; and that and places, and such undertakers be procured, as by bill or plaint, without original writ; reserving be men gracious and well beloved, and are like to from their sentence matter of freehold and inherit- be well followed. Wherein for Munster, it may be, ance, to be determined by a superior judge itinerant; because it is not res integra ; but that the former and both sentences, as well of the baily wick judge, undertakers stand interessed, there will be some as itinerant, to be reversed, if cause be, before the difficulty ; but surely, in mine opinion, either by council of the province to be established there with agreeing with them, or by overruling them with fit instructions.

a parliament in Ireland, which in this course of For obligation and reward ; it is true, no doubt, a politic proceeding, infinite occasions will require which was anciently said, that a state is contained speedily to be held, it will be fit to supply fit qualiin two words, præmium and pæna; and I am fied persons for undertakers. The other, that it be not left, as heretofore, to the pleasure of the under-ties; though the total of the rents be set down as it takers and adventurers, where and how to build and now goeth, without improvement: in which respect plant; but that they do it according to a prescript it may somewhat differ from your first note. Out ar formulary. For first, the places, both maritime of this, what he will assure in jointure, I leave it to and inland, which are fittest for colonies or garrisons, his own kindness; for I love not to measure affecas well for doubt of the foreigner, as for keeping tion. To conclude, I doubt not your daughter might the country in bridle, will be found, surveyed, and have married to a better living, but never to a better resolved upon: and then that the patentees be tied life; having chosen a gentleman bred to all honesty, to build in those places only, and to fortify as shall virtue, and worth, with an estate convenient. And be thought convenient. And lastly, it followeth of if my brother or myself were either thrivers, or forcourse, in countries of new populations, to invite tunate in the queen's service, I would hope there and provoke inhabitants by ample liberties and should be left as great a house of the Cokes in this charters.

gentleman, as in your good friend Mr. AttorneyGeneral. But sure I am, if Scriptures fail not, it will have as much of God's blessing; and sufficiency

is ever the best feast, &c. LIX. TO MY LORD OF CANTERBURY


LXI. A LETTER OF RECOMMENDATION OF I HAVE considered the objections, perused the

HIS SERVICE TO THE EARL OF NORTHUM. statutes, and framed the alterations, which I send,

BERLAND, A FEW DAYS BEFORE QUEEN still keeping myself within the privity of a letter,

ELIZABETH'S DEATH.. and form of narration ; not entering into a form of argument or disputation : for, in my poor conceit, it

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR GOOD LORDSHIP, is somewhat against the majesty of princes' actions, to make too curious and striving apologies, but

As the time of sowing a seed is known, but the rather to set them forth plainly, and so as there time of coming up and disclosing is casual, or acmay appear a harmony and constancy in them, so cording to the season ; so I am witness to myself, that one part upholdeth another. And so I wish

that there hath been covered in my mind a long your Grace all prosperity. From my poor lodging, time a seed of affection and zeal towards your lordthis, &c.

ship, sown by the estimation of your virtues, and Your Grace's most dutiful pupil and servant.

your particular honours and favours to my brother deceased, and myself; which seed still springing, now bursteth forth into this profession. And to be

plain with your lordship, it is very true, and no winds LX. TO SIR THOMAS LUCY.T

or noises of civil matters can blow this out of my

head or heart, that your great capacity and love toSIR,

wards studies and contemplations of a higher and THERE was no news better welcome to me this worthier nature, than popular, a nature rare in the long time, than that of the good success of my kins-world, and in a person of your lordship’s quality man; wherein if he be happy, he cannot be happy almost singular, is to me a great and chief motive to alone, it consisting of two parts. And I render you draw my affection and admiration towards you. And no less kind thanks for your aid and favour towards therefore, good my lord, if I may be of any use to him, than if it had been for myself ; assuring you your lordship, by my head, tongue, or pen, means, that this bond of alliance shall on my part tie me to

or friends, I humbly pray you to hold me your own; give all the tribute to your good fortune upon

and herewithal, not to do so much disadvantage to sions, that my poor strength can yield. I send you, my od mind, nor partly to your own worth, as to so required, an abstract of the lands of inheritance; conceive that this commendation of my humble serand one lease of great value, which my kinsman vice proceedeth out of any straits of my occasions, bringeth ; with a note of the tenures, values, con- but merely out of an election, and indeed the fulness tents, and state, truly and perfectly drawn ; whereby of my heart. And so wishing your lordship all you may perceive the land is good land, and well prosperity, I continue, &c. countenanced by scope of acres, woods, and royal

March 1605 • Rawley's Resuscitatio.

† Ibid.

| Ibid.

all occa



servants which his Majesty will first employ here LXII. TO MR. *FOWLYS. +

with us; where I hope to have some means not to be barren in friendship towards you.

