Pure Beauty: Judging Race in Japanese American Beauty Pageants

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U of Minnesota Press, 2006 - 276 ˹
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Race Work and the Effort of Racial Claims
21
The Japanese American Community in Transition
37
Japanese American Beauty Pageants in Historical Perspective
59
Cultural Impostors and Eggs Race without Culture and Culture without Race
74
Patrolling Bodies The Social Control of Race through Gender
116
The Ambassadress Queen Moving Authentically Between Racial Communities in the United States and Japan
148
Percentages Parts and Power Racial Eligibility Rules and Local Versions of Japanese Americaness in Context
186
Japanese Americaness Beauty Pageants and Race Work
227
Notes
235
Bibliography
239
Index
255
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˹ 19 - Such acts, gestures, enactments, generally construed, are performative in the sense that the essence or identity that they otherwise purport to express are fabrications manufactured and sustained through corporeal signs and other discursive means.
˹ 31 - One of the first things we notice about people when we meet them (along with their sex) is their race.
˹ 19 - In other words, acts, gestures, and desire produce the effect of an internal core or substance, but produce this on the surface of the body, through the play of signifying absences that suggest, but never reveal, the organizing principle of identity as a cause.
˹ 7 - Racial projects do the ideological "work" of making these links. A racial project is simultaneously an interpretation, representation, or explanation of racial dynamics, and an effort to reorganize and redistribute resources along particular racial lines. Racial projects connect what race means in a particular discursive practice and the ways in which both social structures and everyday experiences are racially organized, based upon that meaning.
˹ 18 - Thus, when the individual presents himself before others, his performance will tend to incorporate and exemplify the officially accredited values of the society, more so, in fact, than does his behavior as a whole.
˹ 16 - By choosing an individual whose deportment, appearance, and style embodies the values and goals of a nation, locality, or group, beauty contests expose these same values and goals to interpretation and challenge.
˹ 168 - ... Ministry responded by urging Japanese to "aggressively carry out the smooth acceptance" of foreigners, and formulated new, slightly looser rules governing the categories of jobs that foreigners could hold in Japan. Even so, the head of the Asian People's Friendship Society told the New York Times, "Japanese society still has fantasies about our pure blood, and about the ability of Japanese people to understand each other better than others. Even if the government or the business community accepts...
˹ 239 - The Conceptualisation and Categorisation of Mixed Race/Ethnicity in Britain and North America: Identity Options and the Role of the State', International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27, 26996.
˹ 18 - To the degree that a performance highlights the common official values of the society in which it occurs, we may look upon it, in the manner of Durkheim and Radcliffe-Brown, as a ceremony as an expressive rejuvenation and reaffirmation of the moral values of the community.
˹ 35 - From the ethnic actor's perspective, ethnicity is both a mental state and a potential ploy in any encounter, but it will be neither if it cannot be invoked or activated.

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