Transforming Korean Politics: Democracy, Reform, and Culture

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M.E. Sharpe, 2005 - 404 ˹
Over the past fifteen years, South Korea has transformed itself from an authoritarian government into a new democracy with a vibrant capitalist economy. Modernization, democratization, and globalization have played important roles in this transformation, and have greatly influenced the programs and policies of Korea's Sixth Republic. Covering developments through the 2003 elections, this book shows how the South Korean government and society have been shaped not only by the dynamics of these forces, but also by their interaction with the cultural norms of a post-Confucian society. The author provides a conceptual framework and baseline for examining political developments in Korea, and offers an analysis of the factors that are transforming Korean institutions, society, and politics. He discusses the forces shaping Korea's political economy and the performance of successive ROK governments, and also highlights the challenges faced by the newly elected administration of Roh Moo Huan, the North Korean issue, and more.
 

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Introduction Ideas Matter in Korean Politics
3
Interplay of Ideas Values and Policy in the Era of Transition
4
Modernization Democratization and Globalization
17
Sequence and Trajectories
25
Conceptual Frame and Theoretical Baseline
27
Conclusion
33
Taking Culture Seriously Confucian Tradition and Modernization
39
The Cultural Legacy of Confucianism
41
Conclusion
172
Global Political Economy and the Korean State
175
East Asian Miracle Revisited
177
Economic Crisis Recovery and Restructuring
184
The Logic of a Competitive State in the IMF Era
199
The Politics of Gridlock and Collective Action
206
Conclusion
217
Foreign Policy and Democracy From Nordpolitik to Engagement
220

Political Doctrines and Practice of Korean Confucianism
44
Modernization Authoritarianism and Democracy
49
Paths to Modernization and Development
54
Confucianism Democracy and Reformism
56
Conclusion
59
Democratization by Launching the Sixth Republic of Korea ROK
62
Democracy Movement and Democratic Transition
63
Modernization Ideas Inspire SoldiersTurnedPoliticians
70
Constitutional Crises of the Developmental State
75
Democratic Opening and Political Change of 1987
82
Analyzing the Political Economy of Democratization
88
Conclusion
99
Reform Halfway Down? Cultural Dimension of Democratic Consolidation
102
Reforming PostConfucian Society
104
The Challenges of Democratic Consolidation via Reform
106
Positive or Negative Consolidation?
109
The Rule of Law and the Court Trial of Former Presidents
122
Structure Culture and Failed Reform
127
Conclusion
134
Responses to Globalization Sustaining Democracy Through Economic Reform
141
AdvancedNation Status or Disease?
143
Effects of the 19971998 Asian Financial Crisis
149
Is Globalization a Threat or an Opportunity?
153
Clashing Styles and Approaches
155
Globalization and Democratization in the Two Administrations
162
Ideas and Interests
221
Nordpolitik or Northern Policy and Democratization
232
Engagement or the Sunshine Policy Toward North Korea
240
External Impact of Engagement on Major Powers
247
Democratic Peace and Koreas Future
252
New Democracy for Korean Society and Politics
261
The Rise and Role of Civil Society for Democracy
263
Korean Electoral Democracy in Action
270
The Policy Challenges and Leadership Responses
281
Problems and Prospects
290
Conclusion
297
Transforming Korean Politics? Conclusion
300
Drawing Lessons from the Korean Experiment
303
The Asian Values Discourse and Korean Culture
311
Confronting Koreas Uncertain Security Future
317
Security Dilemma and Democratic Rebirth?
329
An Epilogue
335
Why? Meaning and Significance of the Election
337
What Lies Ahead? Future Prospects
340
Postscript
343
Notes
345
Bibliography
361
Index
383
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