tion to concern yourself, I will, as in the rest, deal | better than myself. And, as I said before, the freely with your Grace.

points of state I aim not at farther, than they may My lord, you owe, in this matter, two debts to concern your Grace, to whom while I live, and shall the king : the one, that, if in your conscience and find it acceptable to you, I shall ever be ready to judgment you be persuaded it be dangerous and give the tribute of a true friend and servant, and prejudicial to him and his kingdoms, you deliver shall always think my counsels given you happy, your soul, and in the freedom of a faithful counsellor, if you shall pardon them when they are free, and joined with the humbleness of a dutiful servant, you follow them when they are good.

God preserve declare yourself accordingly, and show your reasons.

and prosper you. The other, that if the king in his high judgment, or the prince in his settled affection, be resolved to have it go on, that then you move in their orb, as far as they shall lay it upon you. But meanwhile, let me TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.* tell your Grace that I am not of the general opinion

EXCELLENT LORD, abroad, that the match must break, or else my lord of Buckingham's fortune must break. I am of an- There is a suit, whereunto I may, as it were, other opinion; and yet perhaps it will be hard to make claim kindred, and which may be of credit and you believe it, because both sides will persuade you profit unto me; and it is an old arrear, which is to the contrary. For they that would not have it go called upon, from Sir Nicholas Bacon, my eldest on will work upon that conceit, to make you oppose brother. It may be worth to me perhaps two thouit more strongly. They that would have it go on sand pounds; and yet I may deal kindly with my will do the same, to make you take up betimes, and brother, and also reward liberally, as I mean to do, come about. But I having good affiance in your the officers of the exchequer, which have brought Grace's judgment, will tell you my reasons why I it to light. Good my lord, obtain it of the king, thus think, and so leave it. If the match should and be earnest in it for me. It will acquit the go on, and put case against your counsel and opinion, king somewhat of his promise, that he would have doth any man think, that so pro und a king and care of my wants; for hitherto, since my misfortunes, so well seen in the science of reigning, and so un- I have tasted of his Majesty's mercy, but not of his derstanding a prince, will ever suffer the whole bounty. But your lordship may be pleased in this, sway of affairs and greatness to go that way? And, to clear the coast with my lord treasurer; else if not, who should be a fitter person to keep the there it will have a stop. I am almost at last cast balance eren than your Grace, whom the king and for means; and yet it grieveth me most, that at prinee know to be so entirely their own, and have such a time as this I should not be rather servicefound so nobly independent upon any other ? Surely able to your Grace, than troublesome. my opinion is, you are likely to be greater by coun- God preserve and prosper your Grace. terpoise against the Spanish dependence, than you

Your Grace's most obliged and faithful will by concurrence. And therefore, in God's name,

servant, do your duty faithfully and wisely ; for behaving

FR. ST. ALBAN. Fourself well otherwise, as I know you will, your This 23d of January, 1623. fortune is like to be well either way.

For that excellent lady, whose fortune is so distant from her merits and virtue, the queen of Bohemia, your Grace, being as it were the first-born or

TO THE EARL OF OXFORD.+ prime man of the king's creatures, must in consequence owe the most to his children and generations;

MY VERY GOOD LORD, Whereof I know your noble heart hath far greater Let me be an humble suitor to your lordship, for sense than any man's words can infuse into you. your noble favour. I would be glad to receive my And therefore whatsoever liveth within the compass writ this parliament, that I may not die in dishoof your duty, and of possibility, will no doubt spring nour; but by no means, except it should be with from you out of that fountain.

the love and consent of my lords to re-admit me, if It is open to every man's discourse, that there are their lordships vouchsafe to think me worthy of their bat two ways for the restitution of the Palatinate, company; or if they think that which I have suftreaty and arms. It is good, therefore, to consider fered now these three years, in loss of place, in loss of the middle acts, which may make either of these of means, and in loss of liberty for a great time, to ways desperate, to the end they may be avoided in be a sufficient expiation for my faults, whereby I may that way which shall be chosen. If no match, now seem in theireyes to be a fit subject of their grace, either this with Spain, or perhaps some other with as I have been before of their justice. My good lord, Anstria, no restitution by treaty. If the Dutch, the good, which the commonwealth might reap of either be ruined, or grow to a peace, of themselves, my suffering, is already inned. Justice is done; an with Spain, no restitution by war.

example is made for reformation ; the authority of But these things your Grace understandeth far the house for judicature is established. There can • The duke's answer to this letter, dated at Newmarket, That met February 19, 1623, and was prorogued May the Esth of January, 1623, is printed page 133.

