To the President of the University:

Sir:- I have the honor to submit the following report of the New York State Veterinary College for the year 1908-1909:


The retirement of Dr. James Law in June, 1908, is the most noteworthy event of the year in connection with the instructing staff. In a special report to the President of the University, in August, 1908, I dwelt somewhat at length on the valuable service which Dr. Law has rendered to the University and the Veterinary profession, as well as to the state and nation. The chair in medicine, made vacant by Dr. Law's retirement, was temporarily filled by the appointment of Dr. D. H. Udall of the Veterinary College of the Ohio State University as Acting Professor of Medicine. Dr. S. H. Burnett, who has been for some years an Instructor, has been made Assistant Professor of Comparative Pathology. At present the Faculty consists of eleven men, exclusive of demonstrators and those engaged in teaching animal husbandry, chemistry, histology, and embryology, which are provided for in other departments of the University.


There has been a steady increase in the number of students since the enforcement of a four-year high-school course as the requirement for entrance. This year there is a total enrollment of 96 students, of whom 38 are freshmen and 4 are graduates. The number of inquiries from prospective students who have their entrance requirements is much larger than at this time last year, which is suggestive of a large entering class next fall.


The instruction in the various departments has continued as heretofore, with various minor changes, except the clinical teaching. The clinics have been reorganized. There are now provided a consulting, a medical, a surgical, a small animal, and an ambulatory clinic. These readjustments and additions have greatly increased the efficiency of the practical teaching. During the summer of 1908 a new operating room was built at the south end of the hospital, which has greatly enhanced the teaching of operative surgery. The number of actual cases that our students have been able to examine and study, under proper supervision, during the present year has been fully a third larger than it was last year. For the ambulatory clinic a team and three-seated surrey have been provided. In this service our senior students have seen 180 medical and obstetrical cases that otherwise would not have come to their notice. The clinic for small animals, under the direction of Dr. Fish, has been well patronized. A small operating room has been temporarily arranged and a number of modern cages have been added to the temporary dog hospital. Over 200 cases have already been treated during the year. A course of three lectures by Dr. F. H. Miller, the distinguished canine specialist of New York City, on diseases of dogs added greatly to the interest and increased the efficiency of this clinic. In the consulting clinic 350 cases have been presented and treated. The separation of the surgical and consulting clinics has made it possible to give better service in both. Dr. Udall has introduced a very helpful course in physical diagnosis in connection with the medical clinic. The very inadequate quarters of the consulting and medical clinics, and also the one for small animals, renders satisfactory service impossible. It is hoped that suitable buildings for these purposes will soon be provided.

Owing to the loss of clinical material in the fall, due to the summer vacation, it has been decided to keep the consulting and ambulatory clinics open during the summer vacation. This will have the additional advantage of affording opportunity for senior students to stay at the College during a part or the whole of the summer vacation and do clinical work. The facilities for clinical diagnosis afforded the students by the laboratories will render this work exceptionally helpful. The steadily increasing number of cases in the ambulatory clinic will soon render this service of great educational value. The results attained during the first seven months of this College year warrant the statement that we have sufficient clinical material for the satisfactory teaching of clinical medicine, surgery, and obstetrics. The greatest hindrance to that service now is the lack of suitable buildings for examinations, clinics, and hospital for medical cases.

Effective teaching along practical lines has been greatly enhanced by lectures on special subjects by experienced practitioners. Dr. George H. Berns of Brooklyn, Dr. F.H. Miller of New York, and Dr. David S. White of Columbus, Ohio, have each given a valuable course of lectures on practical subjects in veterinary medicine and surgery. In addition to these there has been a course of lectures given by distinguished veterinarians of the State. These are the important changes and additions that have been put into operation during the year. A number of equally significant changes along other lines are being made. Among these are suitable provisions for veterinary graduates. In addition to the advanced courses which have heretofore been offered in the different departments, special courses for graduates have been arranged in hygiene and sanitation, pathology, bacteriology, and surgery, for next year.

