Political Armies: The Military and Nation Building in the Age of Democracy

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Kees Koonings, Dirk Kruijt
Zed Books, 2002 - 398 ˹

In the post Cold War era does the withdrawal of armies from direct rule in most countries herald an end to their role as actors in domestic politics? Is it indeed sensible to assume that political intervention by the military has been more or less permanently superceded? Drawing on the 20th century experience of a dozen important countries this book examines a number of closely related issues:

What generalizations can be made about the causes and enduring consequences of military rule for nation building and economic development?
How have the passing of the Cold War, the rise of globalization and other changes in the 1990s affected the political role of the military?
How can we assess the role of political armies in relation to the problems of consolidating civil politics and democratic governance?
Are there lessons for policy makers to be learned from a comparative analysis of political armies in such fields as global governance and post-conflict reconstruction?

This stimulating set of explorations and investigations builds on previous theories about the role of the military in politics and looks to the future - the possible proliferation of armed actors, new perversions in the domestic roles of the armed forces, and the much more prominent emergence of privatized forces of law and order.

 

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Introduction
1
KEES KOONINGS and DIRK KRUIJT
9
3 Kemal Atatürk drafts the situation of the Ottoman Empire
15
Vladimiro Montesinos
51
Whose Ship of State?
64
The Military and Politics in Brazil 19642000
90
1 General Gleuber Viera on the communist revolt of 1935
108
Historical Assessment
111
The Military Politics and PostCold War Dilemmas in Turkey
162
1 The Turkish military and the National Security Council
165
Army State and Nation in Algeria
179
Entrenched Militarism and the Future of Democracy
204
Radical Soldiers New Model Armies and the NationState
238
1 The chief of staff Tsadkan Gebre Tensae spells out his vision
261
the experience
270
1 General Ne Win and General Aung Sang on the Burmese
275

a military government with
119
Confrontation Appeasement and Catharsis in the New Democracy
125
Notes and References
132
The Janus Face of the Indonesian Armed Forces
135
2 ExGeneral Tin Oo on the Burmese armed forces
282
old wine in new bottles?
313
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˹ 358 - Constitution of 1982,' in Metin Heper and Ahmet Evin, eds., State, Democracy and the Military: Turkey in the 1980s (Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1988). 7 Metin Heper, The State Tradition in Turkey (Walkinton. UK The Eothen Press, 1985). 8 Serif Mardin, 'Power, Civil Society and Culture in the Ottoman Empire', Comparative Studies in Society and History 1 1 (June 1969), pp.

ǡѺ (2002)

Kees Koonings is associate professor of Latin American development at Utrecht University.

Dirk Kruijt is professor of development studies at Utrecht University.
Kees Koonings is associate professor of Latin American development at Utrecht University.

Dirk Kruijt is professor of development studies at Utrecht University.

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