29, 1624. Heary Vere, who died in 1625. He was lord great chamberlain of England.

be no farther use of my misery ; perhaps some little mission, I firmly hope your Grace will deal with his may be of my service; for, I hope I shall be found Majesty, that, as I have tasted of his mercy, I may a man humbled as a christian, though not dejected also taste of his bounty. Your Grace, I know, for a as a worldling. I have great opinion of your lord business of a private man, cannot win yourself more ship's power, and great hope, for many reasons, of honour; and I hope I shall yet live to do you seryour favour; which if I may obtain, I can say no vice. For my fortune hath, I thank God, made no more but nobleness is ever requited in itself; and alteration in my mind, but to the better. I ever rest God, whose special favour in my afflictions I have humbly manifestly found to my comfort, will, I trust, be my

Your Grace's most obliged and faithful servant, pay-master of that, which cannot be requited by

FR. ST. ALBAN. Your lordship's affectionate humble servant, &c.

If I may know, by two or three words from your Indorsed, February 2, 1623.

Grace, that you will set in for me, I will propound somewhat that shall be modest, and leave it to your

Grace, whether you will move his Majesty yourself, TO SIR FRANCIS BARNHAM.*

or recommend it by some of your lordship's friends,

that wish me well; [as my lord of Arundel, or SeGOOD COUSIN,

cretary Conway, or Mr. James Maxwell.]|| Upon a little searching, made touching the patents of the survey of coals, I find matter not only to acquit myself, but likewise to do myself much right.

TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. Any reference to me, or any certificate of mine, I

EXCELLENT LORD, find not. Neither is it very likely I made any; for that, when it came to the great seal, I stayed it. I I UNDERSTAND, by Sir John Suckling, that he did not only stay it, but brought it before the coun- attended yesterday at Greenwich, hoping, according cil-table, as not willing to pass it, except their lord to your Grace's appointment, to have found you ships allowed it. The lords gave hearing to the there, and to have received your Grace's pleasure business, I remember, two several days; and in the touching my suit, but missed of you : and this day end disallowed it, and commended my care and cir- he sitteth upon the subsidy at Brentford, and shall cumspection, and ordered, that it should continue not be at court this week: which causeth me to stayed; and so it did all my time.

use these few lines, to hear from your Grace, I About a twelvemonth since, my lord duke of Lenox, hope, to my comfort: humbly praying pardon, if I now deceased,+ wrote to me to have the privy seal; number thus the days, that misery should exceed which, though I respected his lordship much, I re- modesty. I ever rest fused to deliver to him, but was content to put it Your Grace's most faithful and obliged servant, into the right hand; that is, to send it to my lord

FR. ST. ALBAN. keeper, I giving knowledge how it had been stayed.

June 30, 1624. My lord keeper received it by mine own servant, writeth back to me, acknowledging the receipt, and adding, that he would lay it aside until his lordship heard farther from my lord steward, ş and the rest of

TO SIR RICHARD WESTON, CHANCELLOR the lords. Whether this first privy seal went to the

great seal, or that it went about again, I know not;
but all my part is, that I have related. I ever rest

Your faithful friend and cousin,


by Mr. Myn, besides a number of

little difficulties it hath, amounteth to this, that I

FR. ST. ALBAN. March 14, 1623.

shall pay interest for mine own money. Besides, I must confess, I cannot bow my mind to be a suitor, much less a shifter, for that means, which I enjoy

by his Majesty's grace and bounty. And therefore TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.

I am rather ashamed of that I have done, than

minded to go forward. So that I leave it to yourMY LORD,

self, what you think fit to be done in your honour I am now full three years old in misery; neither and my case, resting hath there been any thing done for me, whereby I

Your very loving friend, might die out of ignominy, or live out of want. But

FR. ST. ALBAN. now that your Grace, God's name be praised for it, hath recovered your health, and are come to the London, this 7th of July, 1624. court, and the parliament business hath also inter

* He appears to be a relation of his lordship's lady, who See his letter to lord St. Alban, of February 7, 1622. was daughter of Benedict Barnham, Esq. alderman of the city James, marquis of Hamilton, who died March 2, 16215. of London. Sir Francis was appointed by his lordship one The words included in brackets have a line drawn after of the executors of his last will.

them. † He died suddenly, February 12, 1623-4.