We all thirst after the king's coming, accounting The occasion awaketh in me the remembrance of all this but as the dawning of the day before the the constant and mutual good offices, which passed rising of the sun, till we have his presence. And between my good brother and yourself; whereunto, though now his Majesty must be “ Janus bifrons," as you know, I was not altogether a stranger; to have a face to Scotland, as well as to England, though the time and design, as between brethren, yet " quod nunc instat agendum :" the expectation made me more reserved. But well do I bear in is here he will come in state, and not in strength.|| mind the great opinion which my brother, whose So for this time I commend you to God's goodness. judgment I much reverence, would often express to

28 March, 1603. me, of your extraordinary sufficiency, dexterity, and temper, which he had found in you, in the business and service of the king our sovereign lord. [ This latter bred in me an election, as the former gave an LXIV. TO SIR Y THOMAS CHALONER, THEN inducement for me, to address myself to you; and IN SCOTLAND, BEFORE HIS MAJESTY'S to make this signification of my desire towards a ENTRANCE.** mutual entertainment of good affection and corre

SIR, spondence between us : hoping that both some good effect may result of it towards the king's service ;

For our money matters, I am assured you received and that for our particulars, though occasion give no insatisfaction: for you know my mind, and you you the precedence of farthering my being known, know my means; which now the openness of the by good note, unto the king; so no long time will time caused by this blessed consent, and peace, will intercede before I on my part shall have some means

increase; and so our agreement according to your given to requite your favours, and to verify your

time, be observed. For the present, according to commendation. And so with my loving commend the Roman adage, that “ one cluster of grapes ripenations, good Mr. Fowlys, I leave you to God's eth best besides another,” I know you hold me not goodness.

unworthy, whose mutual friendship you should cher

ish; and I, for my part, conceive good hope, that From Gray's-Inn, 27 March, 1603.

you are likely to become an acceptable servant to the king our master: not so much for any way made heretofore, which, in my judgment, will make no

great difference, as for the stuff and sufficiency which LXIII. TO MR. FOWLYS.

I know to be in you; and whereof, I know, his

Majesty may reap great service.

And therefore, my MR. Fowles,

general request is, that according to that industrious I did write unto you yesterday by Mr. Lake, who vivacity which you use towards your friends, you was despatched hence from their lordships, a letter will further his Majesty's good conceit and inclinaof reviver of those sparks of former acquaintance tion towards me, to whom words cannot make me between us in my brother's time ; and now, upon known, neither mine own, nor others; but time will, the same confidence, finding so fit a messenger, I to no disadvantage of any that shall forerun his would not fail to salute you ; hoping it will fall out Majesty's experience, by your testimony and comso happily, as that you shall be one of the king's mendation. And though occasion give you precedence of doing me this special good office ; yet I the mightiest monarchy in Europe ; and that God hope no long time will intercede before I shall have above, who hath ever a hand in bridling the floods some means to requite your favour and acquit your and motions both of the seas and people's hearts, report. More particularly, having thought good to hath by the miraculous and universal consent, the make oblation of my most humble service to his more strange, because it proceedeth from such diMajesty by a few lines, 1 desire your loving care versity of causes, in your coming in, given a sign and help, by yourself, or such means as I refer to and token of great happiness in the continuance of Four discretion, to deliver and present the same to your reign ; I think there is no subject of your

* Upon the death of queen Elizabeth Mr. Fowlys was sent || My lord Bacon, in his history of king Henry VII. obout of Scotland with letters to divers of the lords of the privy serves the like conduct in that wise prince, in order to quiet council; soon after whose arrival the lord treasurer, the lord the fears of the people, and disperse the conceit of his comiag high admiral, and Sir Robert Cecil, principal secretary of in by conquest. state, returned a large letter of thanks, and of advice to the T'Sir Thomas Chaloner was son to Sir Thomas Chaloner, king concerning the then posture of affairs. He was afterwards who had behaved himself with great valour, under the comcreated a baronet by the name of Sir David Fowlys of Ingle- mand of the emperor Charles V. and the duke of Somerset, by, in the north riding of Yorkshire, where he had seated him- and with equal prudence, in the courts of the emperor and self, and where his posterity now remain. Stephens. king of Spain; whither he was sent ambassador in the beginRawley's Resuscitatio.

ning of the reign of queen Elizabeth. The son was, like his Mr. Anthony Bacon, the elder and only brother to our father, a gentleman of great parts and abilities, to whose care author, of the whole blood, reported to have been equal to him king James committed the tuition of prince Henry, 17 Aug. in height of wit, though inferior in the improvements of learn- 1603. Rymer, xvi. 5 15. Sir Thomas had, a few years before, ing and knowledge. Sir Henry Wotton observes, that he was made the first discovery of alum mines in this nation, at or a gentleman of impotent feet, but of a nimble head, through near Gisborough in Yorkshire; where some of his name and whose hands ran all the intelligences with Scotland. Stephens. family still continue. He survived bis royal pupil just three Rawley's Resuscitatio.

years, dying in November, 1615. Stephens.

