heir,* and that you are fortunate as well in your nostre tres-excellente Royne, & m'en faire recevoir house, as in the state of the kingdom. These bless- quelque gracieuse demonstration. Vostre Excellence ings come from God; as I do not doubt but your prendra aussi, s'il vous plaist, quelque occasion de Grace doth, with all thankfulness, acknowledge, prescher un peu à mon avantage en l'oreille du Duc vowing to him your service. Myself, I praise his de Buckingham en general. Dieu vous ayt en sa Divine Majesty, have gotten some step into health. saincte garde. My wants are great; but yet I want not a desire to Vostre tres-affectionné et tres humble serviteur, to do your Grace service : and I marvel, that your

FR. ST. ALBAN. Grace should think to pull down the monarchy of

January 18, 1625. Spain without my good help. Your Grace will give me leave to be merry, however the world goeth with me.

I ever rest Your Grace's most faithful and obliged ser- The following letters, wanting both date and cirvant, &c.

cumstances to determine such dates, are placed I wish your Grace a good new year.

here together.



I Account myself much bound to your lordship OF THE DUCHY OF LANCASTER.

for your favour showed to Mr. Higgins upon my Good MR. CHANCELLOR,

commendations about Pawlet's wardship; the effect I did wonder what was become of you, and was

of which your lordship's favour, though it hath been very glad to hear you were come to court; which, nification remains : and I must in all reason consent

intercepted by my lord deputy's suit, yet the sig. methinks, as the times go, should miss you as well and acknowledge, that your lordship had as just and as I. I send you another letter, which I wrote to you good cause to satisfy my lord deputy's request

, as

I id think it unlikely, that my lord would have of an old date, to avoid repetition ; and I continue

been suitor for so mean a matter. my request then to you, to sound the duke of Buck

So this being to none other end but to give your ingham's good affection towards me, before


lordship humble thanks for your intended favour, I move him in the particular petition. Only the pre- sent occasion doth invite me to desire, that his Grace commend your lordship to the preservation of the

Divine Majesty. would procure me a pardon of the king of the whole sentence. My writ for parliament I have now had

From Gray's-Inn. twice before the time, and that without any express restraint not to use it. It is true, that I shall not be able, in respect of my health, to attend in parlia

TO SIR FRANCIS VERE.I ment; but yet I might make a proxy. Time hath

SIR, turned envy to pity ; and I have a long cleansing week of five years expectation and more. Sir John

I am to recommend to your favour one Mr. John Bennet hath his pardon ; and my lord of Somerset Ashe, as to serve under you, as agent of your comment. My lord of Suffolk cometh to parliament, farther interested in you, by acquaintance or deseryhath his pardon, and, they say, shall sit in parlia- pany: whose desire how much I do affect, you may

perceive if it be but in this, that myself being no though not to council. I hope I deserve not to be the only outcast.

ing, yet have intruded myself into this commendGod keep you. I ever rest

ation; which, if it shall take place, I shall by so

much the more find cause to take it kindly, by how Your most affectionate friend to do you service.

much I find less cause in myself to take upon me I wish you a good new year.

the part of a mover or commender towards you, Indorsed,

whom nevertheless I will not so far estrange myself To the chancellor of the Duchy. Gor. 1625.

from, but that in a general or mutual respect, incident to persons of our qualities and service, and not without particular inducements of friendship, I might,

without breaking decorum, offer to you a request of TO THE MARQUIS D'EFFIAT, THE FRENCH this nature, the rather honouring you so much for AMBASSADOR.

your virtues, I would gladly take occasion to be

beholden to you; yet no more gladly than to have MONS. L'AMBASSADEUR, MON FILS,

occasion to do you any good office. And so this Vous scavez que le commencement est la moitié being to no other end, I commend you to God's du fait. Voyla pourquoy je vous ay escrit ce petit goodness. mot de lettre, vous priant de vous souvenir de vostre

From my chamber at the noble promesse de me mettre en la bonne grace de

• Born November 17, 1625, and named Charles. Diary of the † From the original draught in the library of Queen's colLife of Archbishop Laud, published by Mr. Wharton, p. 21. lege, Oxford, Arch. D. 2. This son of the duke died the 16th of March, 1626-7. Ibid. p. 40. Ibid.


