portance, as strengthening our relations with Bellevue Hospital and aiding the cooperation of the clinic and laboratory."

Doctor Ferguson's sub-department of Histology, Doctor Stockard's field of Comparative Morphology and Embryology, work in Neurohistology under Doctor Strauss, are all transferred to the Department of Anatomy. These subjects properly belong to Anatomy and the formal transfer is of great mutual benefit. Doctor Beebe has been transferred to the Department of Experimental Therapeutics, thus creating the first department of this field in America.

Microphotography: New quarters and much needed apparatus will greatly facilitate work in this important branch. Doctor Jaches is now the only University instructor in Microphotography in New York. Two students have received instruction. His work is excellent and has received favorable comment in Germany.

The library now includes about 6,000 volumes. The new library is better lighted, more suitably located, and will meet the requirements for space for many years. Important donations were received from the Dean and from Doctor Leonard Weber, through the recommendation of Doctor Meltzer, who presented a complete bound set of Virchow's Archiv worth at least $500. A librarian will soon be needed to make the library available for student purposes.


The students of the third and fourth years have been given instruction as required by the curriculum. A new syllabus on the infections of the urinary tract was published by the Head of the Department and given to the class this year.

The Head of the Department has continued to carry out his investigations in regard to the physiology and pathology of the prostate; the physiological mechanism of urination, etc. In this connection he has published during the past year from the Department three papers, viz: Contribution to the Surgery of the Prostate; (a) The treatment of urethro rectal fistula by a new method. (b) The restoration of voluntary control of the urine in cases of incontinence following surgical operation; two papers upon the pathology and surgical treatment of prostatic suppurations; and a paper read at Paris by request before the First “Congress Internationale d'Urologie" on certain parts in the physiology of the prostate.

Doctor Yocum under the Head of the Department has been engaged in studying the effects of vaccines (tuberculous and gonorræhal) in cases of urinary and genital tuberculosis and of gonorroehal arthritis. The results of this work will be reported later.

At the request of the officers of the section on Genito-Urinary Surgery of the New York Academy of Medicine, Doctor Edgerton made an interesting report upon the methods employed in the treatment of urinary infections at the Cornell Dispensary.

In carrying out this work much encouragement and every facility have been received from the Department of Pathology, Clinical Pathology and Bacteriology, and Practical Anatomy.

The clinical material for teaching purposes has increased very largely and is more than sufficient for the present need. This is due to the faithful service at the hospital and in the dispensary. The Head of the Department calls attention to the large number of surgeons who have visited the clinics during the past winter for the purpose of studying the teaching methods and does not hestiate to say that the Department at present is the best for the teaching of Genito-Urinary Surgery in this country.


The work has been carried on as previously with the exception of the opening of the new obstetrics wards in Bellevue Hospital, which has greatly improved the facilities of the Department for giving bedside instruction in obstetrics. The Bellevue Emergency Service was transferred in the autumn of 1908 to the new Bellevue wards, consisting of about 60 beds. Cornell divides the service equally with the University Division and, by arrangement with the latter division, section teaching continues uninterrupted during the entire college session. The utilizing of this clinical material permits each section to receive several hours of bedside instruction in addition to the regular manikin work.

The growth of the Manhattan Maternity Hospital, by the increase of clinical material thus afforded, permits of the weekly Obstetric Clinic held in the amphitheatre of this hospital to cover a greater range of obstetric subjects than heretofore.

Respectfully submitted,
W. M. Polk.

Director of the Medical College.



OF THE MEDICAL COLLEGE To the President of Cornell University:

Sir: I have the honor to present the following report of the Ithaca Division of the Medical College for the college year 1908–09:

This is the first year of the second decade of the Medical College. In many ways it has been the most successful in the history of the College. Among the most notable events of the year were: the retirement of Professor Simon H. Gage from the chair of Histology and Embryology; the transferring of Professor Benjamin F. Kingsbury from the chair of Physiology to the chair of Histology and Embryology; the appointment of Dr. Sutherland Simpson as Professor of Physiology; the appointment of Dr. Andrew Hunter as Assistant Professor of Biochemistry; the enforcement of the higher entrance requirements; the rearrangement of the curriculum; and the changes in the Medical building.

The proposed retirement of Professor Gage, which was noted in your last report (p. 10), also in the report of the Acting Secretary for last year, (p. lii), became effective at the beginning of the present academic year, and although Professor Gage has been present in his research laboratory in Stimson Hall he has taken no active part in the teaching or administration of the College and he has been greatly missed in every way.