** Rawley's Resuscitatio,

Mahis Majesty's hands : of which letter I send you a jesty's which loveth this island, and is not hollow copy, that you may know what you carry; and may or unworthy, whose heart is not set on fire, not only take of Mr. Matthew the letter itself, if you be pleas- to bring you peace-offerings, to make you propied to undertake the delivery. Lastly, I do commend tious; but to sacrifice himself a burnt-offering or to yourself, and such your courtesies as occasion holocaust to your Majesty's service : amongst may require, this gentleman Mr. Matthew, eldest which number no man's fire shall be more pure son to my lord bishop of Duresme, and my very good and fervent than mine ; but how far forth it shall friend, assuring you that any courtesy you shall use blaze out, that resteth in your Majesty's $ employtowards him, you shall use to a very worthy young ment. So thirsting after the happiness of kissing gentleman, and one, I know, whose acquaintance your royal hand, I continue ever. 1603. you will much esteem. And so I ever continue.


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MY LORD, It is observed by some, upon a place in the Can- The present occasion awakeneth in me a rememticles, “ Ego sum flos campi, et lilium convallium,' brance of the constant amity and mutual good offices, that, a dispari, it is not said, “ Ego sum flos horti, which passed between my brother deceased and et lilium montium ;" because the majesty of that your lordship, whereunto I was less strange, than person is not enclosed for a few, nor appropriated to in respect of the time I had reason to pretend ; and the great

And yet, notwithstanding this royal withal, I call to mind the great opinion which my virtue of access, which both nature and judgment brother, who seldom failed in judgment of a person, have planted in your Majesty's mind, as the portal would often express to me of your lordship’s great of all the rest, could not of itself, my imperfections wisdom and soundness, both in head and heart, toconsidered, have animated me to make oblation of wards the service and affairs of our sovereign lord myself immediately to your Majesty, had it not been the king. joined with a habit of the like liberty which I en- The one of those hath bred in me an election, and joged with my late dear sovereign mistress; a prin- the other a confidence to address my good will and cess happy in all things else, but most happy in sincere affection to your good lordship; not doubting, such a successor. And yet farther, and more nearly, in regard that my course of life hath wrought me

а I was not a little encouraged, not only upon a sup- not to be altogether unseen in the matters of the posal that unto your Majesty's sacred ear, open to kingdom, that I may be of some use, both in point the air of all virtues, there might perhaps have come of service to the king, and in your lordship's parsomet small breath of the good memory of my father, ticular. so long a principal counsellor in your kingdom ;I And on the other side, I will not omit humbly to but also a more particular knowledge of the infi- desire your lordship’s favour, in farthering a good nite devotion and incessant endeavours, beyond the conceit and impression of my most humble duty strength of his body, and the nature of the times, and true zeal towards the king ; to whose Majesty which appeared in my good brother, Mr. Anthony words cannot make me known, neither mine own Bacon, towards your Majesty's service ; and were nor others : but time will, to no disadvantage of on your Majesty's part, through your singular beany, that shall forerun his Majesty's experience, by cignity, by many most gracious and lively significa- their humanity and commendations. And so I tions and favours accepted and acknowledged, be-commend your good lordship to God's providence Fond the merit of any thing he could effect: which and protection. endeavours and duties, for the most part, were com

From Gray's-Inn, &c. 1603. mon to myself with him, though by design, as between brethren, dissembled. And therefore, most high and mighty king, my most dear and dread sovereign lord, since now the corner-stone is laid of

* Rawley's

Resuscitatio. + Nutice. Sir Tobie Matthew's Collection of Letters, p. 17.

Sir N. Bacon, lord keeper of the great seal, from the first the 21 Elizabeth.

Pleasure to ordain. Sir Tobie Matthew.

Edward Bruce Mil. Dom. Kinlosse, Magis. Rotulorum curiæ cancellariæ, 19 Jul. 1603. Rymer, xvi. p. 491.

