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Discours sur l'utilité de la Languc Arabe prononcé le 16me Juin,

1823, aux Promotions du College de Geneve. Par M. Jean
Humbert, Professor d'Arabe

462 Précis de l'Histoire Generale de la Compagnie de Jesus, suivi de Monita Secreta. Par Arnold Scheffer

463 Beginselen der Differential-Integral

464 Weltgeschichte in Zusamen Hangender Erzäblang. By Frederic Schlosser

..ibid. Der Handel als quella des National Einkommens betrachtet

465 Medecine Practique de J. V. Hildebrand, Professeur de Medecine

Clinique à la Université de Vienne ; traduit du Latin, par
L. P. Gouthier, D.M.P.

..ibid. Résumé de l'Histoire de Pologne. Par Leon Thrisse

..ibid. Summa Observationum Anatomicarum ac Physico-chemicarum. Par Etienne Gallini

..ibid. Traite de Mecanique Celest. Par M. le Marquis de Laplace ... 466 Annales Academiæ Gandavensis

..ibid. Monumens Français inédits, pour servir à l'Histoire des Arts, des

Costumes Civils et Militaires. Meubles de toute espèce, et
Décorations intérieures et extérieures des Maisons: rédigés,
grarés et dessinés à la main d'après les originaux. Par
N. X. Willemia

467 Séance publique de la Société Royale de Médecine, Chirurgie et Pharmacie de Toulouse, tenue le 13 Mai, 1824. .

ibid. Philosophiske og Historiske Afhandlinger...

468 Dictionnaire des Sciences Médicales; Biographie Médicale. Par:

Lemm Rhee.....
Archiv for Historie og Geographie, &c. Par M. J. Chr. Rise

469 Planches Anatomiques du Corps humain, exécutées d'après les Di

mensions naturelles, accompagnées d'un Toxte explicatif.

Par le Docteur Antommarchi List of New Publications....

470 List of New Foreign Publications

475

...ibid.

. ibid.

THE

UNIVERSAL REVIEW.

SEPTEMBER, 1824.

Journal of a Residence in Ashantee. By JOSEPH DUPUIS, Esq. late

his Britannic Majesty's Envoy and Consul for that Kingdom. Comprising Notes and Researches relative to the Gold Coast, and the Interior of Western Africa ; 'chiefly collected from Arabic MSS., and Information communicated by the Moslems of Guinea : to which is prefixed an Account of the Origin and Causes of the present War. Illustrated with a Map and Plates. Pp. 400, . London. Colburn. 1824.

There seems to be something ill-omened in all our transactions with Africa. North and south, east and west, some strange barrier,"moral and physical, appears to repel the intercourse of England. We attempt to civilise the northern coast by treaty, and the backs of our negociators are no sooner turned, than the Algerine sails out again for blood and plunder. We plant a colony at its remotest south, it is burned up with drought for years, and then all but drowned in a sudden deluge. We attempt to introduce the comforts and habits of civilization on its eastern coast by united commerce and settlement; the trade, and the colony both wither away, or are crushed by hostilities with the natives. All attempts at discovery by individuals, have closed only in the disappointment 'or death of the traveller, until the public have learned to look with utter hopelessness upon the ambition or the zeal that would expend itself upon the amelioration of Africa. The disastrous results of Sir Charles Macarthy's expedition have naturally deepened this disgust and hopelessness. The detail is still almost unknown, and perhaps will be for ever buried among the rude and bloody records of savage victory, but the rash advance, the total defeat, and the capture, worse than death, of the unfortunate governor, are unhappily, beyond all doubt, and well deserve to become features of a legislative investigation into the whole of our African system. The enquiry will be much aided by the present volume, which comes

VOL. II. NO. IV.

B

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from the intelligent pen of a gentleman, already well known for his acquairitance with the African states. This volume, too, appears in good time to counteract the authority of a work in general repute, and published under the auspices of the African Institution ; Bowdich's “Narrative of his Mission to Ashantee," in 1817; but calculated as much to mislead the reader, from the heightened descriptions and exaggerated accounts with which it abounds, as to impose upon him by its implied authority and official aspect. So forcibly, indeed, has this consideration impressed itself upon Mr. Dupuis, and of such consequence, in order to a right understanding of the Ashantee quarrel, does he deem it to disabuse the public, that some of his principal efforts are directed to counteract the misstatements of his precursor at Coomassy.

Mr. Bowdich, with the aid and patronage of his uncle, the governor of Cape Coast Castle, had been enabled to penetrate to this black metropolis, and he knew that the successful prosecution of such a journey could fall to the lot only of a few. According to all fair calculation, a second instance of success might not occur during his life : he was, therefore, free to give his own colouring to scenes and things, and to represent, without fear of contradiction, the policy and disposition of the chief at whose court he sojourned, as best might harmonise with his, and his relative's views. Removed a hundred and eighty miles from the sea, and approachable only through vast wildernesses and forests, undera native escort, toil, sickness, and danger of every description, effectually guarded all the avenues to Coomassy. Ignorance of the native language, (in which he had the good fortune to be skilled,) presented another formidable barrier, and rendered the obstacles to such a journey almost physically and morally insurmountable to an European. But Mr. Bowdich had surmounted all these obstacles : no matter by what unhoped for co-operations, and facilities, he had traversed the Ashantee wilds in safety, and negociated with the negro potentate in the heart of his dominions. Mr. Bowdich; therefore, felt all the advantages of his position, and did not neglect to improve them.

We can feel no hostility to the memory of Mr. Bowdich: but, as a writer, whose personal prejudices have been suffered to distort fact, to such a degree, that it is found dangerous to trust to the authority of his pages : as an ambassador, whether accredited or not at Coomassy, who has left an unamiable impression of his king and country, where he should have cultivated amity, Mr. Bowdich appears to have been culpable.

Mr. Dupuis, who has resided at Coomassy, in the same

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