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1 Incantation. Gibil! mighty! exalted!
2 Bearer of the glory
3. Of divinity!
4 Noble champion of Ea!
5 Awful brilliance
6...... him!
7 In Ezuab is he great;
8 In Eridu, the place of fate,
9 That is firmly established;
10 (At) whose bright light
11 The heaven stood;
12 His tongue of fire
13 Like lightning
14 Flashed.

I Gibil! his light
2 Is bright as day
3 Azag-šud ..
4 Of Bel(?) Nusku(?)
5 Fell upon(?).
6 His brilliant appearance
7. Enlightens the darkness.
8 O Marduk! child of Eridu,
9 Pronounce the incantation.
10 O God, who fell upon him,
II May he become pure.
12 O God! may he become clean.
13 As the earth may he be pure.
14a As the heart of heaven may he be pure.
145 May the evil tongue turn away.

Notes. This tablet contains the text of an incantation. As is not infrequent in such texts the greater part of the text is a hymn of praise



to Gibil, the fire-god. At 1. 8 of the reverse the direct petition begins. The tablet is not well preserved, especially the Sumerian half, and for this reason it is impossible to give a perfect translation.

L. 2. guru: for this reading of IL-RU see AL, p. 108, 101.
L. 3. ilûti, i. e. 'divinity. The Sumerian dimmerene means 'gods."
L. 4. STR. AV, p. 894 quotes wrongly MAH-KI-GA.
L. 5 is doubtless to be restored: melammê issúti.

L. 6. u-za-'a--uš appears to be a verb II, i from a root or txx, with the third pers. pronominal suffix. Such a root is un10 known. The meaning of the passage is probably ‘awful brilliance is

his robe, belongs to him.' For similar phrases cf. melammu in HWB 4146 and Muss-ARNOLT, Dict. p. 550. [Read uzã inuš 'decked him.')

L. 7. E-zu-ab is the name of the temple at Eridu. The meaning is 'house of the Ocean.'

L. 9. Kunnu, permans. in a relative clause, from 712.*

L. 10. The syntactical connection is not quite sure. I have taken it as dependent on endu.

L. II. endu, permansive from emêdu; (cf. Habakkuk 3, 11. - P.H..

Rev. L. 2. it-ta)-na)-an-nar, IV, 2 from namâru, for ittanmar. 20 This form may throw some light on the derivation of Nannaru; cf. STR. AV 1023. DEL. Gramm. $ 496; ZA XVI, p. 405f.

L. 3. Lines 3–5 are so broken that a translation is impossible; (il)AZAG-ŠUD also in KING, Magic, XII (p. 57) 86; ZIMMERN, Šurpu,

VIII, 10, and BR. 9906. 25

L. 4. I conjecture for the Sumerian (dimmer) EN-LÍL-LÁ-gi (dimmer) GI-BIL-LÁ. To be noted is the order GI-BIL-LÁ instead of the ordinary BIL-GI. If ú at the end of the Semitic line is phonetic complement to the name of this god, we should perhaps read Nusku.

L. 10. 'Him' evidently refers to the suffering supplicant.
L. 12 ff. Cf. IV R. 14, No. 2, 26 ff.:
an-dim ki-ma šamê li-lil

ki-dim ki-ma irșitim li-bi-ib he-en-el-la
ša-an-dim ki-ma ki-rib šamê lim-mir he-en-lah-lah-ga

1 HUL-GAL bar-šu [ 35

L. 14. Cf. IVR. 8, 44/45:
NAM-NE-RU (erim?) HUL-GAL bar-šu he-im-ta-gub

ma-mit li-mut-tum ina a-ha-a-ti li-iz-zis that is, May the evil curse turn away.

Doubtless the end of our line is to be supplemented according 40 to this, especially as in this augmented form it occurs frequently in

Tablet IX of the Šurpu series, e. g. 11. 8. 16. 23. 31. 39. 46.


(Contrast HWB 338a; cf. also above, p. 568, 1), 17. 38.

P. H.]

XV. K. 3477. I ] -tar-rah ( 2 ša-ki-tu ilat(at) il 3 ra

mat ki-ribl 4 bi-šit uznâ ilâni(pl) u mal-ki 5 e-ri-bu-šu el-și-har 6áš-šum še-mu-u an 7 ilâni(pl) si-hir-ti[ 8 ina bâb-i-šu[ 9 ú-tar-ra hat-ti-šu[ 10 a-ši-bi kir-bi-šu beltu șir-túl Il šá ilâni(pl) a-na ši-tul-til 12 ka-la (il)ilâtis 13 ba-u-la-a-ti ana balât napšâti-ši-nal 14 ana šumu-ša