I Scrip. in sacra, p. 56. Edit. 1651.



thy, and in whose fortune you have so great interLXVII. A LETTER TO DOCTOR MORISON, A est. So desiring you to be good to concealed poets,


Your assured friend,


Gray's-Inn this I have thought good by this my letter to renew 28th of March, 1603. this my ancient acquaintance which hath passed between us, signifying my good mind to you to perform to you any good office, for your particular, and my expectation and a firm assurance of the like on your LXIX. TO MR. ROBERT KEMPE, UPON THE part towards me: wherein I confess you may have DEATH OF QUEEN ELIZABETH. the start of me, because occasion hath given you the precedency in investing you with opportunity to use

MR. KEMPE, my name well, and by your loving testimony to fur

This alteration is so great, as you might justly ther a good opinion of me in his Majesty, and the conceive some coldness of my affection towards you, court.

if you should hear nothing from me, I living in this But I hope my experience of matters here will, place. It is in vain to tell you with what wonderwith the light of his Majesty's favour, enable me ful still and calm this wheel is turned round; which, speedily both to requite your kindness, and to acquit whether it be a remnant of her felicity that is gone, and make good your testimony and report. So not

or a fruit of his reputation that is coming, I will not doubting to see you here with his Majesty ; con- determine. For I cannot but divide myself between sidering that it belongeth to your art to feel pulses, her memory and his name: yet we account it but a (and I assure you, Galen doth not set down greater fair morn, before sun-rising, before his Majesty's variety of pulses, than do vent here in men's hearts,) presence: though for my part I see not whence any I wish you all prosperity, and remain

weather should arise. The papists are contained Yours, &c.

with fear enough, and hope too much. The French From my chamber at

is thought to turn his practice upon procuring some

disturbance in Scotland, where crowns may do wonGray's-Inn, &c. 1603.

ders : but this day is so welcome to the nation, and

the time so short, as I do not fear the effect. My LXVIII. TO MR. DAVIES,+ GONE TO MEET lord of Southampton expecteth release by the next THE KING.I

despatch, and is already much visited and much

well-wished. There is continual posting by men of Mr. Davies,

good quality towards the king : the rather, I think, Though you went on the sudden, yet you could because this spring-time it is but a kind of sport. not go before you had spoken with yourself to the It is hoped, that as the state here hath performed purpose which I will now write : and therefore I the part of good attorneys to deliver the king quiet know it shall be altogether needless, save that I possession of his kingdoms, so the king will redemeant to show you, that I was not asleep. Briefly, liver them quiet possession of their places; rather I commend myself to your love and the well using filling places void, than removing men placed. So, my name; as well in repressing and answering for &c. 1603. me, if there be any biting or nibbling at it in that place, as in imprinting a good conceit and opinion of me, chiefly in the king, of whose favour I make LXX. TO THE EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND,|| myself comfortable assurance, as otherwise in that RECOMMENDING A PROCLAMATION TO court: and not only so, but generally to perform to BE MADE BY THE KINGAT HIS ENTRANCE. me all the good offices which the vivacity of your wit can suggest to your mind, to be performed to

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR LORDSHIP, one, with whose affection you have so great sympa- I do hold it a thing formal and necessary for the

* He had held a correspondence with Mr. Anthony Bacon, lish throne with a greater zealthan himself, declaring he would and was employed to find intelligence from Scotland to the remove all impediments by his sword; yet the king, perhaps earl of Essex. See “ Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Eliza- fearing that one who thought he could confer crowns, might beth from the year 1581, till her death.” Vol. I. p. 79, 109, 116. attempt to resume them, caused this great man to be so effec

+ Mr. Davies having made his way unto the knowledge of tually prosecuted in the star-chamber in the year 1606, upon king James, by a poem he dedicated unto the late queen, en- the supposition of his being privy to the powder-plot, or at titled, “Nosce teipsum,” was very favourably received by the least of concealing his cousin Mr. Thomas Piercy, one of the king; and not long after made his attorney-general in Ireland, conspirators therein: that he was fined 30,0001. and condemned and serjeant at law: and in the next reign, was nominated to to perpetual imprisonment. But the lord Hay, afterwards be chief justice of the king's bench in England upon the dis- created viscount Doncaster and earl of Carlisle, marrying in placing of Sir Randal Crew; but died suddenly on 27 De- 1617 his youngest daughter the lady Lucy Piercy, a lady of cember, 1626. He was very conversant with the wits of his the most celebrated wit and beauty of any in her times ;' his time; some of his writings declare his excellency in that kind, release from the Tower was obtained about the year 1621. as others do his abilities in his own profession. Stephens. Though it is said, the earl was with great difficulty prevailed Rawley's Resuscitatio.

§ Ibid.

to accept of this favour, because procured by a man he dis|| Henry Piercy, the ninth earl of Northumberland of that dained to own to be so near a relation, as that of a son. naine, had not only great learning himself, but was also patron Stephens. of other learned men, especially mathematicians. And 1 Rawley's Resuscitatio. though no man espoused the title of king James to tho Eng.

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