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is upon the throw. But yet that is all one. For if TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.

it should be a blow, which I hope in God it shall EXCELLENT LORD,

not, yet it would have been ten times worse, if former

courses had not been taken. But this is the raving Now that your Grace hath the king private, and

of a hot ague. at better leisure, the noise of soldiers, ambassadors,

God evermore bless his Majesty's person and deparliaments, a little ceasing, I hope you will re

signs, and likewise make your Grace a spectacle of member your servant; for at so good a time, * and prosperity, as you have hitherto been. after so long a time, to forget him, were almost to forsake him. But, howsoever, I shall still remain

Your Grace's most faithful and obliged, and by

you revived servant, Your Grace's most obliged and faithful servant,


Gray's-Inn, 9th of October, 1624.
I am bold to put into my good friend, Sir Tobie
Matthew's hand, a copy of my petition, which your
Grace had sent to Sir John Suckling.

TO THE CHANCELLOR OF THE DUCHY,I Indorsed, August, 1624.



I do approve very well of your forbearance to

move my suits, in regard the duke's returns is so EXCELLENT LORD,

near at hand, which I thought would have been a I an infinitely bound to your Grace for your late longer matter; and I imagine there is a gratiastilium favours. I send your Grace a copy of your letter, till he come. I do not doubt but you shall find his signifying his Majesty's pleasure, and of the petition. Grace nobly disposed. The last time you spake The course, I take it, must be, to make a warrant with him about me, I remember you sent me word, for the execution of the same, by way of reference he thanked you for being so forward for me. Yet to Mr. Chancellor of the exchequer, and Mr. Attor- I could wish, that you took some occasion to speak ney.t I most humbly pray your Grace likewise, with him, generally to my advantage, before you to prostrate me at his Majesty's feet, with most

move to him any particular suit; and to let me know humble thanks for the grant of my petition, whose how you find him. sweet presence since I discontinued, methinks I am My lord treasurer sent me a good answer touchneither amongst the living, nor amongst the dead. ing my moneys.


pray you continue to quicken I cannot but likewise gratulate his Majesty on the him, that the king may once clear with me. A fire extreme prosperous success of his business, since of old wood needeth no blowing; but old men do. this time twelvemonth. I know I speak it in a I ever rest dangerous time, because the die of the Low-Countries

Yours to do you service.

his crown.

Consultations in Parliament anno I Caroli Regis, at Westminster, anno Domini 1625.||

[Found among Lord Bacon's Papers.]
The consultations now in parliament may be regulated into these four heads following.

1. What it was: and how far the introitus et exitus there ordered. Vide my book of a medium for ten
years before primo Jacobi regis.

Lands; 1.

What now it is in Customs and impositions; The state of the clear revenue, ei- Casualties. king in the con

ther by

Gifts of land, ex mero motu, and no valuable consideration, stant revenue of

This may be revoked.

Grants of pensions, now £120,000, before but £18,000. Good times have resumed 3.

them upon necessity. The means how it

Increase of household, from £45,000 to £80,000. is abated by

The purveyors more, and the tables less furnished than formerly. Fruitless ambassages with larger allowance than formerly. To reduce them to the ordinary of the late qucen.

Treble increase of the privy, purse. Double increase of the treasury of the chamber and great wardrobe. 'In all, by not using the best course of assignments, whereby the creditor is delayed in his payment, and the king surcharged in the price.

The exchequer-man making his best profit from the king's wants. 1.

Subsidies and fifteenths, spent only in defence of the states, or aid of our allies. 2.

Formerly in Tonnage and poundage employed in guard of the seas. Loans rarely, and that The condition

taxes by parlia- employed entirely for the public. Imposition by prerogative of old custom, rated of the subject in

easily by the book of rates, if any, either limited to time or measure. bis freedom and

Custom enhanced by the new books of rates. Impositions and monopolies multifortune.


plied; and this settled to continue by grants. Now in

Tonnage and poundage levied, though no act of parliament, nor the seas guarded.

