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" ... 1. Freedom to form and join organizations 2. Freedom of expression 3. Right to vote 4. Eligibility for public office 5. Right of political leaders to compete for support 5a. "
The Indonesian Parliament and Democratization - ˹ 21
Patrick Ziegenhain - 2008 - 238 ˹
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Political Armies: The Military and Nation Building in the Age of Democracy

Kees Koonings, Dirk Kruijt - 2002 - 398 ˹
...compete tor support/votes; (6) alternative sources of information; (7) free and fair elections and; (8) institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference. 22 For the concept of 'political direction', see Oliveira and Scares (forthcoming in 2001). Itamar...
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Federalism and Democratization in Post-Communist Russia

Cameron Ross - 2002 - 182 ˹
...leaders to compete for votes, 6) alternative sources of information, 7) free and fair elections, 8) institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference.18 Dahl groups these eight factors into the following three essential attributes of a democratic...
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Democratic Deficit?: Institutions and Regulation in the European Union ...

Thomas D. Zweifel - 2002 - 175 ˹
...("Eligibility for public office") with his seventh ("Free and fair elections") and eighth requirements ("Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preferences"). They fold these three criteria into one "FAIRELT" variable, "elections without significant...
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Paths to Democracy: Revolution and Totalitarianism

Rosemary H. T. O'Kane - 2004 - 274 ˹
...compete for support and for votes 6 Alternative sources of information 7 Free and fair elections 8 Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference. (Dahl 1971: 3) Dahl oilers these eight guarantees as necessary (though not necessarily sufficient)...
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Transforming Korean Politics: Democracy, Reform, and Culture

Young Whan Kihl - 2005 - 404 ˹
...to compete for support and votes 6. Alternative sources of information 7. Free and fair elections 8. Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preferences. (1971: 3) Democracy as an ideal type of "principled belief system consists of both normative...
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Corrupt Histories

Emmanuel Kreike, William C. Jordan - 2004 - 482 ˹
...political leaders to compete for votes 6. Alternative sources of information 7. Free and fair elections 8. Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference.27 Dahl thus directs our attention to two aspects of development central to this analysis:...
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The Handbook of Political Sociology: States, Civil Societies, and Globalization

Thomas Janoski, Robert R. Alford, Alexander M. Hicks, Mildred A. Schwartz - 2005
...political leaders for support, (6) alternative sources of information, (7) free and fair elections, and (8) institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference. Regimes vary enormously, as Dahl declares, "in the extent to which the eight institutional conditions...
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Democratic Development & Political Terrorism: The Global Perspective

William Crotty, William J. Crotty - 2005 - 561 ˹
...leaders to compete for support . . . 6. Alternative sources of information 7. Free and fair elections 8. Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference (Dahl 1971, 3) In this same context, Arend Lijphardt endorses Dahl's now familiar polyarchical approach:...
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World Religions and Democracy

Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, Philip J. Costopoulos - 2005 - 262 ˹
...compete for support and votes; 6) alternative sources of information; 7) free and fair elections; and 8) institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference.4 My colleague Juan J. Linz and I have argued that Dahl's eight guarantees are necessary...
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Regimes and Repertoires

Charles Tilly - 2010 - 240 ˹
...The right to vote > Eligibility for public office > Competition by political leaders for support > Alternative sources of information > Free and fair...depend on votes and other expressions of preference Regimes vary enormously, as Dahl declares, "in the extent to which the eight institutional conditions...
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