more than the conservation; and as among men TO MR. CAWFEILDE.*

the birth-day is accounted the chiefest of the days of SIR,

life ; so, to found a kingdom is more worthy, than

to augment, or to administer the same. And this is I MADE full account to have seen you here this an honour that no man can take from your Majesty, reading, but your neither coming nor sending the that the day of your coming to the crown of Enginterr. as you undertook, I may perceive † of a land was as the birth-day of the kingdom entire wonder. And you know super mirari cæperunt phi- Britain. lasophari. The redemption of both these consisteth The next degree of sovereign honour is the plantin the vouchsafing of your coming up now, as soon ation of a country or territory, and the reduction of as you conveniently can; for now is the time of con- a nation, from waste soil and barbarous manners, ference and counsel. Besides, if the course of the to a civil population. And in this kind also your court be held super interrogat. judicis, then must Majesty hath made a fair and prosperous beginning the interr. be ready ere the commission be sealed; in your realm of Ireland. and if the commission proceed not forthwith, then The third eminent act of sovereignty, is to be a will it be caught hold of for farther delay. Ilawgiver, whereof he speaketh, will not, by way of admittance, desire you to send with all speed the interr. because I presume much

“ Pace data terris, animum ad civilia vertit

Jura suum, legesque tulit justissimus author." of your coming, which I hold necessary; and accordingly, pro more amicitiæ, I desire you earnestly And another saith, “ Ecquid est, quod tam proprie to have regard both of the matter itself, and my so dici potest actum ejus, qui togatus in republica cum conceiving. And so, &c.

potestate imperioque versatur, quam lex ? Quære

acta Gracchi; leges Semproniæ proferentur: quære Your friend particularly.

Syllæ, Corneliæ quid ? Cneii Pompeii tertius consulatus in quibus actis consistit ? Nempe legibus. A Cæsare ipso si quæreres quidnam egisset in urbe

et toga; leges multas se respondeat et præclaras TO MY LORD MONTJOYE.I

tulisse." MY VERY GOOD LORD, FINDING by my last going to my lodge at Twickenham and tossing over my papers, somewhat that

TO THE KING. I thought might like you, I had neither leisure to perfect them, nor the patience to expect leisure; so

IT MAY PLEASE your MAJESTY, desirous I was to make demonstration of my honour A FULL heart is like a full pen : it can hardly and love towards you, and to increase your good love make any distinguished work. The more I look towards me. And I would not have your lordship upon my own weakness, the more I must magnify conceive, though it be my manner and rule to keep your favours; and the more I behold your favours, state in contemplative matters, “si quis venerit the more I must consider mine own weakness. This nomine suo, eum recipietis,” that I think so well of is my hope, that God, who hath moved your heart the collection as I seem to do: and yet I dare not take to favour me, will write your service in my heart. too much from it, because I have chosen to dedicate Two things I may promise ; for, though they be not it to you. To be short, it is the honour I can do to mine own, yet they are surer than mine own, because you at this time. And so I commend me to your they are God's gifts ; that is, integrity and industry. love and honourable friendship.

And therefore, whensoever I shall make my account to you, I shall do it in these words, ecce tibi lucri. feci, and not ecce mihi lucrifeci. And for industry,

I take to me, in this procuration, not Martha's TO KING JAMES I.

part, to be busied in many things, but Mary's part,

which is to intend your service; for the less my MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY,

abilities are, the more they ought to be contracted THINKING often, as I ought, of your Majesty's vir- ad unum. For the present, I humbly pray your tae and fortune, I do observe, not without admir- Majesty to accept my most humble thanks and ation, that those civil acts of sovereignty which are vows as the forerunners of your service, which I of the greatest merit, and therefore of truest glory, shall always perform with a faithful heart. are by the providence of God manifestly put into your hands as a chosen vessel to receive from God,

Your Majesty's most obedient servant, and an excellent instrument to work amongst men

FR. BACON. the best and noblest things. The highest degree of sovereign honour is to be founder of a kingdom or estate; for, as in the acts of God, the creation is

• From the original draught in the library of Queen's col- | From the original draught in the library of Queen's Col. lege, Oxford, Arch. D. 2.

lege, Oxford, Arch. D. 2. † Query whether perceive.