The appointment of Dr. Kingsbury to succeed Professor Gage was most happy. He is not only thoroughly trained in Histology and Embryology and thoroughly conversant with the methods at this institution, since he had been Assistant Professor with Professor Gage before he undertook the work in Physiology, but he has also made a reputation for himself by his published researches in Histology and Embryology.

We are also particularly fortunate in the appointments in the Department of Physiology. Dr. Simpson, coming to us with a large experience in one of the best Physiological laboratories of Europe, has proved himself most forceful in his teaching as well as keen and enthusiastic in his research work. Dr. Hunter, also, is a clear lecturer and good teacher. He has taken up the work most

enthusiastically, and, in spite of a great amount of routine in establishing a new department, he has been able to push forward several pieces of investigation. The transference of Biochemistry from the Department of Chemistry to the Department of Physiology has done much to unify the work in Physiology and thus to strengthen the Medical Course.

In order to accommodate the Department of Biochemistry in Stimson Hall and to provide for the needs of the Department of Physiology it was necessary to make a number of radical changes in the building These were completed by the beginning of the second term so that the work was but slightly interfered with. In making these adjustments we have been impressed with the adaptability of Stimson Hall to varied uses.

With the beginning of the next academic year, in addition to an A. B. degree or its equivalent, Physics and Chemistry are necessary for admission to the Medical College. This eliminates Physics, General Inorganic Chemistry, and Quantitative and Qualitative Chemical Analysis from the Medical curriculum. To readjust the curriculum to these changes, as well as to meet the needs of the students who are more mature and better trained, was one of the serious problems which confronted the Faculty this year. Although Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are not required for admission until the year 1909-10, we found as a matter of fact that all members of the entering class with but one exception, had these requirements, and it became at once necessary to change the curriculum accordingly. The arrangement of subjects differs but slightly from that decided upon for next year, which is fully set forth in the Announce: ment of the Medical College. In adjusting the curriculum at Ithaca and correlating the work with that given in New York, the Faculty have been greatly aided by Dean Polk who came to Ithaca for that purpose.

As we anticipated, the attendance in the Medical College was this year extremely small. In the second-year class there were twenty-two students. In the first-year class thirteen students registered in the first term. Five of these were graduates of other institutions and eight were seniors in the College of Arts and Sciences of Cornell University. Two of the seniors dropped the Medical Course and returned to strictly Arts work during the year.

Two of the departments housed in Stimson Hall teach students of other Colleges of the University as well as of the Medical College. The Department of Histology and Embryology gives instruction in this subject to the Veterinary students and also to the Arts and Civil Engineering students. The Department of Physiology and Biochemistry gives instruction to the Arts and Agricultural students. All of the departments are furnishing instruction to graduate students.

In the past some of the work for these different classes of students has been given together, but this year, owing to the difference in the preliminary training, it has been found necessary to give the course for Medical students separately from that given for Veterinary students; and the same policy has been found best to a greater or less extent for students of other courses.

As regards the effect of the higher requirements, the Faculty are unanimous in their opinion that the first-year students are doing a higher grade of work, are accomplishing more in a given time, and are in every way more satisfactory than the students without such training

This year the Faculty of the Medical College has been reorganized on the same lines as the Faculties of the other Colleges of the University at Ithaca, so as to include Professors, Assistant Professors, and Instructors teaching Medical students.

Upon the recommendations of the New York and Ithaca Faculties the Trustees appointed the Dean of the College in New York ex-officio member of the Ithaca Faculty, and the Secretary of the College at Ithaca ex-officio member of the New York Faculty. This arrangement has aided materially in bringing about a closer correlation of work in New York and Ithaca and a better understanding of the needs in the two places. In accordance with this arrangement the Secretary has attended two meetings of the New York Faculty and the Dean has attended one meeting of the Ithaca Faculty. It is believed that if an arrangement can be made whereby each year some members of the New York Faculty give one or two lectures in Ithaca and some members of the Ithaca Faculty give one or two lectures in New York that still more will be accomplished in correlating the work of the two Faculties. This year Dr. Ewing was in Ithaca and gave a lecture in the course in Sanitary Science, but we have had no other lecturers from the New York Faculty.

The Trustees have established a limited number of Scholarships carrying free tuition in the Medical College, and it is hoped that this will attract to the College a number of students who have attained distinction in other Colleges and who give promise of unusual services in the Medical profession. It is to be hoped that even more can

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