[ 15 | i-šú-ub-bu-ši

[ 16 | i-lab-bi-nu-ši

[ 17 ] kaķ-ka-di

[ 18 ] da(?)-di-e


Į su-ša 19 ] kiš-šat

mu-kil-lat na-piš-sti 20 1 me(pl) lab-bi-na-at(?) [

(tuk()-ti 21 ] še-e

șa-me-da-at NER-TUR-MES [ ] 22

la pa-du-u nam-sa-rum sak-23

ša pul-ha-a-ti sa-'a-niš ]

ka-rit-be-lat tu-ša-ri 25


(il -tar kabli be-lat ta-ha-si ]

mu-šam-ki-ta-at sa-'a-i-ri 27


la ma-gi-ri še-pu--ša 28


la ut-tak-ka-rum și-it pi-i-ša 29


la un-tiš-ša lu dan-nu-u-sa 30


la -te-su-u it-ti 31


ša ma-șa-ta mál lisb 32

]še-piš-ša kab-tu ša šu-tu-rat (




I dupl-pi 33 mu-hal [

1 (il)Ištar a-ši-[bi() 2 beltu rabîtu beltu ša Ašur-bani-apla šar mât Aššur kak tu-u-šar| 3 ma(f)]-har (il)Ištar beltišu u-kin ah-[rataš(?)



1 is made great) 2 Exalted goddess ...

3 Who dwells in E-nin 4 The wisdom ofgods and princes .. 5 Her(? his?) entrance with joy ... 6 To hear ... 7 The gods of the neighborhood .... 8 In its gate ... 9 Who takes away its terror . 10 Who dwelleth within it, exalted goddess 1 Who .... the gods to deliberation ... 12 All the goddesses . . 13 The dominions for the life of their souls ... 14 To her name 15

who. her. 16

who pray to her 17

head 18 19

she who holds the life .. 20.

she who oppresses ... 21

she who binds)

the sharp sword that does not spare, 23

whose adornment is terror,

heroic mistress of defeat, 25

Ištar of battle, mistress of the fight; 26

who lays the enemy low; 27

who is not obedient to her foot; 28

unchangeable is the utterance of

her mouth; 29

who does not swear by her might; 30

who does not send out ....; 31

thou who accomplishest the desire

of (thy?) heart. 32 . her foot, thou mighty one, who art magni

ficent ...

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Rev. 1 Tablet 33

Ištar who dwells in() 2 The great mistress, mistress of Ašurbanipal, king of Assyria, weap

ons of defeat) 3 Before(?) Ištar, his mistress, he placed for the future(?).


Notes. BEZOLD in his Cat, says: “The colophon, rev., line 2 probably attributes the tablet to a series which begins botiYAYY}<-[]? &c.

Enough remains of the hymn to show that it was dedicated to Ištar in her character of war-goddess; and if my attempted translation of the colophon is correct, it was written at a time when the king dedicated to her, or placed in her temple, some weapons captured in war.

5 It should be said that owing to the broken state of the tablet the translation given may not be in all respects correct.

L. I. The first sign is hardly tu.

L. 15. 2-$u-ub-bu-ši must have about the same meaning as the following i-lab-bi-nu-ši. The root which one thinks of first is nou (cf. 10 HWB 637a). I am not aware of any other verb, however, which has u in the pres. after the first radical. Our form suggests a root 210

L. 19. mu-kil-lat from 572 II, 1.

L. 21. NER-TUR-MEŠ I do not know the meaning of. The sec- 15 ond last sign may be tuk.

L. 23. sa-'a-niš from the root 787 'to adorn’; cf. the expressions našù puluhtu, rašû puluhtu. [Cf. above, p. 591, 1. 12.

L. 28. ut-tak-ka-rum, II, 2 from .
L. 29. un-tiš-ša, II, 2 from našû.

Rev. 1. 3. For the suggested completion cf. ukîn ahrâtaš Neb. II, 2 (ABEL-WINCKLER, p. 33f.); MUSS-ARNOLT, Dict. p. 402.

.שרף or


XVI. K. 3258. I šur-bu-ú e-tel ilani(pl)

mu-du-ú ka-la-ma 2 kab-tu šú-tu-ķu (il)EN-LİL-ilâni(pl)

mu-šim ši-ma-a-ti (il)Ašur belu šur-bu-ú

mu-du-ú ka-la-ma 4 kab-tu šu-tu-ķu (il)EN-LİL-ilâni(pl)

mu-šim ši-ma-a-ti 5 rab(?)]-bi (il) Ašur dan-dan-nu e-tel ilâni(pl) be-el ma-ta-a-ti 6 lu-ša(?))-pi(?) nir-bi-e-šu

ta-nit-ta-šu lu--tar-ra-ah 7 (il)?]Ašur lu-ša-pi si-kir-šu lu-šar-bi šum-šu 8 šalt) a- šib(?) E-HAR-SAG-GALKUR-KUR-RA

ta-nit-ta-šu lu--tar-ra-ah 9 1 lu-ut-tas-kar

kur-us-su lud-lul 1o ša() a)-šib (?) E-ŠAR-RA (il)Ašur mu-šim šîmâti(pl)

* [Cf. the explanation of IV R2 19, 466 in my Note on the Protevangelium, Johns Hopkins University Circulars, No. 106 (June, 1893) p. 107 and CASANOWICZ, Paronomasia, P. 157: contrast AL4, 187b, S. 2. P12D; see also Tig. 9, 26 ; 5, 94; Sanh. 3, 15; (šûpû, i. e. 510, crusher, demolisher, batterer; cf. Crit. Notes on Ezekiel, SBOT, p. 47, l. 47).

P. H.]

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