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shut against him. Secondly, that the possession of TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT his wife's lease may be restored to her; and this MAJESTY.

bit of arrear to your Majesty, that you will be

pleased to remit it, according to your Majesty's graT'he humble petition of the Lord VERULAM, Viscount cious and pious promise, when you admitted him to ST. ALBAN.

you in the night of his troubles, which was, that you That whereas your supplicant, for reward of full would not meddle with his estate, but to mend it. sixteen years' service in the painfullest places of In the restoring the possession, you shall remove your kingdom, how acceptable or useful, he appeal- your hand of arms; in the remitting of the rent, eth to your Majesty's gracious remembrance, had of you shall extend your hand of grace: and if he be your Majesty's gracious bounty two grants, both not worthy of so much favour, as to have it released under the great seal of England; the one a pension yet, that it may be respited for some good time, that of 12001. the other a farm of the petty writs, about he may make somewhat of that his father left him, 6001. per annum in value, which was long since and keep himself out of want, in such sort, that assigned to your supplicant's wife's friends in trust your supplicant, that aspireth but to live to study, for her maintenance : which two grants are now the be not put to study to live. And he, according to substance of your supplicant's and his wife's means, his bounden duty, shall not intermit, as he ever and the only remains of your Majesty's former hath done, to pray to God for your Majesty's health favours, except his dignities, which without means and happiness. are but burdens to his fortunes :

So it is, most gracious sovereign, that both these are now taken from him; the pension stopped, the lease seized: the pension being, at this present, in TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. arrear 5001. and at Michaelmas 8001. is stopped, as

MY VERY GOOD LORD, he conceiveth, upon the general stop of pensions ; though he hopeth assuredly, that your Majesty, that I hear yesterday was a day of very great honour looketh with the gracious eye of a king, and not to his Majesty, which I do congratulate. I hope the strict eye of an officer, will behold his case as also his Majesty may reap honour out of my especial, if not singular. The latter was first seized adversity; as he hath done strength out of my prosfor satisfaction of a private gentleman, your suppli- perity. His Majesty knows best his own ways ; cant unheard, and without any shadow of a legal and for me to despair of him, were a sin not to be

Since it hath been continued, in respect of forgiven. I thank God I have overcome the bittera debt to your Majesty for the arrear of rent upon ness of this cup by christian resolution; so that the same farm, amounting to 15001. But whereas worldly matters are but mint and cumin. your Majesty's farmers debtors for their rents, and God ever preserve you. other your debtors, have usually favours, sometimes

Indorsed, of stallment, sometimes upon equity, if their farms

To my Lord Buckingham after my troubles. decay, or at least when they are called upon, have days given, put in security, or the like; your supplicant was never so much as sent to, no warnings to provide, no days given, but put out of possession

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. suddenly by a private and peremptory warrant, with

MY VERY GOOD LORD, out any spark of those favours used to the meanest subjects. So that now your supplicant having left I thought it my duty to take knowledge to his little or no annual income, is in great extremity, Majesty, from your lordship, by the enclosed, that, having spread the remnant of his former fortunes much to my comfort, I understand his Majesty doth in jewels and plate, and the like, upon his poor not forget me nor forsake me, but hath a gracious creditors, having scarce left bread to himself and inclination to me, and taketh care of me; and to family.

thank his Majesty for the same. I perceive, by In tender consideration whereof, your supplicant, some speech, that passed between your lordship and and overthrown servant, doth implore your Majesty's Mr. Meautys, that some wretched detractor hath told grace and goodness felt by so many, known to all, you, that it were strange I should be in debt; for and whereof he cannot live to despair : first, in gene that I could not but have received a hundred ral, that your Majesty will not suffer him, upon whose thousand pounds gift since I had the seal; which is arm your princely arm hath so often been, when an abominable falsehood. Such tales as these made you presided in council, so near he was, and who St. James say, that the “tongue is a fire,” and hath borne your image in metal, but more in his " itself fired from hell,” whither, when these tongues heart, utterly to perish; or, which is worse, to live shall return, they will “beg a drop of water to cool in his last days in an abject and sordid condition. them.” I praise God for it, I never took penny for Next, in particular, that your Majesty would be any benefice or ecclesiastical living; I never took graciously pleased to take present order to have the penny for releasing any thing I stopped at the seal; arrear of his pension paid, and likewise that for the I never took penny for any commission, or things of future it may be settled, that he be not at courtesy, that nature; I never shared with any servant for nor to beg at that door, which is like enough to be any second or inferior profit. My offences have


myself recorded, wherein I studied, as a good confessant, guiltiness, and not excuse; and therefore I TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. hope it leaves me fair to the king's grace, and will

MY VERY GOOD LORD, turn many men's hearts to me.