The times, the ways, and the persons, that induce these. This seems to refer to the anniversary thanksgiving-day $ From Paris, whither the duke of Buckingham went in for the king's delivery from the Gowry conspiracy, on the 5th May, 1625, to conduct the new queen to England. of August, 1600.

11 This parliament met on the 18th of June, and was dissolved † Sir Thomas Coventry. This letter is indorsed, 1625. August 12, 1625.


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What sums have been granted for the defence of the state these last three years.

How in particular spent and where.
By what advice, as

1. The council of war appointed by parliament.
by direction of

2. By full order of the council.

3. By any other than those, and by whom.
How many and 1. The Palatinate.
when transported, 2. Count Mansfield.
or employed, as to 3. Land soldiers in the last fleet.

The design, where they were sent.
The council that directed it.

The success of the action, and the return of the persons in

number, and the loss.
The number and quantity employed severally.,
The manner of embarking these ships, and what prejudice and discouragement
of trade.

The council, that directed such employments.
The several successes, as at Algier, and Cadiz.

Hired by contract to serve, and how used: or
Taken as prize : if so,
How then delivered and dealt withal in the course of justice.

What success hath followed upon injustice done them: as the

arrest of our goods in France and Germany, whereby our goods are
6. at a stand for vent.
Allies. The number and true value of the goods.

The account made to his Majesty or his officers for it.
The dismissing and dis-

1. By whom the direction.

2. The pretence.
charging of any of them

3. The value of the goods.
and the goods, namely,

4. The place whither they went.

3. In ships and munition of

5. Strangers, as


and person.


Under this head will fall the complaint of Dover.

A nation feared, renowned, victorious.
It made the Netherlands there a state when it was none.

Recovered Henry IV. of France's kingdom, when he had nothing left but the town of Dieppe.

Conquered the invincible navy of Spain in 1588.

Took towns in Portugal in the year following, and marched 100 miles upon the 1.

firm land. How formerly we Fired, or brought away, the Spanish navy before Cadiz, and sacked the town. stood.

Took the Spanish ships daily, and spoiled the Port-Towns of the West-Indies, never losing but one ship during all the Spanish wars.

Reduced the ambition of that king for a fifth monarchy to so low an ebb, that in

one year he paid 2500 millions of ducats for interest, so as after he was inforced to 4.

beg treaties of peace, in low terms, at the last queen regent's hand. Honour of the

A carriage and readiness in the people to assist their sovereign in their purse king, and state,

2. which, as in all The cause of the

A wisdom and gravity of council, who ordered nothing but by public debate, and other, consists

good success then. then assisted by the military professors, either by land or sea, of the best repute, in fama

and such only employed. than vi.



In the voyage of Algier.
In what condi- Loss in reputation

In the Palatinate.
by the ill success.

In the journey with Mansfield.
In this last to Cadiz.*

The uncheerfulness we have either to adventure our purses
Condition we now


or goods, occasioned by a distrust we have of the successes. stand by The reasons.

The want of the like courses and counsels, that were for

merly used. I could wish, that for every of these four heads there were a particular committee to examine an apt report for the houses; and the houses, upon every report, to put itself into a committee of the whole assembly; and after a full and deliberate debate, to order a model, or form, for a conference with the lords: and so, together, humbly to present unto his Majesty a remonstrance of their labour; offering withal a serious consultation and debate amongst themselves for the finding out the fittest manner both for the defence of the state and our allies, reformation of the errors, and a constant way to raise such supplies of money and necessaries, as may enable his Majesty to proceed cheerfully, and I hope assuredly, in this his glorious action, not only for himself and the state, but for all that profess the same religion, and are like to be overwhelmed in the ambition of the Spanish monarchy.


a petty sum, that it may help to bear my charge of TO SIR ROBERT PYE.

coming upt to London. The duke, you know,

loveth me, and my lord treasurer | standeth now Good Sir ROBERT PYE,

towards me in very good affection and respect. Let me entreat you to despatch that warrant of You that are the third person in these businesses, I * In October, 1625.

