the king.

I shall honour my lord with pen and words; and Remembrances of the Lord Viscount St. Alban, upon be ready to give him faithful and free counsel, as his going to the lord treasurer. *

ready as when I had the seal; and mine ever sua

vibus modis for safety, as well as for greatness. MY LORD,

The king and the prince, I hear for certain, well For past matters, they are memorial with me. affected. I thank God I am so far from thinking to retrieve

To dine with: a fortune, as I did not mark where the game fell. To go to New-hall. I ascribe all to Providence. Your lordship hath greatness; and I hope you will line it with goodness. Of me you can have no use; but you may have honour by me, in using me well: for my fortune is

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. much in your hands.

EXCELLENT LORD, For Sir G. I heard by Sir Arthur,t you thought well of my dealing to him ; for so Ingram told me. I PERCEIVE this day, by Mr. Comptroller, that I

But I doubt he reported somewhat amiss of me, live continually in your lordship’s remembrance and that procured that warrant; since which he thinks noble purposes concerning my fortunes, as well for he may bring me to his own conditions, never comes the comfort of my estate, as for countenancing me to me, flies from that he had agreed; so to conclude otherwise by his Majesty's employments and graces; with the letter upon even terms.

for which I most humbly kiss your hands, leaving For the king, I must submit. Ingram told me the times to your good lordship; which, considering there should be a favour in it, till I might sue to my age and wants, I assure myself, your lordship

will the sooner take into your care.

And for my The sequestration as much as a resumption ; for house at Gorhambury, I do infinitely desire your

I if it be as in the king's hands, all will go back ; so lordship should have it; and howsoever I may treat, it requires a farmer.

I will conclude with none, till I know your lordship’s My pension and that the rewards of my long ser- farther pleasure, ever resting vice, and relief of my present means. In parlia

Your lordship's most obliged and faithful ment he said, he would not have me know what

servant, want meant.


Bedford-house, this 5th of Feb. 1622.||
LA. B. I
Of York-house garden :
Of New-hall:
Of my being with my lord treasurer:

Of my business.
It is well begun : I desire it may be your act.

MY VERY GOOD LORD, It is nothing out of the king's purse : it laid fair; I have received, by this bearer, the privy seal for a third part of the profit.

the survey of coals, which I will lay aside, until I The king bestows honour upon reward, one ho- shall hear farther from my lord steward, I and the Cour upon alms and charity.

rest of the lords. Time, I hope, will work this, or a better.

I am ready to do as much as your lordship desirI know my lord will not forsake me.

eth, in keeping Mr. Cotton ** off from the violence He can have but one mother. Friends wayfarers, of those creditors : only himself is, as yet, wanting some to Waltham, some to Ware, and where the in some particular directions. pays part, farewell.

I heartily thank your lordship for your book ; and I do not desire to stage myself, nor pretensions, all other symbols of your love and affection, which but for the comfort of a private life. Yet will I be I will endeavour upon all opportunities to deserve : erer at your and the king's call. Malcontent or and, in the mean time, do rest busy-body, I scorn to be.

Your lordship’s assured faithful poor friend and Though my lord shall have no use of me, yet he


JO. LINCOLN, C. S. For envy, the almanack of that year, is past. You may observe last parliament, though a

Westminster-college, this 7th of February, 1622. high-aiming parliament, yet not a petition, not a

To the right honourable his very good lord, the lord clamour, not a motion, not a mention of me. Visit

viscount St. Alban. ations by all the noblemen about the town.

A little will make me happy; the debts I have paid. . These are written in Greek characters. † Ingram. Duke of Lenox. Lady Buckinghain, mother of the duke.

** Probably the surety of lord Bacon, for the debt to Henry Cary, viscount Falkland.

Harris the goldsmith, mentioned in his lordship’s letter of Two days before the marquis of Buckingham set out pri- May 30, 1622. Fately, with the prince, for Spain.

shall have honour by me.

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Good MR. SECRETARY, Though your lordship's absence* fall out in an ill time for myself; yet because I hope in God this Though I wrote so lately unto you by lord Rochnoble adventure will make your lordship a rich re- ford; yet upon the going of my lord Vaughan,t the turn in honour, abroad and at home, and chiefly in prince's worthy and trusty servant, and my approved the inestimable treasure of the love and trust of that friend, and your so near ally, I could not but put thrice-excellent prince; I confess I am so glad of this letter into his hand, commending myself and it, as I could not abstain from your lordship’s trou- my fortunes unto you. You know the difference of ble in seeing it expressed by these few and hasty obliging men in prosperity and adversity, as much lines.

as the sowing upon a pavement and upon a furrow I beseech your lordship, of your nobleness vouch- new made. Myself for quiet, and the better to hold safe to present my most humble duty to his highness, out, am retired to Gray’s-Inn:for when my chief who, I hope, ere long will make me leave king Henry friends were gone so far off, it was time for me to the Eighth, and set me on work in relation of his go to a cell. God send us a good return of you all. highness's adventures.

