## Decoherence and the Appearance of a Classical World in Quantum TheoryErich Joos, H. Dieter Zeh, Claus Kiefer, Domenico J. W. Giulini, Joachim Kupsch, Ion-Olimpiu Stamatescu Springer Science & Business Media, 9 ÁÕ.¤. 2013 - 496 Ë¹éÒ When we were preparing the first edition of this book, the concept of de coherence was known only to a minority of physicists. In the meantime, a wealth of contributions has appeared in the literature - important ones as well as serious misunderstandings. The phenomenon itself is now experimen tally clearly established and theoretically well understood in principle. New fields of application, discussed in the revised book, are chaos theory, informa tion theory, quantum computers, neuroscience, primordial cosmology, some aspects of black holes and strings, and others. While the first edition arose from regular discussions between the authors, thus leading to a clear" entanglement" of their otherwise quite different chap ters, the latter have thereafter evolved more or less independently. While this may broaden the book's scope as far as applications and methods are con cerned, it may also appear confusing to the reader wherever basic assumptions and intentions differ (as they do). For this reason we have rearranged the or der of the authors: they now appear in the same order as the chapters, such that those most closely related to the "early" and most ambitious concept of decoherence are listed first. The first three authors (Joos, Zeh, Kiefer) agree with one another that decoherence (in contradistinction to the Copen hagen interpretation) allows one to eliminate primary classical concepts, thus neither relying on an axiomatic concept of observables nor on a probability interpretation of the wave function in terms of classical concepts. |

### ¨Ò¡´éÒ¹ã¹Ë¹Ñ§Ê×Í

¼Å¡ÒÃ¤é¹ËÒ 6 - 10 ¨Ò¡ 79

Ë¹éÒ 15

**Interference**between different paths never occurs, since the path is evidently “continuously measured” by light. The common textbook argument that the ... Ë¹éÒ 37

The apparent nature of these ensembles has then in turn been used to "In the Schmidt basis,

The apparent nature of these ensembles has then in turn been used to "In the Schmidt basis,

**interference**terms are exactly absent by definition.Ë¹éÒ 44

¤Ø³¶Ö§¢Õ´¨Ó¡Ñ´¡ÒÃ´ÙË¹Ñ§Ê×ÍàÅèÁ¹ÕéáÅéÇ.

¤Ø³¶Ö§¢Õ´¨Ó¡Ñ´¡ÒÃ´ÙË¹Ñ§Ê×ÍàÅèÁ¹ÕéáÅéÇ.

Ë¹éÒ 49

¤Ø³¶Ö§¢Õ´¨Ó¡Ñ´¡ÒÃ´ÙË¹Ñ§Ê×ÍàÅèÁ¹ÕéáÅéÇ.

¤Ø³¶Ö§¢Õ´¨Ó¡Ñ´¡ÒÃ´ÙË¹Ñ§Ê×ÍàÅèÁ¹ÕéáÅéÇ.

Ë¹éÒ 52

¤Ø³¶Ö§¢Õ´¨Ó¡Ñ´¡ÒÃ´ÙË¹Ñ§Ê×ÍàÅèÁ¹ÕéáÅéÇ.

¤Ø³¶Ö§¢Õ´¨Ó¡Ñ´¡ÒÃ´ÙË¹Ñ§Ê×ÍàÅèÁ¹ÕéáÅéÇ.

### ¤ÇÒÁ¤Ô´àËç¹¨Ò¡¼ÙéÍ×è¹ - à¢ÕÂ¹º·ÇÔ¨ÒÃ³ì

àÃÒäÁè¾ºº·ÇÔ¨ÒÃ³ìã´æ ã¹áËÅè§¢éÍÁÙÅ·ÑèÇä»

### à¹×éÍËÒ

1 | |

10 | |

41 | |

Decoherence in Quantum Field Theory | 181 |

Consistent Histories and Decoherence | 227 |

Superselection Rules and Symmetries | 259 |

Open Quantum Systems | 316 |

Stochastic Collapse Models | 357 |

Related Concepts and Methods | 383 |

A1 Equation of Motion of a Mass Point | 394 |

Green Functions | 402 |

A4 Quantum Correlations | 415 |

A6 Galilean Symmetry | 425 |

A7 Stochastic Processes | 432 |

Stochastic Differential Equations | 439 |

### ©ºÑºÍ×è¹æ - ´Ù·Ñé§ËÁ´

### ¤ÓáÅÐÇÅÕ·Õè¾ººèÍÂ

algebra approximation assumed atom Brownian motion Chap classical coherence commute components concept configuration consistent histories corresponding coupling decay decohered decoherence decoherence functional defined degrees of freedom density matrix dependence derived described Diósi discussed distribution dynamics eigenstates energy ensemble entanglement entropy environment environmental decoherence equation of motion evolution example expectation values factor field finite formal Ghirardi given Hamiltonian Heisenberg picture Hence Hilbert space initial interaction interference interpretation Joos Kiefer leads linear macroscopic master equation means molecules momentum Neumann nonlocal observables oscillator parameter particle phase space photon physical pointer position probability projection operators projectors properties pure quantum mechanics quantum theory quantum Zeno effect reduced density matrix represent representation result rotation scattering Schrödinger equation Sect spatial statistical operator subspaces subsystem superposition principle superselection rules superselection sectors theorem tion transition unitary variables vector wave function wave packets Wigner function Zeno effect Zurek