+ From Gorhambury, $ His lordship had not been always in that disposition Sir James Lord Ley, advanced from the post lord towards the lord viscount St. Alban; for the latter, in a letter chief justice of the king's hench, on the 20th of December, to this lord treasurer, severely expostulated with him about his 1624, to that of lord treasurer; and created earl of Marle unkindness and injustice. borough on the 5th of February, 1625-6.

assure myself, will not be wanting ; for you have that liberty, against Sir Nicholas, which abated by professed and showed, ever since I lost the seal, his death; then another against Sir Edmund, which your good will towards me. I rest

by the demise of the king, and by reason of the Your affectionate and assured friend, &c.

adjournment of the late term, hath had no farther

proceeding, but that day is given to plead. Indorsed,

Concerning your other letter, I humbly thank To Sir Robert Pye. Gor. 1625.

your lordship for your favourable and good wishes to me, though I, knowing my own unaptness to so great an employment, I should be most heartily

glad, if his Majesty had, or yet would choose, a man TO THE EARL OF DORSET.

of more merit. But, if otherwise, humbleness and

submission becomes the servant, and to stand in that MY VERY GOOD LORD,

station where his Majesty will have him. But as This gentleman, the bearer hereof, Mr. Colles by for the request you make for your servant, though I name, is my neighbour. He is commended for a protest I am not yet engaged by promise to any, civil young man. I think he wanteth no metal, but because I hold it too much boldness towards my he is peaceable. It was his hap to fall out with master, and discourtesy towards my lord keeper,ş to Mr. Matthew Francis, serjeant at arms, about a toy; dispose of places while he had the seal : yet in the one affirming, that a hare was fair killed, and respect I have some servants, and some of my kinthe other foul. Words multiplied, and some blows dred, apt for the place you write of, and have been passed on either side. But since the first falling already so much importuned by noble persons, when out, the serjeant hath used towards him divers I lately was with his Majesty at Salisbury, as it will threats and affronts ; and, which is a point of danger, be hard for me to give them all denial; I am not sent to him a letter of challenge: but Mr. Colles, able to discern how I can accommodate your serdoubting the contents of the letter, refused to re- vant; though for your sake, and in respect of the ceive it. Motions have been made also of reconcile- former knowledge myself have had of the merit and ment, or of reference to some gentlemen of the worth of the gentleman, I should be most ready and country not partial: but the serjeant hath refused willing to perform your desire, if it were in my all, and now, at last, sueth him in the earl marshal's power. And so, with remembrance of my service court. The gentleman saith, he distrusteth not his to your lordship, I remain, cause upon the hearing; but would be glad to avoid

At your lordship's commandment, restraint, or long and chargeable attendance. Let

THO. COVENTRY. me therefore pray your good lordship to move the noble earl + in that kind, to carry a favourable hand Kingsbury, October 29, 1625. towards him, such as may stand with justice and

T'o the right honourable and my very good lord the the order of that court. I ever rest

viscount St. Alban. Your lordship's faithful friend and servant.

To E. Dorset. Gor. 1625.


Good Mr. Roger PALMER,

I THANK God, by means of the sweet air of the SIR THOMAS COVENTRY, ATTORNEY-GENE-country, I have obtained some degree of health. RAL, TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN. Sending to the court, I thought I would salute you :

and I would be glad, in this solitary time and place, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

to hear a little from you how the world goeth, acI RECEIVED from your lordship two letters, the one cording to your friendly manner heretofore. of the 23d, the other of the 28th of this month. To Fare ye well most heartily. the former I do assure your lordship I have not Your very affectionate and assured friend, heard any thing of any suits or motion, either

FR. ST. ALBAN. touching the reversion of your honours, or the rent

Gorhambury, Oct. 29, 1625. of your farm of petty writs; and, if I had heard any thing thereof, I would not have been unmindful of that caveat, which heretofore you gave in by former TO THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. letters, nor slack to do you the best service I might. The debt of Sir Nicholas Bacon resteth as it did;

EXCELLENT LORD, for in the latter end of king James's time, it exhi- I could not but signify unto your Grace my rebited a quo warranto in the exchequer, touching joicing, that God hath sent your Grace a son and

• Sir Edward Sackville succeeded to that title on the death Bishop Williams, who had resigned the great seal on the of his brother Richard, March 28, 1624.

25th of October, 1625, to Sir John Suckling, who brought his † Arundel, earl marshal.

Majesty's warrant to receive it, dated at Salisbury on the 23d That of the great seal, of which Sir Thomas Coventry was of that month three days after made lord keeper, on the 1st of November, 165.

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