I ever rest, &c. I very humbly kiss your lordship’s hands, resting

My humble service to my lord marquis, to whom Your lordship’s most obliged friend and service also to the count Gondomar, and lord of

I have written twice. I would not cloy him. My servant.

February 21, 1622.

To Mr. Secretary, Sir Francis Cottington, March

22, 1622.

TO THE KING. UPON the repair of my lord of Rochford unto your lordship, whom I have ever known so fast and IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY, true a friend and servant unto you; and who knows Now that my friend is absent, for so I may

call likewise so much of my mind and affection towards him still, since your Majesty, when I waited on you, your lordship, I could not but kiss your lordship's told me, that fortune made no difference, your Mahands, by the duty of these few lines.

jesty remaineth to me king, and master, and friend, My lord, I hope in God, that this your noble and all. Your beadsman, therefore, addresseth himadventure will make you a rich return, especially in self to your Majesty for a cell to retire into. The the inestimable treasure of the love and trust of that particular I have expressed to my very friend, Mr. thrice-excellent prince. And although, to a man Secretary Conway. This help, which costs your that loves your lordship so dearly as I do, and Majesty nothing, may reserve me to do your Maknows somewhat of the world, it cannot be, but that jesty service, without being chargeable unto you: in my thoughts there should arise many fears, or for I will never deny, but my desire to serve your shadows of fears, concerning so rare an accident; | Majesty is of the nature of the heart, that will be yet nevertheless, I believe well, that this your lord- ultimum moriens with me. ship's absence will rather be a glass unto you, to God preserve your Majesty, and send you a good show you many things, whereof you may make use return of the treasure abroad, which passeth all hereafter, than otherwise any hurt or hazard to your Indian fleets. fortunes, which God grant. For myself, I am but

Your Majesty's most humble and devoted a man desolate till your return, and have taken a

servant, course accordingly. Vouchsafe, of your nobleness,

FR. ST. ALBAN. to remember my most humble duty to his highness. And so God, and his holy angels, guard you both

March 25, 1623. going and coming.

Indorsed, Indorsed, March 10, 1622.

T'o the king touching the provost ship of Eton.g * In Spain.

house, that knew him intus et in cute ; who, seeing him go † He was son and heir of Walter Vaughan, of Golden thence in pomp, with the great seal before him, said to divers Grove, in Caermarthenshire, Esq. and was created lord of his friends, “ We shall live to have him here again." Vaughan, in the year 1620. The lord St. Alban, after he § Mr. Thomas Murray, the provost of that college, having was delivered from his confinement in the Tower, was per- been cut for the stone, died April 1, 1623. The lord keeper mitted to stay at Sir John Vaughan's house, at Parson's Williams, in an unpublished letter to the marquis of BuckGreen, near Fulham.

ingham, dated 11 April, 1623, has the following passage : | Ina MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carle- Mr. Murray, the provost of Eton, is now dead: the place ton, dated at London, March 8, 1622-3, is the following pas- stayed by the fellows and myself until your lordship's pleasage : “ The lord of St. Alban is in his old remitter, and came sure be known. Whomsoever your lordship shall name I to lie in his old lodgings at Gray’s-Inn; which is the fulfilling shall like of, though it be Sir William Becher, though this of a prophecy of one Locke, a familiar of his of the same provostship never descended so low. The king named unto

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of whom, to your comfort, it is my duty to tell you, TO MR. SECRETARY CONWAY.

his Majesty declared a good opinion, and princely

care and respect. Good MR. SECRETARY,

I will not fail to use time and opportunity to your When you did me the honour and favour to visit advantage: and if you can think of any thing to inme, you did not only in general terms express your struct my affection and industry, your lordship may love unto me, but, as a real friend, asked me whether have the more quick and handsome proof of my I had any particular occasion, wherein I might sure and real intentions to serve you, being indeed make use of you? At that time I had none : now

Your lordship's affectionate servant, there is one fallen. It is, that Mr. Thomas Murray,