As for my debts, I showed them your lordship, This extreme winter hath turned, with me, a when you saw the little house and the farm, besides weakness of body into a state that I cannot call a little wood or desert, which you saw not.

health, but rather sickness, and that more dangerous If these things were not true, although the joys than felt, as whereby I am not likely to be able to of the penitent be sometimes more than the joys of wait upon your lordship, as I desired, your lordship the innocent, I could not be as I am.

being the person of whom I promise myself more God bless you, and reward you for your constant almost than of any other; and, again, to whom, in love to me. I rest, &c.

all loving affection, I desire no less to approve myself a true friend and servant. My desire to your lordship is to admit this gentleman, my kinsman and

approved friend, to explain to you my business, Draught of a letter to the Marquis of Buckingham whereby to save farther length of letter, or the not sent.*

trouble of your lordship's writing back. MY LORD, I say to myself, that your lordship hath forsaken me; and I think I am one of the last that findeth it, and in nothing more, than that twice at London

TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW. your lordship would not vouchsafe to see me, though

Good MR. MATTHEW, the latter time I begged it of you. If your lordship lack any justification about York-house, good my The event of the business, whereof you write, is, lord, think of it better ; for I assure your lordship, it may be, for the best; for seeing my lord, of himthat motion to me was to me as a second sentence; self, beginneth to come about, quorsum as yet? I for I conceived it sentenced me to the loss of that, could not in my heart suffer my lord Digby to go which I thought was saved from the former sentence, hence without my thanks and acknowledgments. I which is your love and favour. But sure it could send my letter open, which I pray seal and deliver. not be that pelting matter, but the being out of sight, Particulars I would not touch. out of use, and the ill offices done me, perhaps, by Your most affectionate and assured friend, such as have your ear. Thus I think, and thus I

FR. ST. ALBAN. speak; for I am far enough from any baseness or detracting, but shall ever love and honour you, howsoever I be Your forsaken friend and freed servant,


When you write by pieces, it showeth your con-
tinual care ;

for a flush of memory is not so much ; TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

and I shall be always, on my part, ready to watch MY VERY GOOD LORD,


you, as you for me. It is in vain to cure the accidents of a disease, I will not fail, when I write to the lord marquis, except the cause be found and removed. I know to thank his lordship for the message, and to name adversity is apprehensive ; but I fear it is too true, the nuntius. And, to tell you plainly, this care, that now I have lost honour, power, profit, and liberty, they speak of, concerning my estate, was more than I have, in the end, lost that, which, to me, was I looked for at this time, and it is that, which more dear than all the rest, which is my friend. A pleaseth me best. For my desires reach but to a change there is apparent and great; and nothing fat otium. That is truth; and so would I have all is more sure, than that nothing hath proceeded from men think, except the greatest: for I know patents, and since my troubles, either towards your lordship absque aliquid inde reddendo, are not so easily or towards the world, which hath made me unworthy granted. of your undeserved favours or undesired promises. I pray my service to the Spanish ambassador, and Good my lord, deal so nobly with me, as to let me present him my humble thanks for his favour. I know, whether I stand upright in your favour, that am much his servant; and ashes may be good for either I may enjoy my wonted comfort, or see my somewhat. I ever rest griefs together, that I may the better order them ;

Your most affectionate and assured friend, though, if your lordship should never think more of

FR. ST. ALBAN. me, yet your former favours should bind me to be

Your lordship’s most obliged and faithful I have sought for your little book, and cannot servant,

find it. I had it one day with me in my coach.

FR. ST. ALBAN. But sure it is safe: for I seldom lose books or papers. Among lord Bacon's printed letters, is one without twice now in London,” the marquis "did not vouchsafe to a date, in which he complains, as in this, that he, “ being

see him."

TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN. The following Papers, containing Lord Chancellor

ELLESMERE's Exceptions to Sir EDWARD Coke's Most HONOURED LORD,

Reports, and Sir Edwards Answers, having never I have received your great and noble token and

been printed, though Mr. STEPHENS, who had copied favour of the 9th of April, and can but return the them from the Originals, designed to have given humblest of my thanks your lordship's vouchsaf.

them to the public, they are subjoined here in jusing so to visit this poorest and unworthiest of your

tice to the memory of that great lawyer and judge ; servants. It doth me good at heart, that, although especially as the offence taken at his Reports by I be not where I was in place, yet I am in the for- King James, is mentioned above in the Letter of tune of your lordship's favour, if I may call that

the Lord Chancellor and Sir Francis Bacon, of fortune, which I observe to be so unchangeable. I October 16, 1616, to that King. pray hard that it may once come in my power to

TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY. serve you for it; and who can tell, but that, as fortis imaginatio generat casum, so strange desires may do IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, as much? Sure I am that mine are ever waiting on

ACCORDING to your Majesty's directions signified your lordship; and wishing as much happiness as is unto me by Mr. Solicitor, I called the lord chief jusdue to your incomparable virtue, I humbly do your tice before me on Thursday the 17th of this instant, lordship reverence.

in the presence of Mr. Attorney and others of your Your lordship's most obliged and humble learned counsel. I did let him know your Majesty's servant,

acceptance of the few animadversions, which, upon TOBIE MATTHEW. review of his own labours, he had sent, though fewer

than you expected, and his excuses other than you Postsc. The most prodigious wit, that ever I knew of my nation, and of this side of the sea, is of of the original in French, as though, if the original

expected, as namely, in the prince's case, the want your lordship's name, though he be known by an

had been primogenitus in Latin, then he had not in other.

that committed any error. I told him farther, that

because his books were many, and the cases therein, TO THE LORD ARCHBISHOP OF YORK.*

as he saith, 500, your Majesty, out of your gracious

favour, was pleased, that his memory should be MY VERY GOOD LORD,

refreshed ; and that he should be put in mind of I must use a better style than mine own, in say- some passages dispersed in his books, which your ing, “ Amor tuus undequaque se ostendit ex literis Majesty, being made acquainted with, doth as yet tuis proximis,” for which I give your Grace many distaste, until you hear his explanation and judgthanks, and so, with more confidence, continue my ment concerning the same. And that out of many suit to your lordship for a lease absolute for twenty-some few should be selected, and that at this time one years of the house, being the number of years he should not be pressed with more, and these few which my father and my predecessors fulfilled in it. not to be the special and principal points of the A good fine requires certainty of term : and I am cases, which were judged, but things delivered by well assured, that the charge I have expended, in discourse, and, as it were, by expatiation, which reparations, amounting to 1000 marks at least al might have been spared and forborne, without preready, is more than hath been laid out by the tenants judice to the judgment in the principal cases. that have been in it since my remembrance, answer- Of this sort Mr. Attorney and Mr. Solicitor made able to my particular circumstance, that I was born choice of five specially, which were read distinctly there, and am like to end my days there. Neither to the lord chief justice. He heard them with good can I hold my hand, but, upon this encouragement, attention, and took notes thereof in writing, and, am like to be doing still, which tendeth to the im- lest there might be any mistaking either in the provement, in great measure, of the inheritance of declaring thereof unto him, or in his misconceiving your see by superlapidations, if I may so call it, in- of the same, it was thought good to deliver unto him stead of dilapidations, wherewith otherwise it might a true copy. Upon consideration whereof, and upon be charged.

advised deliberation, he did yesterday in the afterAnd whereas a state for life is a certainty, and noon return unto me, in the presence of all your not so well seen how it wears, a term of years makes learned counsel, a copy of the five points before me more depending upon you and your succession. mentioned, and his answer at large to the same,

For the providing of your lordship and your which I make bold to present herewith to your successors a house, it is part of the former covenant, Majesty, who can best discern and judge both of this wherein I desired not to be released.

little which is done, and what may be expected of So assuring myself of your grant and perfecting the multiplicity of other cases of the like sort, if they of this my suit; and assuring your Grace of my shall be brought to farther examination. All that I earnest desire and continual readiness to deserve have done in this hath been by your Majesty's comwell of you and yours chiefly, and likewise of the mandment and direction, in presence of all your see in any of the causes or pre-eminences thereof, I learned counsel, and by the special assistance and commend your Grace to God's goodness, resting, &c. advice of your attorney and solicitor. • Dr. Tobie Matthew.

+ From the originals.

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