In January a two-day Conference for Veterinarians was held. An instructive program was provided and about seventy-five practitioners of the State attended. This Conference brought out very clearly the positive value of the State Veterinary College to veterinarians already in practice and opened one of the important avenues for its future usefulness. One of the functions of the College is to increase the efficiency of the veterinary service of the State in every way possible.


The investigations by Dr. Fish into the action of drugs upon the circulation and respiration of the horse have been continued. Research has been started in the same department on serum therapy in canine distemper. Considerable work has been done on the condition of the blood in cases of skin diseases of dogs and cats. Dr. Williams has identified the granular venereal disease of cattle, known in Germany, in this State and is making extended investigations into its relations to abortion and sterility in dairy cattle. In the Department of Pathology there has been considerable research on the etiology and diagnosis of rabies, the elimination of tubercle bacilli from infected cows, and an undescribed disease in cattle due to one of the higher bacteria. The excessive demand on our time for diagnoses has materially hindered research work during the past year.


We have made a large number of diagnoses of animal diseases for the veterinarians of the State and the Commissioner of Agriculture. There have been 404 examinations for rabies and over a hundred for glanders. We have prepared and distributed 25,740 doses of tuberculin, 3,000 doses of anthrax vaccine, and 1,026 doses of mallein.

The Department of Pathology took an active part in the International Congress on Tuberculosis, held in Washington, D. C., September, 1908. Honorable mention by special award was accorded by the Congress to the New York State Veterinary College for its pathological exhibit, and also honorable mention was awarded for an exhibit of a practical method for the eradication of bovine tuberculosis.

A large number of inquiries have been answered and a circular of nineteen pages on the preparation and use of tuberculin has been issued to the veterinarians of the State.

The members of the Faculty have contributed a number of articles to various veterinary journals, reports of societies, and congresses. Dr. Burnett has published a valuable work on the "Clinical Pathology of the Blood of Animals," and Dr. Williams a comprehensive volume on "Veterinary Obstetrics." Drs. Fish, Williams, and Moore have rendered considerable service educationally by giving lectures at institutes, granges, and farmers' gatherings of various kinds, on hygiene and methods for the prevention of animal diseases.

The growing demands upon the College are sufficient to justify the statement that increased facilities are mandatory. The more immediate needs of the College were presented to the last Legislature under four requests: (1) An increase of $5,000 maintenance; (2) $10,000 for the study of animal diseases, on a farm provided by the University; (3) $20,000 for the enlargement of the north wing of the main building; and (4) $130,000 for much needed clinical buildings. Of the four items, the first three were granted. This generous response on the part of the Legislature warrants the belief that the further needs of the College will be met. While we fully appreciate the appropriations made in the interests of the work of this College, the fact must not be overlooked that students can not be trained in clinical medicine in an office and lecture room. Suitable equipment and hospital facilities are absolutely necessary to properly prepare veterinary students to render efficient service to the livestock owners of the State. Without the necessary mechanism the desired results can not be obtained.

The Faculty of the College fully appreciates its obligations to the veterinary profession and also to the livestock owners of the State It is the purpose of the College to fulfil as far as it can these obligations by carrying out as effective a curriculum as possible, and by doing as much research work in the line of seeking the cause, methods of prevention, and treatment of animal diseases as the available facilities will permit. The medium through which new knowledge of the nature of animal diseases and the approved methods for their prevention or treatment will reach and benefit the individual animal owner is the veterinary practitioner, who comes in direct contact with the problems. What an efficient health officer is to the health of the people of a community, the skilled veterinarian is to the health of the animals, which is the greatest asset in animal industry. Our first obligation is to make such veterinarians.

Respectfully submitted,

Director of the New York State Veterinary College.




To the President of the University:

Sir:- The work of the College of Agriculture for the past year has been characterized on the part of all its officers by great zeal and industry, and on the part of students by the finest college spirit and the best cooperation with teachers. It is a great pleasure to partake in the enthusiasm that is part of an institution in which everyone, professors and students alike, feels that he is engaged in a work that is designed directly to aid his fellows and to contribute its part toward the reconstruction of society.

Registration in the College has grown steadily and rapidly. Following is the number of students for the year 1908-1909 (including only those who register in the College of Agriculture, and not students in other Colleges who may take more or less work with us):

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