ED. CONWAY. provost of Eton, whom I love very well, is like to

Royston, March 27, 1623. die. It were a pretty cell for my fortune. The college and school, I do not doubt, but I shall make to flourish. His Majesty, when I waited on him, took notice of my wants, and said to me, that as he TO COUNT GONDOMAR, THEN IN SPAIN. was a king, he would have care of me. This is a

ILLUSTRISSIME COMES, thing somebody would have ; and costs his Majesty nothing. I have written two or three words to his Multa sunt, quæ mihi animos addunt, et quanMajesty, which I would pray you to deliver. I have dam alacritatem conciliant, ut dominationem tuam not expressed this particular to his Majesty, but re- illustrissimam hoc tempore de meis fortunis compelferred it to your relation. My most noble friend, lam et deprecer. Primum, idque vel maximum, the marquis, is now absent. Next to him, I could quod cum tam arcta regum nostrorum conjunctio jam not think of a better address than to yourself, as habeatur pro transacta, inde et tu factus sis interone likest to put on his affection. I rest

cessor tanto potentior; et mihi nullus jam subsit Your honour's very affectionate friend,

scrupulus universas fortunas meas viro tanto, licet

extero, debendi et acceptas referendi. Secundum, FR. ST. ALBAN.

quod cum ea, quæ dominatio tua illustrissima de me Gray's-Inn, the 25th of March, 1623.

promisso tenus præsens impetraveras, neque ullam repulsam passa sint, neque tamen ad exitum perducta ; videatur hoc innuere providentia divina, ut

hoc opus me a calamitate erigendi plane tuum sit SECRETARY CONWAY, TO THE LORD

initio et fine. Tertium, quod stellæ duæ, quæ mihi VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN."

semper fuerunt propitiæ, major et minor, jam splenRight HONOURABLE,

dent in urbe vestra, unde per radios auxiliares et beI do so well remember the motives, why I pre- nignos amoris erga me tui eum possint nancisci insented you so with my humble service, and particu- Auxum, qui me in aliquo non indigno priore fortuna lar application of it to your particular use, as I gradu collocet. Quartum, quod perspexi ex literis, peither forget nor repent the offer. And I must quas ad amicum meum intimum dominum Tobiam confess a greater quickening could not have been Matthæum nuper scripsisti, memoriam mei apud te added to my resolution to serve you, than the chal- vivere et vigere, neque tanta negotiorum arduorum lenge you lay to my duty, to follow, in his absence, et sublimium mole, quanta dom. tuæ incumbit, obruthe affection of your most noble and hearty friend tam esse aut extinctam. Postremum accidit et illud,

quod postquam ex favore excellent. Domini marI lost no time to deliver your letter, and to con- chionis ad regis mei conspectum et colloquium adtribute the most advantageous arguments I could. It missus fuerim, videar mihi in statu gratiæ collocatus. seems your motion had been more than enough, if Non me allocutus est rex ut criminosum, sed ut hoa former engagement to Sir William Becher upon minem tempestate dejectum ; et simul constantem the marquis his score had not opposed it.

meum et perpetuum in sermone suo industriæ et inI will give you his Majesty's answer, which was; tegritatis tenorem prolixe agnovit, cum insigni, ut That he could not value you so little, or conceive | videbatur, affectu : unde major mihi oboritur spes, you would have humbled your desires and your worth manente ejus erga me gratia, et extincta omni ex diuso low: That it had been a great deal of ease to turnitate invidia, labores illustr. domin. tuæ pro me him to have had such a scantling of your mind; to non incassum fore. Ipse interim nec otio me dedi, nec which he could never have laid so unequal a mea- rebus me importune immiscui, sed in iis vivo, et ea sore. His Majesty adding farther, that since your tracto, quæ nec priores, quos gessi, honores dedeceant, intentions moved that way, he would study your et posteris memoriam nominis mei haud ingratam accommodation. And it is not out of hope, but that fortasse relinquent. Itaque spero me non indignam he may give some other contentment to Sir William fore materiam, in qua et potentiæ et amicitiæ tuæ Becher in due time, to accommodate your lordship, vis elucescat et celebretur ; ut non minus in privata

the marquis.

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me yesterday morning Sir Albertus Morton, Sir Dudley good scholar, but more that he be a good husband, and careful Carleton, and Sir (Robert Aiton, our late queen's secretary manager, and a stayed man; which no man can be, that is so But in my opinion, though he named him last, his Majesty much indebted as the lord of St. Alban's." inclined to this Aiton most. It will rest wholly upon your From the collections of Robert Stephens, Esq. deceased. lordship to name the man. It is somewhat necessary he be a

hominis fortuna potuisse videaris, quam in negotiis saith, God knows those that are his. In particular, publicis. Deus illustriss. dominationem tuam in. I am very much bound to his Majesty, and I pray columem servet et felicitate cumulet.

you, Sir, thank his Majesty most humbly for it, that, Indorsed,

notwithstanding the former designment of Sir Wil

liam Becher,* his Majesty, as you write, is not out of My lord St. Alban's first letter to Gondomar, into

hope, in due time, to accommodate me of this cell, Spain, March 28, 1623.

and to satisfy him otherwise. Many conditions, no doubt, may be as contenting to that gentleman, and

his years may expect them. But there will hardly TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM, IN fall, especially in the spent hour-glass of my life, SPAIN

any thing so fit for me, being a retreat to a place of

study so near London, and where, if I sell my house EXCELLENT LORD,

at Gorhambury, as I purpose to do, to put myself Finding so trusty a messenger as Sir John Epsley, in some convenient plenty, I may be accommodated I thought it my duty to put these few lines into his of a dwelling for summer time. And therefore, good hands. I thank God, that those shadows, which Mr. Secretary, further this his Majesty's good ineither mine own melancholy, or my extreme love to tention, by all means, if the place fall. your lordship, did put into my mind concerning this For yourself, you have obliged me much. I will voyage of the prince and your lordship, rather vanish endeavour to deserve it: at least your nobleness is and diminish, than otherwise. The gross fear is never lost: and my noble friend, the marquis, I past of the passage of France. I think you had the know, will thank you for it. ring, which they write of, that, when the seal was I was looking of some short papers of mine touchturned to the palm of the hand, made men go in- ing usury,t to grind the teeth of it, and yet make it visible. Neither do I hear of any novelty here worth grind to his Majesty's mill in good sort, without disthe esteeming.

contentment or perturbation. If you think good, I There is a general opinion here, that your lord will send it to his Majesty, as the fruit of my leisure. ship is like enough to return, and go again, before But yet I would not have it come from me, not for the prince come : which opinion, whether the busi- any tenderness in the thing, but because I know, in ness lead you to do so or no, doth no hurt; for it courts of princes, it is usual, non res, sed displicet keeps men in awe.

auctor. God keep your honour, &c. I find, I thank God, some glimmering of the

Indorsed, king's favour, which your lordship's noble work of To Mr. Secretary Conway, touching the prorostship my access, no doubt, did chiefly cherish.

I am

of Eton, March 31, 1623. much bound to Mr. Secretary Conway. It is wholly for your lordship's sake; for I had no acquaintance with him in the world. By that I see of him, he is a man fit to serve a great king, and fit to be a friend

TO COUNT GONDOMAR. and servant to your lordship. Good my lord, write two or three words to him, both of thanks, and a ILLUSTRISSIME COMES, general recommendation of me unto him.

Primo loco, ut debeo, gratulor dominationi tuæ Vouchsafe, of your nobleness, to present my most illustrissimæ novum honoris tui gradum per se subhumble duty to his highness. We hear he is fresh limem, sed ex causa, propter quam evectus es, haud in his person, and becomes this brave journey in all

parum nobilitatum. Profectio dom. Tobiæ Matthæi, things. God provide all things for the best.

qui mihi est tanquam alter ego, ut dominatio tua illusI ever rest, &c.

trissima optimè novit, in illas partes, memoriam Indorsed, March 30, 1623.

mihi renovat eximii tui erga me favoris, cum me pluries, paulo ante discessum tuum, in campis, in urbe visitares, et prolixe de voluntate tua erga for

tunas meas pollicereris. Quinetiam tam apud regem TO MR. SECRETARY CONWAY.

meum quam apud marchionem de illis sedulo ageGood Mr. SECRETARY,

res, ut etiam promissum ab illis de postulatis meis

obtinueris. Quod si illo tempore quis mihi genius I am much comforted by your last letter, wherein aut vates in aurem insusurrasset et dixisset, Mitte I find, that his Majesty, of his mere grace and good- ista in præsens: Britannia est regio paulo frigidior : ness, vouchsafeth to have a care of me, a man out differ rem donec princeps Galliæ et marchio Buckof sight, out of use; but yet his, as the Scripture inghamiæ et comes de Gondomar conveniunt in


* Sir William had not, however, that post; but, in lieu of it, and afterwards, much wanted (Life of him by Mr. Isaac Wal. the promise of 25007. upon the fall of the first of the six clerks ton]: for when he went to the election at Eton, soon after his places, and was permitted to keep his clerkship of the council. being made provost, he was so ill provided, that the fellows of MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton, dated the college were obliged to furnish his bare walls, and whatever at London, July 21, 1624. The provostship was given to Sir else was wanting. MS. letter of Mr. Chamberlain, Aug. 7, Henry Wotton, who was instituted into it the 26th of that 1624. month, having purchased it by a surrender of a grant of the + In his works is published, " A Draught of an Act against reversion of the mastership of the rolls, and of another office, an usurious Shift of Gain, in delivering of Commodities instead which was fit to be turned into present money, which he then, of Money.”

Hispania, ubi hujusmodi fructus clementius matu- comfortable news, that he met you well, I could not rescant: quin et viderit idem dom. Tob. Matthæum, but visit you with my letters, who have so often qui illic, quemadmodum nunc, instabit, et negotium visited me with your kind conferences. promovebit : scilicet risissem, sed fidem prorsus My health, I thank God, is better than when you non adhibuissem. Quare, illustrissime comes, cum left me; and, to my thinking, better than before my talia miracula edideris in fortuna publica, etiam in last sickness. This is all I need to write of myself fortuna amici et servi tui privata eniteat virtus tua. to such a friend. Miraculum enim potentiæ et fidei proles est. Tu We hope well, and it is generally rather spoken, potentiam habes, ego fide abundo, si modo digna than believed, that his highness will return very sit res ad quam dominatio tua illustrissima manum speedily. But they be not the best pieces in paintsalutarem porrigat. Id tempus optime demonstrabit. ing, that are dashed out in haste.

I hope, if any Cum nuper ad dominationem tuam illustrissimam thing want in the speed of time, it will be comscripserim, eo brevior fio. Hoc tantum a te peto, pensed in the fruit of time, that all may sort to the ut etiam inter negotia, quæ feliciter administras, best. consuetam digneris dom. Matthæo libertatem pro

ro- I have written a few words of duty and respect ponendi et consulendi apud te ea, quæ in rem only to my lord marquis, and Mr. Secretary. I meam fore videbimus.

pray you kiss the count of Gondomar's hand. Deus illustrissimam tuam dominationem servet God keep you. incolumem, ut enixe optat, etc.

Your most affectionate and assured friend,





TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. Though I have written to your lordship lately,

EXCELLENT LORD, yet I could not omit to put a letter into so good a hand as Mr. Matthew's, being one, that hath often I WRITE now only to congratulate with your Grace made known unto me how much I am beholden to your new honour ;* which because I reckon to be Four lordship : and knoweth likewise in what esti- no great matter to your fortune, though you are the mation I have ever had your lordship, not according first English duke that hath been created since I to your fortunes, but according to your inward was born, my compliment shall be the shorter. So value. Therefore, not to hold your lordship in this having turned almost my hopes of your Grace's retime of so great business, and where I have so good turn, by July, into wishes, and not to them neither, a mean as Mr. Matthew, who, if there be any thing if it should be any hazard to your health, I rest, &c. that concerns my fortune, can better express it than

Vouchsafe, of your nobleness, to present my most myself, I humbly commend myself and my service humble duty to his highness. Summer is a thirsty to your lordship, resting, &c.

time; and sure I am, I shall infinitely thirst to see his highness's and your Grace's return.






MY GOOD LORD, Though I think I have cloyed you with letters, Fet had I written a thousand before, I must add I have received your hearty congratulation for one more by the hands of Mr. Matthew, being as the great honour and gracious favour which his true a friend as any you or I have; and one, that Majesty hath done me; and I do well believe, that made me so happy, as to have the assurance of our no man is more glad of it than yourself. friendship; which if there be any stirring for my Tobie Matthew is here; but what with the jourgood, I pray practise in so good a conjunction as ney, and what with the affliction he endures, to find,

as he says, that reason prevails nothing with these I ever rest, &c.

people, he is grown extreme lean, and looks as sharp as an eyas.t Only he comforts himself with a conceit, that he is now gotten on the other side

of the water, where the same reason, that is valuable TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW.

in other parts of the world, is of no validity here ; Good MR. MATTHEW,

but rather something else, which yet he hath not

found out. Becar' se Mr. Clarke is the first, that hath been I have let his highness see the good expressions sent since your departure, who gave me also the of your lordship's care and faithful affection to his • The title of duke, conferred on him May 18, 1623.

† A young hawk, just taken out of the nest.

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